THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 JAMJARY-FEBHJARY, 1965 NOS. 1 & 2 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 STANDING AT THE PORTAL Standing at the portal of the opening year. Words of comfort meet us, hushing every fear; Spoken through the silence by our Father* s voice , Tender, strong and faithful, making us rejoice. "I, the Lord, am with thee, be thou not afraid; I will help and strengthen, be thou not dismayed. Yea, I will uphold thee with my own right hand; Thou art called and chosen in my sight to stand. 11 For the year before us, what rich supplies! For the poor and needy living streams shall rise; For the sad and sinful shall His grace abound; For the faint and feeble perfect strength be found. He will never fail us, He will not forsake; His eternal covenant, He will never break. Resting on His promise what have we to fear? God is all-sufficient for the coming year. Onward, then and fear not, children of the day; For His word shall never, never pass away. By Frances R. Havergal Selected by Martha Cover THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine pu slished monthly in the interests of the mem bers of The Oid 8 rethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. P ubiish ng Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Add -ess: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora Calif. 1 THE SIGNS OF THE TIMES As it was in the days of Noe, so also shall it be in the days of the coming of the Sen of man. Like- wise also as in the days of Lot* The days of Noe and- the days of Lot were extremely w icked— so wicked that Rod's mercy could no longer be extended to the men of that time and place. Morality was at an all time low, as can be seen by the fact that of the millions who populated the earth In Noah's time only one family, of eight persons, was saved* Of all the people of Sodom, which no doubt was a very large city, there were not even ten righteous left* The people of those time no doubt knew of God and may well have admitted that he was the Creator and supreme ruler of the world, but they did not recognize him as their God, or that he had any claim on their lives. They simply Ignored him. And that because they were preoccupied with their own lusts and persuits of per- sonal pleasure. "For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered the ark, and knew not until the flood came and took them all away; So shall also the coming of the Son of man be." "Likewise also as it was in the days of Lotj they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; but the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire' and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all. Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed." It would seem every one should know that we are living in just such time and conditions now. But apparently the great mass of humanity are going ignor- antly, or presumptuously, on in the same disregard for God and his laws to the same tragic end. THE PILGRIM "Watch therefore: for ye know not vahat hour your Lord doth come. But know this; that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched , and would not have suffer- ed his house to be broken up. Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh. Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his Lord hath made ruler over his household, tp give them meat in due season? Blessed is that servant, whom his Lord when he cometh shall find so doing. Verily I say unto you, that he shall make him ruler over all his goods: But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My Lord delayeth his coming j and shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunkenj The Lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of, and shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. » Matt. 21*: I*2-pl. I have quoted this text in full because it reveals two possible attitudes and conditions of the people of the earth when the Lord comes; and it is within our power to choose now which class we will be in then. One class will be caught completely unaware and un- prepared, just as when a thief strikes in the night, and will suffer total loss. The other, because they have believed in the Lord and committed their lives to him and know the signs of his coming and maintain a state of readiness at all times— to such there is no surprise when he comes, for they are always ready. To them the Lord does not come as a "thief in the night." The "thief in the night" experience is only to those who do not watch, and, like those of Noah's time, "knew not" until the flood came and took them all away. This is the doctrine of St Paxil to the Thessalonian brethren (I Thess. 5:1-90 where he says/ But of the times and seasons, brethren, ye have no need that i; THE PILGRIM I write unto you. For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as 'a /thief in the night. For when they Vi shalT say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction c'dmeth upon them, as travail upon a woman with phiidj. and they shall not escape fc But ye, breth- ren, are not In' darkness , that that 1 day. should over- take you as a thief. Ye are all the children of light and, the children of the day: we are not of the nighty nor of darkness* Therefore let us not sleep, as do others but let us watch and be sober * ir Here again it is plain that certain signs which may be recognized by the faithful preceed the Lord's coming and are a PART OF THE WATCHING for- the Lord's return. In the case of the Thessalonians, apparently the former indoctrination by the apostle Paul, when he was with them (II Thess. 2: $•), was not. sufficient, because of the mistaken zeal and activity of .some- mis- guided teachers, to give them stability .and fortitude to remain in a state of readiness for the coming of the Lord. So it became necessary for him to write to ■them again in II Thess., and remind them of still other preceeding signs, which he had indeed told them of when he was with them, but which were in danger of being forgotten or nulified by the industry of some zealots whb were writing or preaching to them that, contrary to what Paul had previously taught them, there was nothing left but the expectancy of an any- moment coming* Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him, that ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled- neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. Let no man deceive you by any means: FOR THAT DAI SHALL NOT COME, EXCEPT THERE COME A FALLING AMAY FIRST, AND THAT MAN OF SIN BE REVEALED, THE SON OF PERDITION. » There is nothing in this instruction which can be construed to mean that the Apostle is telling them to n let down" for the Lord's coming is still a long way off. Nothing in it tells them to not maintain an THE PILGRIM expectancy. For in such event they would be like the unfaithful servants in Matt* 2k which said, "My Lord delayeth his coming". # . and so that day would over- take them as a thief in the night. But the Apostle deems it necessary for the Thess, brethren to posess all facts relating to the Ldrd»s coming so that they might maintain a watchfulness— primarily for his coming— but also including the inevitable signs which must preceed it. Whereas an overexcited zeal, born of unauthorized teaching that no further signs are to be expected but only the any- moment coming in the midst of persecution and tribula- tion which even then they were experiencing (Chp l:k) 9 and still the Lord did not come, could cause them to be "shaken in mind" and "troubled" that they were not being delivered as expected. Because with such an ex- pectancy there would be no need to watch or attend to any related or preceeding signs— and probably fail to recognize or identify such signs when they would appear. Nor is the Apostle telling them to "look" for the man of sxn. Butt he is telling them that the man of sin will appear before the Lord comes. This was a necessary fact, and without the 'knowledge of It the man of sin could be in their presence and they fail to recognize him because his methods are subversive and deceptive and without this knowledge they may be in danger of being deceived— "shaken in mind" and ."troubled." If the Thessalonian church were to be raptured away before the man of sin would appear, what need would there have been to warn them of his appearing? The apostle does not say how rapidly the apostacy would develop (the causes of which were already at work in Paul's day) nor when or at what point in it the man of sin would be "revealed." But the "falling away" seems to indicate that he may be present and active for a considerable time before his true identity is revealed, for his work is with all power and signs and lying wonders and with all deceivableness of un- righteousness in them that perish. Nor is it said how long he may continue after he is "revealed." THE PILGRIM But he will continue until the Lord comes* For the Lord shall destroy him with the brightness of his coming. The Thessalonian brethren have long since fallen asleep in Jesus and did not "live to see "that day" because the falling away did not come yet in their time, just as the Apostle warned them* But no one with any knowledge of the history of the Christian church will dare to . say that the great apostacy or ^falling away" has not long since begun and been in progress even for many centuries » The faithful in the -early centuries after the apostolic church knew it. And the Reformers knew it and were unanimous in their -belief that the man of sin was revealed in the Roman. Papacy. And nothing has happened in history since that time to prove that they were mistaken in its location or place. They simply could not foresee that the Reformed or Protestant church which they stood so bravely for would also apostatise and in our own time seek a reunion with the apostate Rornan church to form a ■unified world religion* and government. Nor do* -we. know yet what form and organisation this will be when- it is matured. The man. of sin and son of perdition of II Thess. 2: 3 is evidently the same person as the "other beast" of Rev 13s 11-18 which is positively identified as the "false prophet" in Rev, 19: 20 e And it is he who moves the men of the earth to make an "image" or "front" to -the first beast of Rev. 13. And because he is a false prophet he causes all men by deception to receive a mark of the "beast", and orders that they must wor- ship the "beast." on pain of death to those who refuse. We were told by the itinerent preacher and ^j tract ministry 30 years ago that the Lord's coming was immi- nent and that the church would be reptured away before this power would be exercised. But current news and headlines in the daily news concerning the ecumenical movement and the swift development of a Socialist government in our own nation; may well find us here tc see these prophecies fulfilled before our own eyes and suffer its oppressive power. — D.F. Wolf THE PILGRIM WALKING WITH GOD In the history of the Bible we see where two indivi- duals M walked with God" and where great blessings fol- lowed at the end of their walk with God. While this is so stated in the persons of Enoch and Noah, we would not at all conclude that they were the only ones that walked with God down through the ages of time. To walk denotes action or movement toward a point or place one hopes to reach , or perhaps in the above case it would rather be "a consecration to a cause." Enoch walked with God, and what was the result or end of his walk? He escaped death and found his abode in the presence of God: the highest attainment that man can ever reach. Elijah must have walked with God, for he too was wafted up into Heaven to dwell in the regions of the glorified ones. Such transformation Is utterly outside and beyond man's power and ability to reach, but with God with whom they walked, nothing is impossible. Man of his own strength is too feeble, too powerless, too finite to reach such ineffable glory, so he must have a helper, a guide, one who can lead the way, and this is the loving Jesus who has said, n I am the way," and also has extend- ed the loving welcome, "Come unto me," To follow and walk with the evil one is to walk in the blackness of darkness and will lead down, down, into the pit of everlasting torment and away from, the regions of eternal glory. Satan offered Jesus the glory of the kingdoms of this world which is so enticing to the car- nal inclinations of mankind, but so wholly unprofitable and fruitless to the never dying soul. You may talk of your prospects of fame or of wealth, And the hopes that oft flatter the favorites of health: But the hope of bright glory, of heavenly bliss; Take away every other, and give me but this, • King David walked with God, and he could say, "Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil for Thou art with' me, Thy rod and Thy staff they comfort me." Whom do we want to be our friend, THE PILGRIM cur companion, and our guide when we come to the end of the way and enter the portals of death? How precious then if we have opened the door and welcomed Him into our lives who will pilot us safely into the realm of Eternal Day* The joy of walking with God is beautiful- ly expressed in Psalms 16:17, "Thou wilt show me the path of life: in thy presence is fullness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore. 11 How fortunate are God's children that He has insti- tuted the medium of prayer, so they may communicate with Him at all times pleading His delivering grace, for He hath said, "When thou passeth through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kin- dle upon thee. M But how shall two walk together except they be agreed? Well, God is unquestionable, .perfect, and true, so if we have Him in our hearts, are in full har- mony with Him, and keep His commandments, here Is the acceptable team. What a friend we have in Jesus,, who has said, "I will never leave thee; nor forsake thee. So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man snail do unto me. n May we walk with Him until finally we may sit with Him in His Heavenly throne throughout eternal glory. — David A. Skiles Possville, Indiana EDITORIAL... Another year is in the past, and 1965 takes its -place as the present. At this period of time it is quite com- mon for people to review the events of the old year and also to wonder what the new one will bring., Businessmen take Inventory of their stock on hand which serves as the closing figure in determining profit for the past year and also becomes the starting figure for the new. Farmers and all begin to collect the receipts and bills in preparation for figuring the income tax for the past year. And in our Christian lives, too, this is a good THE PILGRIM 9 time to take stock, review the mistakes and victories of the past year, and then turn our attention to the problems and opportunities of a new year. In reviewing the past year, we should be careful to recognise the true values. Some of our accomplishments are not really worthwhile. In Philippians 3, Paul could recount some of his attainments in the flesh and writes that if anyone would think to have confidence in the flesh, he had more. But all his own righteousness and attainment he counted loss and even repulsive to him compared to the righteousness which is of God by faith, Paul teaches in the same chapter (no doubt re- ferring to our own attainments which we may have valued and boasted of) to forget those things which are behind and reach forth unto those things which are before. Let us remember this lesson that all our own righteous- ness and attainments are only loss if they do not per- tain to the knowledge of Christ Jesus. There is attain- ment in Christ as he writes in verse 16: "Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing." Paul did not count himself to have already attained or to be already perfect, but he pressed toward the mark.. "Let us therefore, as many as be perfect^ be thus minded: and if in anything ye be otherwise mind- ed, God shall reveal even this unto you." How can we learn by looking back at the events of 1964? It is often paid that "experience is the best teacher." This is true in at least some areas of our lives, such as our occupations.- But in our Christian walk, this saying is true only if we also are learning from the Master Teacher, our Lord Jesus Christ and His word. Then experiences have real meaning. Otherwise they can teach wrong information. Such is the case of the slothful servant in the parable of the talents told in Matthew 25:14-30. This servant was not willing to learn from his master, and evidently his experiences had taught him that his master was "an hard man." But, the other servants were faithful and even proved that their master was not a hard man but a rich rewarder of the diligent. Have we been unfaithful and learned from 10 THE PILGRIM unpleasant experiences untruths about our Heavenly Father? Or have the events of 1964 taught us the truths of the goodness and mercies of God? In our forward look into 1965 , our thoughts should include goals and resolutions for this new year. We could think of many good goals, but the most important are outlined in this same chapter 3 of the epistle to the Philippians, verses 8-10: (l) ...That I may win Christ, (2; And be found in ham, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith: (3) that I may know him, (4) and the power of his resurrection, (5) and the fellowship of his sufferings, (6) being made conformable unto his death; (7) If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead. These are high goals to aim for. We cannot hope to reach them on our own power. But they are attainable in Christ, and He will work in us if we will let Him. In these verses, the hope of the resurrection is out- standing. Someday we will stand before Christ. Jesus may come in 1965. I suppose others have had experiences similar to mine. But sometimes I awake in the night, and my mind, uncluttered by daytime thoughts, is struck by the realization that someday I will stand in the presence of God, my Maker and Saviour. The thought is almost too wonderful and awesome. But He has called us and asked us to draw nigh unto Him and promised that He will draw nigh unto us. (James 4:S) In the Kay-June issue we published a good little piece of advice from the "Sunday School Herald": "The only real way to 'prepare to meet thy God 1 is to live with God so that to meet Him will be nothing strange. One fact to remember in looking ahead is that it is possible to have the victory. God has not asked us to make any progress or attainment that is impossible for us — unless we try to do it by our own strength. If we will let Goa work in us, 196$ will be a year of reward- ing experiences, attained goals and certain victory. — L.C. THE PILGRIM 11 HYMN STUDY OUR GOD, CUR HELP IN AGES PAST Our God > our help in ages past, Our hope for years to come; Our shelter from the stormy blast , And our eternal home. Under the shadow of Thy throne, Thy saints have dwelt secure; Sufficient is Thine arm alone, And our defense is sure. Before the hills in order stood Or earth received her frame , From everlasting Thou art God, To endless years the same. Our God. our help in ages past, Our hope for years to come, Be Thou our guard while troubles last, .And our eternal home. This well known, hymn was one of the imr.y composed by Isaac Watts. The basis for this particular song is found in the 90th Psalm: "Lord thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations. Eefore the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God. I] It is also believed that national conditions in Eng- land caused Watts to write as he did in this hymn, and even today it is the second National Anthem of England, After the efforts of the reformation had brought in a brief period of toleration in England, there was an ef- fort made to replace the Protestant Queen Anne with her Catholic brother. The Queen 1 s ministers had forced, through Parliament the Schism Act, which would have re- established Catholicism in England, but on Sunday, Au- gust 1,1714, the day the act was to become operative, the Queen died. Since a previous act of settlement and the Succession 12 THE PILGRIM was still effective, Anne's successor was to be her cou- sin, a Hanoverian Protestant Prince, who became King of England as George I, Under him, persecution was pre- vented, and papacy became no longer a menace. It was ±n the midst of these alarms and crises that Watts wrote this hymn. As we begin another New Year, let us use the senti- ments of this hymn and of the 90th Psalm to strengthen our faith, and trust in the Great God who has helped us in the past and who is our hope for the future. — J.L.C. NEW YEAR Old year passes, New Year comes, On the scene revolving, Steady as the tapping drums, Future questions solving. Age on ages brings to view, God's designing spelling, Plans for making all things new, Mankind's future dwelling. Sin in Eden's lovely place, Man in guilt despairing, ' r Hope for Adam's fallen race, Christ the way preparing. Old time's hopeless groping years, Darkness, blindness, yearning; New Year's driving doubts and fears, Love light orightly burning. Now to sing salvation 1 s song, Faith .leads onward praising; Though the road be steep and long, Trailway beacon biasing. Old year world to be made new, .New Year shines forever; Soon appearing, when to view, Christians cross the river. — J. I. Cover THE PILGRIM 13 Pfetorral SOME EXPOSITORY AND PROPHETIC VIEWS OF THE BRETHREN IN THE PAST Editor 1 s note:- If the Lord permit, we intend to publish in the next several issues of the Pilgrim some of the views held by Brethren in the past regarding the fall of the Jewish nation and the desolation of their coutry, the subsequent tribulation, and the coming again cf the Lord. ' It will be observed in this-' article, and several others which will follow, that the writers seem to understand the "tribulation", cf which Jesus spoke, tc apply to the Jews only, nationally, and that they find in history a definite date in which this ceased* This shows the hazard of fixing specific dates to certain prophetic events when the prophecy itself gives no. specific date. For we know now, as they could not know then, the terrible calamity which befell that people under the Hitler regime of Nazi Germany in our own time. "We will see ? .however, in an article by J* W. Southwood, on this same subject in our next issue, a broader view is taken and he does not see the tribulation of the Jews ended until after they have returned to their homeland We would add one further modification to the views expressed by these writers: ■ It is clear from Jesus 1 pronouncement in Mktt<,' 23*38 and Luke 21: 20-24 that calamity and tribulation .. is pronounced upon them nationally, but the disciples to whom he was speaking, and who became the nucleus of his church, were also Jews* JmA the contexts of Matte 24; 1-24 and Luke 21; 1-19 show that^aM consequently the church would experience a similar if not the same tribulation. Nineteen hundred years of- history has abundantly proved this to be a facta It is estimated that there were fifty million martyrs cf the church during the dark ages of Papal persecutions, beside the. former millions "flfco were killed 'under the persecutions of Imperial Rome d But evidently it is not quite ended yet; For "immediately after the tribulation . of those days. • • shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven. " Vnd there shall be .signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars | and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the -waves roarings men T s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be. shaken*, ibid then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory* — D. F. Wolf EXCEPT THOSE DAYS BE SHORTENED AN ANSWER TO A QUERY By R. F. Mallott 14 THE PILGRIM ".And except those days should be shortened there should no flesh be saved; but for the elects' sake those days shall be shortened." Matt ,24: 22. The first term we notice in the query is "those days". We naturally inquire, what days? (See verse 21.) Those days of tribulation which should befall the Jewish people. - We have talked somewhat about those days in our No. 3 article entitled "A. few thought s," Also we have noticed in said article that those days have ceased about 1?80 A; D. Hence they were limited or shortened^ and the reason is given, namely, To save his elect or some flesh out "of - the Jewish nation while the times of the Gentiles shall be fulfilled. (See Rom. 11: 23,25c) If persecution would have raged on up till the present time I doubt not but the Jews would have been annihilated; consequently could not be upon earth to say when Christ corneth, "Blessed Is he that cometh in the name of the Lord." Matt. 23: 39» Now Luke speake of the days of tribulation in this light: "And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive Into all nations, and Jeru- salem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. Luke 21: 2U. There would seem at a first thought that Matthew and Luke do not agree, as Matthew says at the end of. the tribulation the signs' respecting Christ J s return shall appear, and Luke would seem to carry It on until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. But here is what we understand Luke to say shall be done until the time of the Gentiles be fulfilled— Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles. And so we see it, not- withstanding tribulation with the Jews has ceased, yet the Gentiles occupy Jerusalem. — R. F. Mallott. A TART OF THE "NO. 3 ARTICLE" REFERRED TO ABOVE Our Savior positively declared that the "tribulation" which should be .realised by the Jewish people would exceed anything of the kind that ever had or ever would be experienced within the cycles of time. And who Is the man that has read the histories which treat upon the subject that will not concede at once without a THE PILGRIM 15 moments hesitation that it exceeds anything within the annals of history. We will briefly follow their times of suffering up to the close of their misery when they were permitted to enjoy peace and worship God according to their own conviction* Our object in doing so is to prove that "times of tribulation" (verse 21) extends beyond the -narrow limits of Jerusalem's war, after which follow the designated signs relative to Christ* s second appearing. The first calamity which befell the' Jewish nation was General Titus 1 campaign against Jerusalem A. D. 6£. . At that time it was a settled conclusion by the Jews that they had enough provision within the walls of the city to supply them for the space of seventy years. But, alas I the hand of the Lord was against them. In less than five years it was all exhausted. Women were compelled to eat their own children,, Some would bind their offspring on their back and plunge into a watery grave to save them from meeting with a more cruel end. Eleven hundred thous- and were butchered in the city and vicinity* Ninety seven thousand were taken captive and sold into per- petual slavery throughout the four winds of the earth. Hence we now follow them despised, harassed, forsaken, as they were, into almost every part of the world. Finally we come to the time when Adrian was avenging the Romans, about A. D a 195, and we find 50O,00C more of the lost sheep of the house of Israel horribly slaughtered. This, It appears, broke them up as a nation, and nearly exterminated them; but they were like the bush which mioses beheld— it burned with fire but was not consumed They now seem to have reached the farther extremity of degradation and tribulation* It was the final catastrophe of the Jewish nation; exceeding, if possi- ble, the war of Jerusalem. The next massacre we give account of to prove the extension of the "times of tribulation" is dated Feb. lU, 11-98, A. B. Whilst the Jews were in their syna- gogue at Paris all was calm and cheerful; no one was aware of danger. Suddenly the troops surrounded them. JJL THE PILGRIM Multitudes were murdered. They were compelled to quit the kingdom destitute of clothes, provisions or means of travel.. About fifteen hundred retired to York, and tried, to defend themselves, but in vain. They used every effort in their power to compromise, but there was no mercy in the relentless mob. Then they deliberately killed their own wives and children, and retiring to the palace they fired it, and thus became their own executioners, as their breth- ren at Either had done a thousand years before when persecuted by Adrian . Next we see them suffering wonderf ully at the hands of Spain during the close of the fifteenth. century. Incidents which chill our blood are related relative to the miseries they en- dured. They were estimated in number from three to eight hundred thousand. An edict was issued^ ordering all Jews to quit the realms of Spain within four months. They were forced to scatter in all directions. Many perished on the ocean; multitudes died with famine. They at first encamped on the sandy plains, not being permitted to enter Fez. They had to subsist on the few roots they could procure. "Happy, " says a Jewish writer, "would they have been if grass would have been plentiful." In this doleful state of suffering some killed their children to put them out of misery; others sold them into captivity for bread. And such was the trib- ulation that contirfued to crown the pathway of Abra- hams children until A. D. 17^3* when George II issued a proclamation in behalf of the Jews. This was the first step taken for their AMELIORATION. But the people were so blinded that it was (by their opposition) rescinded, and it was not until A. D. I78O that the measure was carried into effect by Joseph II. Thus ended the days of "tribulation." Verse 21. Hence the next order will be to notice the designatea signs that shall follow those days of "tribulation." This we will do in our next, if the Lord will. Vindicator, Oct. 1879 ^__ THE FILGRIM - - ..... 17 FATHER'S HYMNS. There is an interesting story behind this poem by Sister Celesta Price, Celesta 1 s sister, Orpha Wagner, writes: "One of my school mates who lived on the cor- ner of Highway 99 and Pelandale, (near Modesto, Cali- fornia) told me she used to hear Papa go by in the winter mornings before daylight singing hymns. He would be on his way to work driving his horse, Dandy, in a little two-wheeled, cart. It brings back many memories." After hearing this, Celesta wrote this poem in memory of her father, Brother Solomon Price. "Our Father 1 s house is built on high/ 1 He sang and drove along/ "Far, far above the starry sky," The morning heard his song. It seemed *co give him hope renewed, And it sped the hours by The while he built a home on earth To plan one in the sky. "My days are gliding swiftly'- b^," His voice rose clear and strong. "And I'm a pilgrim stranger here And will not tarry long." The days were swift and full of toil, But the King has bid him come To claim -the unmolested reot Of his eternal home. A prayer it was to hear him sing, "Thou Great Jehovah guide A pilgrim, though this barren land Safe to the other side. And on the bread of Heaven feed Where crystal fountains flow, .. . And through the swelling Jordan stream, do Thou help me go.' 1 18 THE PILGRIM "Jerusalem, my happy home," That home he longed to see; The one that's built above the sky Where many mansions be. He sang about the street of gold, The walls of precious stone, The gates of pearl where burdens sore Are cast when life is done. The voice that sung is quiet now To these dull mortal ears. No more he sings about that home Beyond this vale of tears. He's there at last and stands redeemed And sings a new refrain. Someday if I live faithful here I'll hear him sing again. — Celesta 0* Price COMMITMENT God honors the life that's committed, The life that's committed to Him; Not simply subdued and submitted, But filled with resolve to the brim. Some failures we all have admitted, We haven't been all that we should, We haven't been fully committed, Nor expendable always for good. By God our sins are remitted, The past though regretted is gone, To Him let us then be committed, And with renewed vigor press on. Commit: Entrusting to God without limitation, — Guy Hootman THE PILGRIM 19 CHILDREN'S PAGE FISHING WITH JESUB Once when Jesus was walking near the Sea of Galilee, He came upon two boats. One of them belonged to Simon Peter. Simon and his partners were busy mending and washing their fishing nets. So Jesus asked Simon to push his boat out onto the water a little way. Then Jesus sat in it and taught the people one of His wonder- ful lessons. When He had finished , He told Simon to take his boat out to deep water and let down his nets to catch fish. Now Simon had been fishing in this lake for years. He knew when the fishing' was good and when it just did 'not pay. He had worked all night and had caught no fish. So he did not want to go out right away again. But because he knew that Jesus was some one extraordinary, he agreed to go. Simon let down his net when Jesus told him to ? and , right away they had a catch of fish so grea t that the nets began to break! Simon called to James and John, his partners who were in the other boat. They came and. there were so many fish that they filled both boats, and the boats began to sink! Simon was so astonished at this miracle that he fell down at Jesus' knees and said, n Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, Lord," Simon must not really have wanted Jesus to leave him, but he was so surprised at the power Jesus had to do a miracle like this that he felt weak and sinful. Jesus had a lesson for these three men. He told them, "Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men." This 'meant that they were to be preachers and soul- winners for Jesus. When they had brought their boats safely to land, they left ;their business and followed Jesus and really became "fishers of men". These were three of the Apostles who preached for Jesus after He went back to Heaven. . We, too, can be fishers of men for Jesus x* we will also leave all and follow Him. — L.C. 20 THE PILGRIM BIBLE CHARACTERS BELSKAZZAR The Bible was the only known history of Belshazzar until recent archaeological discoveries. Belshazzar, the son of Nabonidus was the grandson of King Nebuchadnezzar, The wording in Daniel, "Thy father Nebuchadnezzar", means not actual father but royal ancestor on the throne. From Babylonion inscrip- tions it has been learned that Nabonidus, much of the time, was in retirement outside of Babylon and that Belshazzar was in control of the army and the govern- ment co-regent with his father. This could explain how Daniel could be "third ruler" in the kingdom. The fifth chapter of Daniel gives us a short, final account of King Belshazzar, While giving a great feast, the king committed his last great sin of idola- try when he called for the golden vessels that were taken from the temple at Jerusalem, and from them the king and his lords drank and praised the gods of gold, of silver, of brass, of iron and of wood. During the feast, the king suddenly turned deathly pale and became shaken when he saw the finger of God writing on the wall. None of the king's wise men could interpret the writing. At last Daniel was sought out and revealed to the king his sins of idolatry and of not honoring or 'glorifying the God of heaven and earth, and for this reason his kingdom was to be taken from him. Read the fifth chapter of Daniel and learn the story and fate of this king and kingdom that had forsaken God and had turned to idolatry. Foseph E. Wagner Sonera, California This issue of "The Pilgrim" will be for both January and February because we plan to be gone from home for awhile if the Lord wills it. We hope to print as usual in March. — L.C. THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 MARCH, 1965 NO. 3 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 THIS I KNOW . v.... I do not know what next may come , \ /.. Across my pilgrim way; ,1 .., "... ( „ ■ .„ I do not know this next year's road, Nor see beyond today; . : • . But this I know, my Saviour knows \", tf ." The path I can not see, . - *. ■ And I can trust His wounded hand' To guide and care for me. I do not know what may be mine Of glowing skies' or rain; I do not know what may befall Of pleasure or of pain,;' But this I. know, my Father sends' My sunshine and my "shad&y. " s ; / And naught that comes from' out : His "love, Can make my soul afraid. \ V \'/\- I do not know what may await , ■ " Or what this next year brings, But with a "glad salute of faith I hail its opening wings. For this r know, that' in my "Lord Shall all my need be met; And" I can 'trust the heart of Him Who has not failed me yet. . . Selected by Alma Garber THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor; Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Danie! F. Woif. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. THE "CHURCH" The Church of Jesus Christ is the community of the children of God* It is the highest and most precious of all relationships. It is God's own purchased pos- session and peculiar treasure— purchased by Jesus Christ, "Who loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood." (Revelation 1:5) It; is the new creation of which Christ is the head as Adam was of the old. In this relationship, we are sons of God and joint heirs with Jesus Christ. The Apostle John says, "Now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet. appear what we shall be: but we know that when he shall appear, we shall be like him: for, we shall see him as he is." (I John 3:2) And again, he says in John 1:11,12, "He (Jesus) came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God." Thus we see that this most exclusive of all relationships (to God) is spiritual and not of national or blood relationship,-: • When Jesus said, "Upon this rock I will build my church," he was not introducing a new Idea unknown to the Jewish mind. The way in which, this statement is ^nade without explanation pr ! cie script i6n seems to take it for granted that they were aware -that there should be such a building or community of saints* And there is reason to think that' such was the case, for the Old Testament prophets had spoken of it in various ways. v or this reason it cannot be correct to say that "the Old Testament prophets did not see the church age*" n he prophet Zecharlah (sixth chapter) prophesied of one whom he called the BRANCH, (which can be none other than Jesus Christ) who would erect a building called ^ THE PILGRIM the "temple of the Lord", whose glory would far exceed., the glory of the temple that was being built by Zerub- - babel in his time. He says, "...and they that are far off shall come end build in the temple of the Lord." (Zechariah 6:12,13) That this prophecy had reference, to the Church is plainly indicated by the Apostle Paul in his epistle to the Ephesians (second chapter) where he' sa3^s, ■ "Now ye are no more strangers and foreigners , but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the house- hold of God; and are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief cornerstone; In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth into an holy temple in the Lord: In whofti ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit." Again the prophet Isaiah (chapter 54) saw an exceed- ingly numerous family of children suddenly begotten of a woman forsaken and without an husband, which the Apostle. Paul interprets in Galat ions .4s 26-31 ■ -as the new relationship in Christ Jesus, called the children of promise — begotten by the Spirit. By referring to Isaiah 49-L2-P2 it is seen that this enormous expanding family includes the Gentiles, whiab shows it was a foregleam to the prophets of the church age and the great family of the children of God — begotten in Christ Jesus by the Spirit through faith. The Church is rot a "parenthesis" as we are told by certain "evangelicals", but is the essence of .God's. eternal purpose which he purposed in Cnrist Jesus before the world began. For we are told in Ephesians (third chapter) that God will demonstrate, by the Church, to the principalities and powers in heavenly places, his "manifold wisdom according to the eternal purpose- which he purposed in' .Christ Jesus... of whom uhe whole family in heaven and earth are named." Again the Apostle Peter, speaking as the foremost A.postle by the Holy Ghost in the newly established and empowered Church of Christ, (Acts 3:24) says, "Yea, and all the prophets from Samuel and those that follow after, as many as have spoken, have likewise foreto ld' of these days., 11 If there was' a parenthesis in God's eternal plan, it 4 - _____ TIE. PILGRIM would seem more reasonable to believe it to be the "Law" given to Israel at Mount Sinai/ because the Apostle Paul says "It was added because of transgres- sions' until the seed should come to whom the promise was made. For as stated in Ephesians 3, God's eternal purpose was purposed in. Christ Jesus, .and the covenant of promise with Abraham was made in Christ, Therefore the work and building and "seed" or people that was to be accomplished and begotten In Christ, was the main program and goal/ and the "Law 11 was a temporary provis- ion to preserve and tutor them until the advent of the Messiah. "And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in. Christ, the law, which was" four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul,- that it should make the promise of none effect... wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should .come to whom the promise was made..." (Galations 3:17-19) The Church is the "new people of God" founded of faithful-- members of the old covenant people to whom the promise was made. Jesus chose twelve faithful men of- the old covenant commonwealth of Israel, and with them he confirmed the new covenant when he gave them the Cup of the New Testament in the upper room. Then on the day of Pentecost they were baptized (energised) with the Holy Ghost,, and thus the Church of Jesus Christ became a reality — a- living, growing body in Jesus Christ with a relationship so Intimate that the Apostle Paul says,: "For we are members .of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones." What a relationship! What a calling I What a privilege — to be sons of Godi It is beyond our comprehension. Only by faith can we believe it and receive it. There are those who can boast of belonging- *to some "royal family" or of being a close relative of some famous national or world hero. How far greater to be a son ( not grandson) of God and to be heir of all things.. For it is said in II Corinthians 6: 16, "For ye are the temple of the living God; as God has said, I will dwell In them, and walk in them; and will be their God, and they shall be my people." In view of the greatness of this calling, the only logical con- THE PILGRIM elusion that can be reached is that anyone who does not wish to be .a member of the Church of Jesus Christ either does not know God and his offered plan of salvation or is opposed" to him and his people, ' l In conclusion it may be said that there are two , ' aspects in the nature of the Church which may be called the Church "militant" and 'the Church "triumphant".- The Church militant is the present state of the Church in this world in conflict with all her demonic ■ foes. In this state there can be foes within the Church as well as without of which Jesus and the Apostles have abundantly warned. And because of this condition, for. lack of a true understanding of the Church, some have rejected the visible Church- seeing only the mystical or -invisible power* of Christ operating, in individual lives, and not' giving proper heed to the fact that the Church is the body of Christ. Philip Schaff in his history of the Church sajrs the Church exists "not merely as something subjective in single pious individuals, but also as an objective, organized, visible society," There is nothing any more visible than the Church of • Jesus Christ as evidenced from the long history of her terrible physical persecutions. This militant state of the Church will end at the close of this 'age when the Lord coiries. And then the same Church will become: the Church triumphant to "praise and, honor and glorify the Great God and Father and our -Lord Jesus Christ -forever. Now unto him who is aole to do exceeding abundantly . above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us, Unto him be glory in the church bj Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without -end. Amen. — D.F.Wolf COMMUKION NOTICE We, the members of the Old Brethren Church of Indiana and' Ohio 'have agreed' to- hold our Spring Communion Service at our meeting house 2|- miles southwest- of Wakarasa, Indiana on April 24 & 25, 1965* the Lord willing. We extend a hearty invitation to members and friends and especially the ministry to come and be with us then. —David A. Skiles THE PILGRIM THE FULLNESS OF JESUS In speaking of the redeeming and saving power of the blessed Son of God, we read in Colossians 1:19, "For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell." J For it was of Him and through Him that the Apostle Paul could speak these precious words: "And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled. In the body of his flesh through death, to present 3< r ou holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight t If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel... 11 What could be more complete, more thorough, and full to the long- ing mind of the child of God? And in the first chapter of St. John we have these words: "And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace." And G how full was the matchless sacrifice, that Jesus made when He took upon Himself the -form of sinful flesh, suffered the most atrocious abuses of sinful men, was betrayed by those who had been closest to Him, had nadls pierced through His living flesh — all this that we through obedience to His will revealed in His Holy Word might attain to the fullness of eternal life and glory. Can we hope for this unless we giv^ to Him the undivided fullness of our life service? Satan is pleased with adulteration, counterfeit, and imitation. He even transforms into an angel of iignt. Deception and delusion are his and his alone. But not so with our Saviour Jesus who is without sin and blame- less. "Blessed are the pure in heart for they shall see God." "The pure in heart are Thy delight and they Thy face shall see." How wonderful is our God who knoweth our frame that we are oust, and that in our flesh dwelleth no good thing, and when we w r ould do good, evil is present. The 'spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak. But Jesus in His fullriess holds out to each one the glorious means of reconciliation through re- pentant confession of our unmeant and unpremeditated sins. Sadly though, if we sin willfully after we have THE PILGRIM received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, but a fearful looking for of judgment, and firey indignation which shall devour the adversaries. But how full will be the compensation in Glory to ' those who have wholly followed the Lord and kept them- selves unspotted from the world. They shall reign with Christ a thousand years in company with the redeemed,' and the sanctified of all ages, Abraham, Isaac, and v Jacob and all the holy prophets. And to embrace but* dear loved ones who have gone before will be fullness of joy and depth of bliss, unseen, unfathomed, uricon- ceived. — David A. Skiles Rossville y Indiana WHEN WE ARE OLD I think when youth has slipped away .And people become old, That life has greater meaning, and There's much more to be told. I think that ' neath each 'wrinkled brow There live fond memories Of times that never will return, Sweet days that used to be. I do believe folks are like wine That mellows with its age, For only- with the passing years One can become a sage. And I suppose the little things Most of us hurry past Are precious beyond wildest dreams When life is fading fast. Yes, I believe when folks grow old They know new happiness, For they are living close to God And feel His soft caress. Selected by Ella Garber THE PILGRIM - . < CLOUDS March is a month of wind, clouds, and showers. Now we see many kinds of clouds. Those whose lives or livelihoods depend on the weather study them and learn to identify and classify them. They learn that some kinds indicate severe storms, others bring gentle rain, and still others may drift across the sky only making huge shadows on. the ground beneath ♦ But even school:., children learn that clouds have one thing in common: they are .made up of particles of water that one time- - came from the earth or sea. With a little thought about clouds, we can learn a few things about some of our troubles that we sometimes call clouds because they seem to darken our skies and temporarily dim the sunshine of God's love. We can learn that the sun shines above, no matter how high the clouds soar* Also, we learn that no cloud is so thick to completely hide the li^ht . of the sun from the ground beneath though it may dim it. Even so, God's love is always strong, constant, unchanging above the troubles that roll across our skies. And no matter how thick these troubles may seem, God's love is power- ful enough to lighten the soul beneath. J.esus said, ,r I am the light of the world." ' As clouds are of the earth and the atmosphere, even so do our troubles originate around us and endure only in this world. ' Cur troubles are also like clouds in the effect they have. Some roll across our skies making only shadows. Others bring storms that we must brace ourselves against and endure. Still others bring gentle rain that refresh- es and waters and makes us grow when the sun of God's love warms our hearts. How beautiful it is, when the clouds roll away, to see the sun, moon, and stars in their beauty. Even so with clear vision may we behold our Heavenly Father — constant, powerful, beneficial, loving. The Heavens declare the glory. of God... . ' — L/C. THE PILGRIM 9 • •"/ ■ HYMN STUDY '■•.■•....; - I LOVE THY. KINGDOM, LORD 1 love Thy kingdom, ■ Lord, The house of Thine abode-*- i The Church our blest Redeemer saved With His own precious blood, : I love Thy Church God? .Her walls before Thee stand, Dear, as the apple of Thine eye, And graven on Thy hand. For "her my tears shall fall; For hfer my prayers ascend; To her my. cares and toils be given, . Till toils and cares shall end* Beyond my highest joy, .1 prise her heavenly ways, Her sweet communion, solemn vows/ Her hymns of love and praise . Jesus, Thou Friend divine, Our Saviour and our King, Thy hand from every snare and foe ' Shall great deliverance bring. • ■ Sure as Thy truth shall last, To Zion shall be given, , The brightest glories earth can yield, And brighter bliss of Heaven. This old Church hymn was composed by Dr. Timothy ' Dwight in the year 1800. He was born at Northampton, Massachusetts on May 14, 1752, and was graduated from I Yale College at the early age of 13. He died on Jan- uary 11, 1817 in Connecticut where he had spent most of his life. Dr. Dwight was president of Yale College from 1795 until the year of his death in 1817. Dr. Dwight was a Calvinist, and so believed that men 10 THE PILGRIM have no choice in thier eternal destiny. Politically 5 he was a Federalist and felt that the Church should control all the affairs of the state. He was bitterly opposed to the democratic theories of President Jefferson, who believed that saints and sinners, college presidents and longshoremen : should have equal rights. Of all the hymns written in America between 1620 and 1824 j of which Dr. Dwight wrote 33, this one hymn of his was the only one to survive. - : I believe every member of- the true Church, which Is the body of Christ , loves this : beautiful hymn of de- votion - We notice the writer uses the terms "Church", "Kingdom" and "ZIori" synonymously* According to the Word of God,. I believe he was right in believing it this way. In order to gain admittance Into the Kingdom of God, we" must become joined to Christ's body, the Church. Today we hear much about accepting Christ as our personal Saviour, which I am sure Is essential, but too often the importance of becoming a part of the Church is overlooked. Jesus told Peter in Matthew 16: IS, "Upon this Rock I will build my Church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against, it." Let us be grate- ful for all that God. has. provided for us through the Church: the fellowship, the love-, and the ordinances, and faithfully uphold the sacred teachings of Christ, our Saviour, until He comes again to -receive His glorious Church unto Himself . — Joseph L. Cover Come to the church in the mountains To the little 'brown church Where the cedars and pines' Those tall stately trees make fragrant, the breeze And temper the sun when It shines. Come to the church- in the mountains ■ -. To the little brown church , Where- in sermon and -song ...... : ' : •-■"■.. Our voices we 1 11 raise to our Saviour's praise For only to Him do praises belong. — Guy Hootman THE PILGRIM 11 CHRIST'S SECOND COMING by J. W. Southwood Having shown that God made a covenant with Abram, and renewed it with Isaac and Jacobs that he would give to their seed the land of Canaan; and that later, on Mount Sinai he made a conditional covenant in which he promised many blessings provided they would remember all his commandments to do them, and threatened them with many curses If they did not remember all. his com- mandments to do them. One of which he would scatter them among all nations, which is being fulfilled, and thus punish, them for a while, but would not utterly de- stroy them, bux that he would bring them again into the land which he by an oath of confirmation promised Abram, Isaac and Jacob that he would give to their seed. I will next call attention to some of the many pas- sages which speak of Christ's second coming. While I hold that the scriptures plainly teach that Christ's second coming is yet in the future, there are some who claim that he made his second advent at the time of the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus the Roman general. Perhaps the strongest passage in support of this claim is the following: "Verily I say unto you, This gener- ation shall not pass, till all these" things be ful- filled." (Matt. 24:34) Luke says, "This generation shall not pass away till all be fulfilled." (Luke 21:32) Alexander Hall in his "Universalism Against Itself", page 141, after speaking of the word 'genea' be,ing here translated 'generation', says, "Martin Luther and. Dr. George Campbell, whose translations are before me, have the word 'genea' translated 'race', referring to the Jewish nation, which has not yet become extinct. That race of people yet remains a distinct nation, though scattered among all the nations of the earth, and con- sequently have not yet passed away. 12 THE PILGRIM "The same word, here translated ! generation 1 , is found in Phil, 2^15 and- is .rendered .;' nation T , in the common version. Had it been thus translated in Matt. 24:34 * which could have v beVh ; done -with all propriety, then we would read: "Verily I say unto you: this na- tion." (the Jews as a' people) /shall not pass away' till all these things be fulfilled, " that Is, till Jerusalem* is destroyed, the Jews are scattered among all nations, the" Son of min. comes in power and great glory, and until the angels are commissioned to gather the elect from the uttermost J parts of the earth, to the uttermost parts of heaven. ; And; as that race, that generation or that na- tion, has not yet passed away, but retains all the pe- culiar 'characteristics of a distinct people they ever did; it follows that these events predicted by the Saviour (the last of which was his own personal appear- ance and' the gathering of the elect) have not yet all been fulfilled. This text then,_ so far as favoring the idea of the coming of the Lord at the destruction of Jerusalem, Is but another confirmation of its fallacy." I am not favorable to the rendering of r geh.ea*, 'nation', as in Phil. 2:15 of our common version, but think, it should be 'generation' as given in the new, the- l^irdoek and the Wilson versions- ■ Neither am I favorable to the rendering of the word 'natlon'^in Matt^ 24:34 as stated by "Hall, because the Jews as an" organised nation are destroyed, but not as a race or people. '. So T consider 'race' as given in the versions referred : 'to by Hall, a 'better rendering.' 'Race 1 is one of the definitions given by Greenfield of the word *genea r . 'Race* is also one of the definitions given by Webster of 'generations':. "'■ ■ ■ "Immediately after the 'tribulation of those : days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and' - the powers of the heavens shall be shaken. And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven; and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall i THE PILGRIM 13 gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other." (Matt. 24? 29-3.1) Because this passage says, "immediately after the tribulation of those days/ 1 it stands out so unreconcilably against the idea that Christ made his second advent at the de- struction of Jerusalem, the advocates of that claim have made effort to turn it against those who claim that his second coming is yet in the future, and en- deavor to confuse by intimating that ."those days" were the days at the time Jerusalem was destroyed, and that "immediately after the tribulation of those days," means immediately after the destruction of Jerusalem. They seem to have over looked xvhat Luke has to say concern- ing the duration of this tribulation. He says, "For there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all na- tions; and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gen- tiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled." (Luke, .21:23,24). This shows that the scattering of this people, and the treading down* of Jerusalem will continue "Until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled." And so the tribu- lation will continue till that time. In Deut. 4:30 we read, "When thou art in tribulation, and all these things come upon you, even in the latter days." From this we may learn that the tribulation of those days was not all at the time of the destruction of Jeru- salem., but that it continues through the period in which they are "scattered among all nations." When they are once more brought into their country from the nations among whom they have been, and are yet scattered, then the "tribulation of those days" will cease. Then imme- diately after that time, "they shall see the Son of man coming in the dlouds of heaven with power and great glory*" There is a claim made and published in print that Jesus will first come as a thief in the night, and then so that every eye. shall see him. And that he may be ex- pected to come as a thief in the night some time between the dates 1898 and 1928. And then at or near the last 14 THE PILGRIM date he will come so -every eye shall see -him, and that he will lead the Jews back to their promised land of Canaan . ; My last argument is. a refutation of this claim also, ; so far as relates to his coming before the Jews are permitted to return to, and occupy their promised land, "For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comet h as a thief in the night. But ye/ brethren , are not. in darkness , that that day should overtake you as a thief .. Ye are all the children of light, and the children of; the day: 'we are not of the night, nor of darkness.. Therefore let us not sleep, as do. others; but let- us watch and be sober. 11 (I Thess. 5:2,4-6) ;. From this we may learn that Christ will come as a thief in the. night to those who are" In darkness, to those who" are of the night, to those who are spiritual- ly asleep. "And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet , and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. 11 (Matt. 24:34) Mark' has it ,r from the utter- most part of the earth to the uttermost part- of heaven." 'Mark 13r2?) This gathering together of his elect is one of the things that will occur at his coming. Did it occur, at the time Jerusalem was destroyed by Titus the Roman general? A negative answer seems' the only reasonable one. . ■ From "'The Vindicator" July, 19CS V Selected oj D. F. Wolf •.THE GREAT .CLOCK The- Clock of Time Is wound but once, And no man has the .power To tell just when the hands will stop, At late or early hour. n Now" Is the only time you own; Live, love, toil with a will. Place no faith in : tomorrow, for * The hands may then be still. Selected, by Amos Baker THE PILGRIM „ „ . 15.. CHILDREN'S PAGE JESUS FORGIVES AND HEALS One time when Jesus was preaching In a. house in :•< Capernaum, a great crowd gathered. There were. so many people that they filled the house and, crowded tight ag- round the door, all wanting to hear Jesus* words. .As Jesus spoke, four men came carrying. a sick man on a. bed. The man had palsy and could not walk. They knew that , if only they could get their friend in to Jesus, He - would heal him, but they could not push through the : ., crowd. Finally they thought of a way to get in. They,, hoisted their friend to the top of the building and quickly began to make a hole in the roof. When the-/ ■-■ hole was large enough, they simply lowered the. sick man, bed and all, right in the middle, of the. crowd in front of Jesus. .. -. . w , ,■ . Jesus saw that these men had faith, , so He said -to. .-, the sick man, '"Son, thy sins be forgiven thee. 11 Now _* there were proud men called "scribes" in the crowd y 'and- they did not believe that Jesus had the power to forgive people's sins. They thought He was just a man and not ; the very Son of God* So they began to -criticize Jesus in their own thoughts. But Jesus even knew -what they- ; were thinking! So He asked these proud men, "Which is easier to say to this man, f Thy sins be forgiven thee. r or r Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk,*?" Of course, these men could neither heal anyone nor forgive their sins. But Jesus can do bothl So to prove this He said to the sick man, "I say unto' thee, Arise, and take lip " thy bed, and go thy way into thine house." Immediately the man stood up, picked up his bed and walked out through the crowd 1 . The crowd was amazed and began to thank and praise God. - * ,.; Jesus still has the same power today as He did then. So let us never doubt what He can do, but believe that He can both forgive sins and' heal diseases. You can find this story in your Bible in the book of Mark, chapter 2, verses 1 to 12. — L.C. 16, THE . PILGRIM.. BIBLE CHARACTERS JEZEBEL, ; "For whatsoever -a .man- soweth, that shall -he also re.ap> For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption. n An example of the above scrip- ture Is. the wicked woman Jezebel* . She was the daughter of Ethbaal,. king of the Zidon— ians^a wicked and, idolatrous .nation. Ahab, king .of Israel,, took her for his -wife and adopted her wicked religion and even built an altar and house of Baal in Samaria... . ■ ■•.-. Her life was marked by wicked deeds. When the Lord withdrew- the rain because of Ahab's sin in marrying •her j she retaliated by slaying the prophets of the Lord.; Then she determined with an- oath to kill Elijah, after the Lord had. so miraculously demonstrated His power In answering Elijah by fire, and Elijah had slain the prophets of Baal. Again her wickedness and cruelty were shown when she had Naboth and his, sons slain -because he- refused to go against the Law and give nis possession to Ahab. ■Her end finally came . when she was thrown down to the street from a high window, ; trodden under the horse's .- fepty and eaten by dogs, i , Yes I ."For whatsoever a. man. soweth, that shall he. . also .-reap. -For he, that soweth to his : flesh shall. of -- ■ zhe flesh reap corruption, but he that . so weth to the • spirit - shall of the, '. spirit ; reap life everlastin g . . ■ ; ■*••' ■• '■ —Daniel S. Wagner ■ ' Covington, Ohio WHAT REALLY MATTERS It's not 'so -much what happens,- ' ; Whether tough or lucky breaks. = The thing - : that really matters Is the attitude one takes; • ' - • ' by ' Mary K * s Goodman THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 APRIL, 1965 * NO, 4 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the sou!/ 1 Peter 2:11 EASTER by Patience Strong This is our creed: that God's own Son was sent on earth to pay The price of our salvation, and to show the lost souls The Way; Buying our redemption on the Croas of Calvary, Marking out the path of wisdom, peace, and charity. This is our Faith: that Mary found an empty sepulchre, And as she wept in sorrow, there the Lord appeared to her. He, the Christ, had risen in the quiet morning hour."' He, the King of Light and Life, had broken death's dark power. Mourner, this is Eastertide^: the Resurrection Day, Turn to Him in faith and He will ..wipe ' your tears away. He has proved the final truth of immortality. Love survives the change called death. ,, ■ Love lives eternally. Selected from "Ideals-" by Ella Garber THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora, Calif. OUR RISEN LORD The resurrection of Jesus: the greatest single event recorded in the history of man I It is the basis for the Christians 1 hope of life beyond the grave. It has brought forth the most noble expressions of pathos and emotion ever expressed by human lips. Herein lies the faith of Christianity — a realization that we will not always be surrounded by sin, sorrow, aches, and pains, but that in GocPs own time, a new body, a new day, and a new and ' 'glorious life will dawn on us. It will never know an end. . ' Eternity 1 Internal life without anything to mar the complete "happiness of the redeemed souli All this and more hinges on the resurrection of Jesus Christ our Lord. The first day of the week. comet h Mary Magdalene * . . D eter and John running to the sepulchre ., .John looking into the tomb; and he saw and ■ believed. Mary stood without weeping and heartbroken. "Woman, why weepest thou?" she was asked of the angels. "Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him." Jesus said unto her, "Woman, why weepest thou?" *Iot knowing it was the risen Lord and supposing Him to be the gardener, Mary said, "Sir, If thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him and I will take him away," Jesu£..-saith. unto her, "Mary*" This was the voice _ of the King* of Kings calling to the depths of an anguished soul.' 1 It caused Mary to utter a word which every soul should say when they hear the call of Jesus. "Master." Only one wordy but what a depth of meaning it has I The Master of our soul; a willingness to follow -where He leads; a trust in one \ who has mastered the art of living- ; a perfect life. He was tempted in all points as we-r-yet without sin. He Is the hope of the world because He has vanquished the hosts of sin that Satan arrayed against the spotless Lamb of God. He had THE PILGRIM the power to lay down His life and He had power to take it again. This commandment He had received of the Father. The resurrection — the greatest miracle of all ages* Let us go back to the night before the resurrection morning. Pilate had given authority for a watch to-be placed around the tomb. The stone was sealed to make sure that no one would steal the body of Jesus, Sol- diers under the Roman law were to be put to death if they went to sleep during a watch. Everything that man could do was done to keep the Lord in the tomb. What a sad story it would be if he had accomplished it I Early in the morning there was a great earthquake, for the angel of the Lord rolled back the stone from the door and sat upon it . No Roman soldier dared challenge that glorious being. All they could do was shake and tremble in fear till they became insensible and fell" ' down as dead men. The angel T s countenance was like lightning and his raiment white as snow.' Power and"- "• purity, two forces that challenged the physical and 'the spiritual part of sinful man. I do not doubt that some of those Roman soldiers became Christians. They were told to say that while they slept His disciples came 'by night and stole the body of Jesus. Who but the soldiers would tell it? Jesus rose from the dead! A living, glorious Lord who appeared to many of His followers. Jesus had ap- peared to ail the disciples but Thomas, The other said unto Thomas, "We have seen the Lord. 11 Thomas replied, "Except I see in his hands the print of the nails and put my finger into the print of the nails and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe." Thomas must have been very impressed with the crucifixion and had no doubt that Jesus was dead. After eight days, again His desciples were within and Thomas was with them: then, came Jesus, the doors being shut and stood in their midst and said, "Peace be unto you." Then saith He to Thomas, "Reach hither thy finger and behold my hands, and reach hither thy hand and thrust it into my side, and be not faithless, but believing." And Thomas an- swered and said, "My Lord and my God I" This from the 4 THE PILGRIM bottom of a doubting soul which never was to doubt again. If only all Christians could say the same words with the same conviction, great would be the witness. "The Lord is risen indeed," said the two who saw the Lord on the way to Emmaus. This is just another basic truth that is necessary for us to have firmly fixed in our hearts. There is no other fact so abundantly proven in the history of man as the resurrection of Jesus from the dead. Praise God; The Lord is risen indeed. -Rudolph Cover Sonora, California FAITHFUL UNTO DEATH Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. (Revelation 2:10) But he that endureth unto the end, the same shall be saved. (Matthew 24:13) We enlist in the program of faithfulness for the duration of our journey to the promised land. We have promised and covenanted at our baptism to be faithful unto death. So we embark on our Christian journey accompanied by the promises of God being fulfilled to the help, encouragement, and to final attaining unto victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. (I Corinthians 15:57) It is necessary that we continue to keep our eyes on the goal, as we read, "Forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things that are before, I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus." (Phillipians 3:13,14) While also we must keep to daily watching and prayer "that we enter not into temptation," (Matthew 26:41) we must not be distracted by the many conditions on the sidelines. We need be very careful that our lives show a positive activity in the Christian duties, labors, and virtues as well as to "deny ourselves of all ungodly and worldly lusts." (Titus 2:11-15) Faithfulness and endurance harmonize together. To "endure hardness as a good soldier of Jesus Christ" (II Timothy 2:31); "To endure chastening" (Hebrews 12:7); "To endure grief suffering wrongfully" (I Peter 2:19); THE PILGRIM "To endure all things.' 1 (I Corinthians 13:7) n Faithful continuance in well doing"- (Romans, 2:?) includes endur- ance. Our journey through life need not be spectacular; just dutiful, helpful, hopeful, faithful living which anyone of sound mind can be engaged in and successful; by the help and power of God. "It is God which worketh in you both to will and 'to do of His good pleasure «■■ Do all things without murmuring and disputings: - that; ye- may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse- nation, among whom ye shine-as lights in the world." (Phil. 2:13) " To be saved, to receive a crown- of • life-, are promises like the morning sun. They are presented unto us- at- the beginning of our Christian journey and continue- to light- en up our pathway until the sunset of life.- And -just beyond the sunset we may go to: the regions of eternal- day and receive the ^fulfillment of every promise- of .the life to come. (I Timothy '4: 8) May we hear ..our Lord say to us, -"Well done, thou'-gOod and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things., I will make thee ruler over many things:'- enter, thou into the joys of thy Lord. (Matthew 25:21) J.. ./. Faithful day" by day to live, Faithful all life 1 s jcurtiey long, Faithful service Lord to give, Faithful Sounding word and song. Faithful In the morning lifht, Faithful in the noonday sun, Faithful in the evening light, Faithful till our race is run. Faithful living until death, Faithful till the crown is won, Faithful till the parting breath, ! . Faithful till the setting sun. Faithful till we upward fly. Faithful till we end the race, Faithful meet Thee in the. sky, And behold Thee face to face. — J. I. Cover Sonora, California THE PILGRIM . -THE PEOPLE OF GOD ... . . ' by Ananias Hensel The people of God are represented in the word of God as pilgrims and strangers. The children of Adam are all strangers on earth in one relation or another * As they came into the world and while they continue in their natural state they are children of wrath, strangers from the covenants of promise, alienated from the life of God, having no hope, and mere unbelievers in the world. But those who, are reconciled and brought nigh by the blood of Christ .are indeed no longer strangers to God, and yet they must be strangers still under a new capacity, to the world and their former condition in it. Through the effectual working of the spirit of grace they become mortified in their affections to the former lusts which ruled over them in the time of their ignorance and es- trangement from God, grow more and more dead to self, with all its false ambition and groveling views, are at a distance from the life and spirit of the world and tremble to follow its maxims or mix with its per suits. Like Israel of old, they wander in a wilderness in a solitary way and find no city to dwell in. God is their guide through this desert world, they not knowing truly the steps of their course without Him, but follow Him in faith whithersoever He goeth. They depend upon Him bo lead them forth by the right way, that they go to the city of habitation. Thus the redeemed of the Lord are strangers in a strange land and are treated accordingly. Walking in the spirit of their master, the world perceives the alienation, will at least ridicule, and if permitted would persecute them for it. For which reason doubtless it was that our Lord and His apostles gave that standing admonition to the church: marvel not if the world hate you. If ye were of the world, the world would love its own; but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you,- (St. John 15:18,19) THE PILGRIM Now as the Christian is and must be a stranger upon earth, averse to its evil maxims and, life, it is there- fore expedient for him to be a pilgrim, that is, a passenger from the earth to a better country, even the heavenly. He must be a spiritual Hebrew, which; means the same thing, and must relinquish his own country- (like Abraham) and his father's house, that is, this present evil world, and the old Adam of nature in which he was born. From these he must pass over the flood as the river and the Red Sea were passed over of old with a decided purpose, and make the best of his way under the divine guidance and protection to the promised land. He can. not fix his thoughts here for this is not his rest. • ... - Thus he becomes a continual sojourner as all the fathers and all the faithful ever were. He is ehgaged in a pilgrimage and must proceed, for destruction is be- hind him, and before him an eternal weight of glory. To. go backward is horror; to stand still is misery; to- fall short is despair. He is- therefore in earnest upon this most awful, this most necessary business, nor would he be wrong for a thousand worlds. Consequently, know- ing his own. weakness as well as his own infirmity, he is importunate in prayer, watchful in spirit, tender in heart, humble in life, and looking (but bewailing that he looks not enough) to Jesus that he may be kept by., the power of God through faith unto -salvation... He walks in the order of providence for this world and in the spirit of grace for another, and God is his guide; in both according to that sweet promise. "An highway shall be there (A certain and prepared way) and it shall -be- called the way of holiness, the unclean shall not pass over it, but it shall be for those, the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein. No lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon,, it shall not be found there, but the redeemed shall walk there. And the ransomed of the Lord shall return and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads; they shall obtain joy and gladness and sorrow and and sighing shall flee away." (Isaiah 35:3-10) In thus being strangers and pilgrims and Hebrews, they are also THE PILGRIM truly and .spiritually the only Jews, that is, the con- fessors and glorifiers of Jehovah. He is not a Jew, saith the apostle, who is one outwardly, neither is that circumcision which is outward In the flesh, but he is. a Jew who is one inwardly and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit and not in the letter, whose praise is not of men but of God. A Jew in the flesh is but a shadow of a Jew in the spirit, and a Jew xn the spirit constitutes a Christian, who is the true and living Jew. And circumcision of the heart is cutting off the old man with his deeds so as not to live by him. The bap- tism and regeneration of the spirit which is putting on the new man, even Christ Jesus, as the substance of - spiritual life, the sacrifice of the whole body, soul- and spirit to the will of Jehovah through Christ Jesus. Where this has taken, place, the soul is brought into communion with God as a friend and. a .child, is enabled - to crucify the flesh with its affections and lusts, is- rendered a stranger and pilgrim on earth, is brought in- to the bonds of the everlasting cpvenant, and has a right, .and title through Christ to all the promises, mercies, "blessings and truths revealed in the gospel. This gospel is the common charter and deed of conveyance to -the heirs of salvation, who are privileged now with- out a falsehood to cry *7bba Father," and as children . to put in a rightful and acknowledged claim to all, that .is purchased and to all that is prepared for them.. They are but. one nation under the same king, one chosen gen- eration- under- the same head, one family under the same Father, all dear to Him and by Him provided for and pro- tected continually. Oh what a transcendent glory is put upon poor worms, when redeemed from the earth and made kings and priests unto God and the Father for ever more, .What honorable thoughts should the Christian have of his own reward, state and condition! How should we strive to keep it clear from all impeachment and degrad- ation. -How full of praise should he be to the Father., Son, and Spirit j the one. Jehovah- who hath done so much ■for him, and will yet do more in time and in eternity,, Brethren and sisters., -when we think of these things, THE PILGRIM our hearts... ought, to melt within us and our souls, ought :.. to be ready to cry out > "Who and what are we that the Lord hath done so much for us, n What else but love di- vine could have taken us from the base and vile condi- tion of a stranger to God and have raised us not only to the honorable degree of servants but to the affec- tionate relation of friends and, sons and daughters, and even heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ Jesus of . an exceeding and eternal weight of glory. what hath God done for poor souls? How hath He made us to re- joice in the assurance of His favor, ■ let this kin- dle in our hearts the warmest flame of affection; and gratitude ,. and let us more and more learn to become strangers to all but to God and what belongs to His truth and our salvation. Let us daily feel and remem- ber : that we are but pilgrims and sojourners here, and consequently let the staff aJLways be in our hands > our.' loins girt and our lanips burning, ever waiting in meek and patient expectation for the coming or calling of our Lord and Redeemer. Thus, may we often stand upon our watchtower, eagerly looking for the Son of the; • ; morning,, the appearance of the Son of righteousness to ' bless us, even us,, in His kingdom,^ Ve are but- poor ■ travelers , weak and sorely beset within and without. •: May the Lord help us, strengthen us in our journey, and quicken cur pace in it that we may not be slow of" 'heart' to believe nor dull in spirit to follow Him in. the' ways of salvation, etc. Selected from !I The Vindicator' 1 , 1892 : <- , by D. A. Skiles CGJMJNION NOTICE VJe, the members of the Old Brethren Church of Indiana and Ohio have agreed to hold our Spring Communion Ser- vice at our meeting house 2§ miles southwest of WakarUsa, Indiana on April 24 & 25, 19&5, the Lord willing. We extend a hearty invitation to members and friends and especially the ministry to come and be with us then. — David A. Skiles 10 THE PILGRIM Ptsttfrral THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION (Condensed from an article by Michael Montgomery in the January 1907 Vindicator,) "And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with ar- mies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. Then let them which are in Judea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the -midst of it depart out, and let not them. that are in the countries enter there- into. -For these be the days of .vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled." Luke 21:20- 22. Also see Matthew 24:15* "When ye therefore shall see thera.bomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet;, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let ;him understand) ." The next four verses tell their flight to the mountains, and the twenty first says., "Then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall he." Further see Mark 13:14, H 3ut when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand) then let them that be in Judea flee to the mountains." There having been a request in the July number of the Vindicator, on page 218, for some one to explain the above scriptures, and no one having done so, there have been a number of brethren since expressed a desire to have the same explained. Hence this effort to ex- plain what is meant by the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the prophet standing in the holy place, and where it ought not, as set forth in all the above scriptures. In regard to the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, to make this question plain we will have to re- fer to, history in. connection to the above scriptures. This Christ foretold about 36 years before the war com- menced, and 40 years before the destruction of the city THE PILGRIM 11 and the temple, and 42 years before the end of the war, according to Josephus. These prophesies were fulfilled to the letter. The Jews had been tributary to the dif- ferent heathen nations that had the control over. Jeru- salem ever since the temple of Solomon was destroyed, until about 58 years before the birth of Christ. The Roman power had control over Palestine and Jerusalem until it was finally destroyed by Titus the' Roman gene- ral. It was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar on the same day of the same month, just six hundred and twenty- eight years before the temple was destroyed by the Ro- mans, as Josephus says that fate had ordered it to be so, as a Roman soldier set fire to the temple contrary to the design of Titus. Further we have 75 years, 10 months and 8 days after the birth of Christ for the destruction of the temple, that is, 4 years, 2 months and 22 days after the beginning of the war. Now when Jerusalem was compassed with armies, how could the disciples flee to the mountains? History says that it was about 128 years after the Jews were defeated by Pompey. And after the war had commenced it raged with about equal success until the eighth day of the month, Marchesvan, the Jews eighth month, when Cestus the first Roman general that 'surrounded and be- seiged Jerusalem suffered a most terrible defeat from the Jews and was driven away from Jerusalem with a loss of a great part of his army, which left the city free for some time . Some think that this defeat of the Romans was a special act of divine providence for the purpose of giving the Christians who were in Jerusalem an opportun- ity to make their escape from the city in obedience to the command that Christ gave to his disciples when he foretold to them the destruction of Jerusalem as re- ferred to at the head of this article. At this defeat of Cestus the first Roman general against Jerusalem, then the Christians escaped from the city and went to a place called Pella. When Nero heard of this defeat, he sent Vespasian to take command of the Roman forces in the place of Cestus, who began his military opera- tions in Galilee. He took Gadara first and Jotapa next, 12 THE PILGRIM after a terrible resistance by the Jews under Josephus, who was, taken prisoner by the Romans. His life was spared and from then till the end of the war he was with the Romans- and acted the part of a mediator between the, Jews and the Romans. This Vespasian took city after city on his march toward Jerusalem, and prepared to be- seige Jerusalem, but before his plans were matured, Nero died. Now the Jews were forbidden in their law to make any kind of an idol or graven image, to raise up a standing, image, or set up any image of stone in their land. . * , That these idolatrous 'images are what is meant by the abomination, there seems to be but little chance for doubt: and the- Jews in the time of Herod understood it so. Hence the strong indignation against Herod and willingness on the part. of these men to die rather than see their temple polluted with an idolatrous image set up over the gate of the temple. When the Romans com- menced war with the Jews, they overspread the whole land of Palestine with their armies: and wherever their armies marched they went with the effigies of the Caesar or the Roman flag... They spread abomination and desola- tion wherever they went, through the whole country of Judea, by desolating and destroying everything that came in their way; they showed little, if any, mercy to any age or sex. Thus showing without a doubt after Cestus was defeated and retreated, that some time after Titus again surrounded and besieged Jerusalem and set the Roman flag over, the gate of the great temple, was xri the strictest sense the abomination of desolation npokenof by Daniel the prophet standing in the holy place, pr where it ought not. However , as Luke gives it, "When ye see Jerusalem compassed .with ..armies, then know that the desolation thereof is. nigh.". Thus as above stated, the warning to flee.. But after a, time .when Titus surrounded the city, and the Roman flag: set .up over the gate of the temple, then it . stood where it ought not, according to the Jew- ish law, which specially represented the desolation bx the city and temple. True, there were great desolations in Judea before and after Jerusalem and the temple were THE PILGRIM 13 destroyed. But when said flag stood over the gate of the temple standing where it ought not, was the carry- ing into effect or fulfilling the entire desolation of Jerusalem and the temple as the warning had been in the land of Judea. Cestus surrounded the city and retreat- ed and gave a chance for the Christians to flee before Titus finally desolated and destroyed Jerusalem. After Titus had taken Jerusalem he marched his army to Cesarea Phillippi where he lay, as Josephus says, a considerable time, and exhibited all sorts of shows there. A great number of captive Jews were destroyed there, and while he was at C6sarea he solemnized the birthday of his brother Domitian after a splendid manner, and inflicted a great deal of the punishment intended for the Jews in honor of him. For the number of those that were now slain in fighting with the beasts, and were burnt, and fought with one another, exceeded 2,500. Yet did all this seem to the Romans, when they were thus destroyed ten thousand several ways, to be a punishment beneath their deserts. Great punishments and persecutions a- waited them in all countries and cities into which they were dispersed. Titus also slew a great many of the Jews on the occasion of the celebration of his father 1 s birthday. There probably never was a nation against which such a relentless war of extermination waged. The Romans seemed to have an unmerciful hatred against them, and the persecution against them at this time continued until the consummation, and that determined was poured upon the desolate. A more disconsolate and desolate nation did not ex- ist upon the earth, from the time of the destruction of Jerusalem until the beginning of the nineteenth century. It would seem therefore that it was the commander of the Roman army, Titus, who should overspread abomina-; tions and make it (Jerusalem) desolate, "even until the consummation, and that determined should be poured upon the desolate." See Josephus' "Wars of the Jews," book 7, chapters 2-4 * And that determined means that what is decreed shall be; and the pouring desolation upon the Jews was decided upon when the angel Gabriel ap- peared to the prophet Daniel in the first year of Darius 14 THE PILGRIM the Mede, the son of Ahasuerus, Now the above is in harmony with Luke 21:24. "And they shall fall by the edge of the sword and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled," This time we believe is very nearly here that the desolated Jews will again possess their land, when Christ will come, of which much might be said in connection to the above subject relative to the new covenanted people, and also their experience since the destruction of Jerusalem, and the closing of this dispensation. But as this article, is long enough we must forbear. —Selected by D. F* Wolf BIBLE CHARACTERS JEPHTHAH Jephthah was known as a mighty man and judge in Israel. The judges of Israel were not like the judges that we know today. Instead, they were such men as the Lord would from time to time call to lead Israel against her enemies in times of war or crises. There are two things about Jephthah which are par- ticularly interesting. The first is that he had been banished to the land of Too, which is north of Gilead, by his half-brothers. However, when the Ammonites be*- gan to make war against Gilead the elders sent for jephthah to return to lead them in battle. This is a rather ironical situation in which the Gileadites are forced to ask a man whom they had rejected to be their leaaer. It shows that a society may judge and reject a man unfairly, while God is able to look at that per- son and, in percieving his innermost thoughts, is able to use him in carrying out the divine will. The second thing which Jephthah is noted for is his vow. During the battle with the Ammonites, he vowed that, if the Lord would deliver Amnion into his hands, THE PILGRIM 1£ when he returned home he would offer whatsoever came out of his door to meet him for a burnt offering to the Lord. One can only speculate as to what he thought he might have to offer. It would seem "that perhaps he had some animal in mind. However, in that period of time it was common practice for the Canaanites aftd other surrounding peoples to offer human sacrifices.., : Same scholars have speculated that Jephthah had a servant in mind for his offering. At any rate, we do know that he was not prepared for what actually happened. Truly , it must have been a horrifying experience to see his ; ' daughter coming to meet him as he returns home.victo-. , rious and remembers his vow. The tragedy here is expressed in Jephthah' s own words when he 'says, "Alas, my daughter 1' thou hast brought me very, low and art one of, them that trouble me: for J have opened my mouth unto the Lord, and I cannot go back." Jephthah. regretted his rash vow, but it was I made and it had. to be fulfilled', even though it meant sacrificing his only child* "The lesson here is very clear. One must realize that .vows made with God/are binding. Once one. has pro- mised to serve the Lord and forsake sin he is held to . this promise and cannot go back on' it, even as Jephthah had to fulfill his promise/ irj promising to serve the' Lord we promise to serve Him and Him alone , for ',&$ we'-, = read in Matthew 6?24, . n No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, 'and love the other; or else he will hold to the one ? and despise the other.. Ye cannot serve God and mammon." -Glen Shirk . . Berkeley, California If we really beleive that we have a Father in Heaven who .loves and cares for. us, that nothing can happen to us without His permission, .and that all His will for us is good will, how can we be discouraged? , . Selected by Martha Cover ■ 16 '■■-: .'.■:-,'-:-■ ■■ « .v.; THE' ...BILORJM. ..wds "!■. Vr.r CHILDREN'S. PAGE '"'.'. : " //'*'; ' r ' 1 "'' ,J . : ' ! EASTER: "THE" DAT JESUS AROSE' ■•■■ ■:•*:•:■ Children, how many of :ydu know what Easter means?. Do we think, of Easter as .'a "time when we hunt for Easter eggs and have "special. 1 ' candy 'aM -have time off from school? \ This happens at our Easter riow. But the real reason for Easter 1 is found in the Bible in St.. John,, chapter 20. ■•■ :V This was; the day many years ago when Jesus rose from His gr'iVe: after He had been crucified. Jesus had always done what was right. He had healed sick people. He had made people 'happy by the words* He spoke to them. But some of the wicked men did not like Jesus. They were jealous. So they planned how they could get rid of film* They planned very carefully to arrest :Him and have Him crucified; But they could not have taken Jesus if He would not have let them. Jesus wanted to die for us because He loves us, but it took all His courage because the wicked men were very cruel to Him. But after Jesus died on the cross. His friends buried Him in a ca% r e and put a huge stone over the door. The. wicked men guarded the cave . But on Easter morning angels rolled the huge stone away and Jesus came to life again. 'The guards became as dead men when they saw the angels. The friends of Jesus came early Easter morning to His grave and found that He was not there. But they were very glad, when they found out that Je'sus was alive again and when they actually saw Him and heard Him speak and saw Him eat. Now they could tell everyone that Jesus had died for their sins and that He was alive again to help them live right. Jesus will never have to die again. If we live for Him all- our lives , we too will be raised to immortal life because Jesus was. Sc this is what Easter really means. We should never forget that Jesus loved us enough to give His life for us. Who was the first person to see Jesus after He arose? (Find the answer in St. John 20:11-14.) — L.C. THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 MAY, 1965 NO. 5 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter '2:1*1 WHEN MOTHER PRAYED When Mother prayed I precious hour When -God would come in mighty power i memory sweety . 0- hallowed place Where God did shine in Mother 1 s face. When Mother prayed! ah, then I knew Within my soul that God was true; ,. I. .could no longer doubt Kis love, But yielded all, born from above. And though the years may come and go, ■' This heart of mine can never know- A sweeter time than that blest hour When Jesus came in saving power. -'" : - Though other scenes may be forgot, While life shall last this one cannot; When Mother prayed! peace divine I • My mother's God today is mine. When Mother prayed, she found sweet rest! When Mother prayed, her soul was blest I Ker heart and mind on Christ were stayed, And God was there when Mother prayed. W. J. Kirkpatrick Spiritual Songs and Hymns THE PILGRIM is a reiigious magazine published monthly in the interests of the members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Woif. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. WAIT ON THE LORD Wait: (l) To stay until someone comes or something happens. (2) To care for or be obedient to. After the glorious dawning Resurrection morning, be- gan the most happy and holy interval of forty days when Jesus was "seen of the apostles whom he had chosen. " Hew our hearts thrill to read of this holy communicating time! We can now see how necessary this interval was that the apostles be fully informed of their mission and responsibility* What upbuilding when their understandings were opened after Jesus had breathed on them and said unto them, "Receive ye the Holy Ghost. w (St. John 20:22) For we read., "Then opened he their understanding that they might understand' the scripture s, And he said unto them, Thus it is written., and .thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnessess of these things. And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be en- dued with power from on high." (fit. Luke 24:45-49) Also: "And being* assembled together with them, com- manded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he 5 ye have heard of me." (Acts 1:4) The time of their happy communion - and walk together came to a close, Jesus "led them out as far as Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with graat joy: and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing THE PILGRIM God. Amen." (St. Luke 24:50-53) From this time of returning to Jerusalem they obeyed the direction of God of waiting upon the Lord, wholly and fully obedient unto Him, Note that Jesus had breathed upon them and said, "Receive ye the Holy Ghost ," and also at His departing moments "lifted up his hands and blessed them." The apostles stayed together: "These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren." How fully and completely they were thus prepared to continue the necessary work_of selecting Matthias to fill the place of Judas Iscariot who fell from his apostleshipj In this work cf election they prayed, "Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen..." (Acts 1:24) This holy work attended to, Matthias was "numbered with the eleven apostles." "And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one ac- cord in one place." God fully ratified their work by the Holy Ghost filling ail of them, Matthias included, standing with the eleven apostles.' The twelve apostles of the Lamb (Revelation 21:14) are a special group: "witness with us of his resur- rection." (Acts 1:22) Eesides the twelve apostles there were other apostles: Barnabas and Paul and above all, "the Apostle and High Priest of our pro- fession,. Christ Jesus, (Hebrews 3:1) the Captain of our salvation, our Saviour and Redeemer., King of Kings and Lord of Lords. ., Cur time to "wait on the Lord" is now. "God has spoken unto us by his Son." We are to "follow in his steps. When we cannot see our way, Let us trust and still obey; He who bids us onward go, Cannot fail the way to show! Ever y Christia n should desir e to wait until He s peaks — then to be obedient to His word . Jesus says, "My sheep hear my voice, and I know them and they 4 t THL PILGRIM follow ike." Until this follow-up and fellowship be- comes "a delightful service , we. can not "rejoice with .. joy unspeakable and full -of glory! n Should we all the time be discouraged , weary y plod- ding pilgrims? No,. -let us take heart and join in -with overcomers and say,, n I can do all things through Christ which strengthened me , " Thank God' and take courage. (Acts 28:15) "Wait on the Lord, be of good courage , and he shall strengthen thy heart: wait I say on the Lord. 1 ' "But they that wait upon the Lcrd shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles: they* shall run ,.. and. not tje weary , they shall walk and. not faint.*' n For we through the Spirit wait for the ' hope of righteousness by, faith.". "Let your loins be- girded about, and your, lights burning; and ye your- selves like unto men that wait for their Lord." (Luke 12:35} Wait for our Lord that we may wait on the Lord forevermore, Wait on the Lord. He calls for you To follow Him along the way, To all His loving words be true. This way leads up to per feet; day. Wait on the Lord. Without a guide You may be lost in darkest night., For when we travel by His jside, ;■ ■•■ We journey by a shining flight. Wait on the Lord. Take up thy cross. His shining footsteps lead us on, That we may count all things. but loss, Be stepping where our Lord has gone. Wait on the Lord. Attend Him well. He has attended to us all. He vanquished all the hosts of hell _ That all the powers of death may fall. THE PILGRIM Wait on the Lord. He comes to take His loving ones unto His fold; When all the powers of nature shake , Then we may walk the street of gold-. Wait on the Lord In climes of light, Joining in service , worship, song. Gone are the shades of darkest night In that Illuminated throng. —J. I, Cover Sonera > California SIN For the wages of sin Is death, but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. Often we have to wonder if we really believe this passage of scripture, or if we think the Lord will, no doubt, overlook some things at that great day. We read in the scriptures that God even notices the sparrows fall to the ground, and that even the hairs of our head are numbered. So we need not think that God will overlook even the smallest things in life. If we commit sins of iniquity, or if we harbor evil thoughts, we need not think they will go unnoticed. ■ Paul admonishes the Fhilippian brethren to 'work out their salvation. with fear and trembling. So we should not be too easy with ourselves, but daily ex- amine our lives and see what motives we "have and that we continually be on guard for the evil one. No doubt we could not commit one sin that we are not warned about in the scriptures. We ought then to spend much time in reading the scriptures and see what our duty is. The Word also tells us to" search the scriptures, for in them ye think ye have eternal life. In simple terms we know that sin is to go against God and His commandments. First of all we must accept His plan of redemption. If we can not do this and live faithful to it, we need not try to please Him THE PILGRIM any other way because He can not accept it. The only way we can come in favor with God is to accept Christ and truly be sorry for our sins and be baptized. We sometimes hear people say they have a few things they would like to do first , or they just are not ready yet to accept the Lord. We hear some parents say this of their children , and even hear people tell of things they did against God's will before they accepted Christ and say it did not hurt them. How wrong this thinking Is* Sin is never a bargain any time ^ any where , any way. If we commit sin and feel as though it did not hurt us y we still have an account to settle, and if we do not settle it now in this life, we will have an account against us when we meet God. Then It will take our life to settle the ac- count. For the wages of sin is death, but to do God's will Is to receive a free gift which is so valuable in no way could it be earned. — Kenneth Kartin Na ppane e , I nd I ana MY SILVLR AND GOLD Gut of this life I shall never take Things of silver and gold I make. All that I cherish and hoard away, After I leave, on earth must stay. All that I gather and all that I keep, I must leave behind when I fall asleep. And I often wonder what I shall own In the other life when I pass along. What shall they find and what shall they see In the soul that answers the call for me? Shall the Great Judge learn, when my task is through, That my spirit has gathered some riches, too? Or shall at the last it be mine to find That all I'd worked for I'd left behind? — Selected by Orpha Wagner Triiij PILG-Klk FOOD WE SHOULD AVOID ;; ' [ , f| ,;. , by Mary Alice Holden ;■ .-": If we would grow in grace , let us be careful to a avoid certain foods. In Rosea 12:1 the writer says that Ephraim fed on wind. No wonder he had gas pains and his body was weak. Let us eat the solid meat of the Word, instead of the rantings of false doctrines, freely given out. : Rosea 7:8 says, "Ephraim is a cake not turned,;" "half-baked," we would say today «, Poor Ephraim! Ke was burnt on one side and raw on the other, going to extremes in everything. As we ,.go about getting our spiritual food, let us meditate' -on the word and spend much time In prayer. Both are necessary* Bible- study alone may cause us to rely on form; prayer alone makes us fanatical, said some one wiser than I am. We need a balanced diet. May we watch and pray and also do the things commanded in the Bible, which is the bread of life. Lest we , "drink of the wrath of the Almighty" (Job 21:20), let us eat the bread of affliction and' true re- pentance (Deut. 16:3); remembering from what we. have been redeemed. In our baking let us beware ■ of the "leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy," lest our life be poi- soned and our good deeds cannot count for God, but use instead the leaven of the kingdom of heaven, (katthew 13*33) M A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump." (I Corinthians 5:6) As children o'f God, may we be the leaven of our nation. Surely America is a Christian nation because there are a few sincere Christians' that make the kingdom of heaven their chief business and give glory to God, not because our land is full of nominal Christians who go to church once or twice a year . Neither should we feed on ashes of things gone past, but let the dead past bury their dead, (Isaiah 44:20) Behold the Lord has prepared better things for us. By His power He has made the ashes of yesterday yield the -THE-- "BlLGRIk: fruit of the seasons and the meat of His pasture. Let us be filled with the goodness of today fresh from His hand and nourished with His mercy and loving- kindness of this very morning. —Selected by D. F. Wolf TRIBUTES TO THE BIBLE This Book contains the Mind of God/ the way cf salvation,, the doom of sinners , and the happiness of believers. Its doctrine is holy, its precepts are binding , its histories are true,, and its decisions immutable • "■ Read it to-be wise, believe it to be safe, practice it to be It contains light to direct you/ food to support you, and comfort to cheer you. It is the traveller's map, the pilgrim's staff, the pilot's compass, the soldier's sword and the .Christian's character. ,. , v , ,. Here Heaven is opened, the gates of hell disclosed. Christ is its subject, -our good its design, the glory of God its end. It should fill the' memory, rule the heart and guide the feet. Read it .slowly, 1 frequently, prayerfully. It is. -a,. mine of wealth, and a river of pleasure. It Is given to -you here in this life,' will be opened sit the Judgement and is established forever. It involves the highest responsibility, will reward the- greatest labor, and condemns all who trifle with its sacred contents. * - - . . _, ; — Selected by Stella Flora THE . PILGRIM : 9 HYMN STUDY He ruleth by his power for ever. Psalm 66:7 God moves in a mysterious way/ His wonders to perform; >: He plants. His footsteps in the sea. And rides upon the storm. Deep in unfathomable mines Of never-failing skill, He treasures up His bright designs. And works His. sovereign will. Judge not the Lord by feeble sense, But trust Him for His grace; Behind a frowning providence, He hides a smiling face. His purposes will ripen fast 5 i Unfolding every hour;- •' ■ \ The bud may have a bitter, taste , • But sweet will be the flower. Blind unbelief Is sure to err, And scan His work in vain; God Is His- own interpreter , • And He will make it plain, William Cowper, an English poet of the eighteenth century, wrote this majestic hymn, ' H Gbd Moves in a Mysterious Way. n The hymn expresses depth of feeling. It depicts a great God who is- present in all situations and defines a Christian's attitude toward Him, The verses are rich in contrasting words and ideas. The story concerning the origin of this hymn is unverified. Th£ elder poet seemed to have been ill and concluded that God would be pleased if he drowned in the river near his home. He ordered a cab and 10 THE PILGRIM driver "to "take film" "to the 'spot.' The driver, however , had difficulty in locating, the place and so drove around. Wearied with procedure , the driver finally left Gowper at his own. door. It is believed that this episode inspired him to write "Conflict", as he called it. Many of Gowper ?s poems won high places in English literature . . • . , William Gowper, in collaboration with John Newton, wrote the famous "Olney -..Hymns." — Selected You can't stay up on the mountain, 'Peter, you can't stay there. You saw and felt His glory And breathed celestial air* But yonder in the valley They need a shepherd's care. You can't stay up on the mount, Brother, you can't stay there. You love the blest communions. Naught can with them compare. But some have heavy burdens That we may help to bear. You can't stay up on the mount, Sister, you can't stay there. We all enjoy the preaching, The songs -and earnest prayer. But there are Christian duties Of which we're all aware. . — Guy Hcotman ANKUAL MEETING NOTICE The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren Church will be held, the Lord willing, on June 4, 5, and 6 at the Salida meeting, house, Salida, California. A -hearty Invitation, and.- welcome is extended to all the brethren and sisters -and friends to attend, — D. F. Wolf THE PILGRIM 11 Pfeteral THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION (This article has the same title as our last "His- torical" selection and was published about the same time. Written by Aaron Frantz, it is taken from the December , 1906 "Vindicator",) In the July number of "The Vindicator" . page 2X8 3 a brother asks a question and refers to some scripture; the first, Matthew 24;15: "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the prophet stand in the holy place , (whoso readeth let him understand:) Then let them, which be in Judea flee into the mountains:. Let him which is on the house top not come down to take any thing out of his house: Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes." In this, the 24th chapter of Matthew? s gospel, Christ foretells the destruction of this the second temple (so called) as repaired and beautified by Herod which, though not equal to that of Solomon was certain- ly a very grand and splendid building; and must have appeared the more so to the apostles who. being chiefly fishermen of Judea, had probably not at this time seen any of the elegant buildings of Greece or Rome.. Go solid and durable also appeared the materials of which it was formed that when their Master spake of Its over- throw they immediately connected it with the end* of the world and with the day of Judgment. Our Lord, there- fore, in the manner of the double prophecies of the Jews, connects these events in the following discourse making one figurative of the other. "To begin with the destruction of Jerusalem," says Thomas Williams, "Bishop Newton has shown the most striking correspondence between the several predictions and the corresponding events- as related by Josephus; and a series of many surprising coincidences is perhaps 12 THE PILGRIM unparalleled in the history of prophecy and of the world; " Jd'sephus, it should be remembered, was contem- porary with the events and saw what he describes, nor is he opposed by any conflicting evidence but on the contrary is confirmed by Tacitus and other Pagan writers." ■■■■.. "In the preceding chapter/' says Thomas Williams, "we find Jesus in the temple, reproving the, -Pharisees for' their hypocrisy and other crimes. VMow he had left the temple and was seated opposite to it on the mpunt of Olives, when his disciples,, having withdrawn from the multitude , came privately to inquire of him, "When shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming and of the end of the world? "It is of im- portance to observe here/ 1 as Dr. Pye Smith remarks , "that this Is the language of the disciples and not of Jesus; and it must therefore be interpreted In accord with what we have reason to believe was the then present state of their knowledge. The disciples view r ed the coming of Christ and the end of the world as @ve ( nts . nearly related and which would indisputably -take place- together. The occasion upon which they proposed their question was our Lord's assuring them of the ruin of the magnificent .building which they were admiring; one of the principal subjects of their national pride and boasting." "From their very childhood," says Calvin, "they imagined that the temple would stand to the end of time, and this notion was so deeply fixed in their minds that they regarded it as impossible for the tem- ple to be overthrown while the- structure of the universe remained.. As soon, therefore, as Christ told them that the temple would be destroyed, their thoughts instantly ran to the consummation of all things. Thus they con- nect with the destruction, of the temple, as things in- separable, the coming of Christ and the. end of the world. A fond hope which they had conceived without any authority that the final perfection of the reign of Christ was very near and actually present led them to indulge in the extravagant expection of springing all at once into happiness," "Our Lord f s answer, however/' says Williams, "so far THE PILGRIM , 13 , from confirming this prejudice goes in some measure. to rectify this mistake by informing his, disciples of a great variety: .of calamitous events which must intervene > of which we shall now take a brief review, interpreting them by the history of Josephus who it' should be remem- bered was.no Christian though he seems to have' been ; half convinced, " " • •-■ . -,. v , The first sign to precede these events was that- of ■ false Christs-or pretenders to the character of Messiah. Josephus mentions many of which the following are ex- pressly noticed in the Acts of the Apostles: Theudas, Judas of Galilee , Simon Magus and the Egyptian impostor. Second: Josephus T History is full of u wa!rs and rumcrs. of wars ♦ » - ■ . Third: M Famines , " particularly- one mentioned by St. Luke. (Acts 11:28); also by Josephus and- Sueton- ius. "Earthquakes in divers places/' as in Crete, Smyrna, Miletus and various other 'places as mentioned- by Jewish and Roman historians/ Fourth: "Fearful sights and great signs." Josephus mentions among other sights a comet in the form of a sword, hanging for a long time over Jerusalem, and armies fighting in the air. One night the massy brazen gate at the east side of the temple opened of its own accord, and at another time a voice was heard at midnight* from the inner temple say- ing, ."Let -. us go hence." And above alL, most unaccount- able was the conduct of one ,Jesus, supposed to be an idiot or insane, who for several years before the capi- ture of the city-, went about exclaiming, "Woe to the- city /woe to the people and woe to the temple,"' and ■ could- -by no means be silenced. At length,' the last' time of repeating these words he added, "Woe to my^ ; self," and , was immediately killed as it : were by acci- dent. Fifths- Persecution. for Christ's sake Is another sign here mentioned and which the Apostles experienced both from the Jews and Gentiles more or less in all countries to which they carried the gospel which indeed before the destruction of Jerusalem extended to the Roman empire and to the then known world. Sixth: Cur Lord then admonishes his- followers 1 to leave Jerusalem and flee for their lives immediately as they "see the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the pro- THE PILGRIM phet," erected in "the holy place.' 1 This seems evidently to refer to ..the. eagles on the ■Roman" "standards " which were planted on the walls of the city ' and . eventually, as Josephus informs us, -within the temple itself. And not only were these standards worshipped and sworn by, but idolatrous images also were often' introduced. The appearance of these was the appointed' 'signal 'fox 1 flight to tho.se: within the walls, and that flight was to be so sudden as not to allow them to return home if they were absent or even to re- turn" within their houses to take aught from thence — only to flee over their terraced roofs till they "reached the walls and escaped without. This many did and' particularly the Christians who escaped, some to Mount Libahus and others to Pella, a small town beyond : Jordan in the territory of Agrippa, .insomuch that it is not known that any Christians perished in the final destruction of the city. •To the Jews, however, this was the most calamitous event that they ever experienced; indeed the history of Josephus perfectly agrees with the- prediction of our Lord who says, "Then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this -time; no nor ever shall be." Josephus reckons that 1,100,000 Jews perished in Jerusalem, and above 250,000 in other parts of Judea besides 97,000 captives and innumerable others who perished by starvation and other ''means-. 'And he sums up all by saying in remarkable con- formity to our Saviour 1 s words; "If the mi.sfort.unes of all, from the beginning of the world, were compared with those of the Jews, they would appear much inferior upon -comparison." —Selected by D. F. Wolf ; Prayer is the agency to move the arm of God. 'Prayer frill open the treasuries of the skies. Prayer — the ef- fectual prayer — will bring the answer in advance, and then we can stand still and see the marvelous workings of Gbd : , who has a good deal more to give than most folks' are getting. Evangel Herald ; Selected by Martha Cover THE PILGRIM - 15— CHILDREN'S PAGE JESUS CALLS A PUBLICAN Recently we learned about Jesus healing a man of the palsy and forgiving his sins* After fie left the. house where this happened, He passed by the place where: taxes were collected. The men who collected the money or tax were called " publicans 11 . They were hated by their countrymen because they, were Jews but yet collected money from their own people to give to the Roman government. They were regarded as, traitors. Eut as Jesus passed by this place where the, publicans worked ., He saw one whose name was Levi. Jesus said ; to Levi., "Follow me." And the Bible says that Levi' left all j rose up, and follo\^ed Him. He became Jesus' disciple. - How Levi had a house of his own. He made a great feast for his new Master. He invited many of his '.. t '. publican friends and others, too. The proud scribes "" and Pharisees noticed this and began again to criticize Jesus. .. They asked Him, "Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?" But Jesus answered them, "They that are whole (or well) need not a physician; but they that are sick. I came not to call the righteous , : but. sinners tc repentence." Jesus came to call men like Levi and all of us. to repentence. Many of the proud Jews would scorn to associate with publicans. But Jesus called one to, be His disciple. No doubt Levi was sorry for his sins, but he did the right thing to leave. all and follow Jesus. He also invited his . friends to the feast so they too could know and follow Him. Children, we can all decide now that; we want to follow Jesus the way Levi did. When we follow Jesus, He wants us to leave all that would keep us from serv- ing well. And He wants us to invite our friends, too. This same Levi was also called Matthew. He. was one of the twelve apostles', and he wrote the book of Matthew, the first book of the New Testament. Read about Levi In Luke 5:27-32 and Matthew 9:9, — L.C. . THE. . ; PILGRIM ' BIBLE ^ CHARACTERS "HARY-GF BSTHaKI Mary ? the sister of Martha and Lacaru-s, was one of the devoted women who played an important part in Jesus* life while He was here on earth. After Jesus -had fin- ished His teaching at the Kourit of Olives He told His disciples' that He would be betrayed and crucified after two days at the feast of the passover. While Jesus was in Bethany at the' house of Simon the' leper, Mary took an alabaster box of very precious ointment and poured" it oh .His 'head as He sat at meat', ' When His disciples complained about the waste of the ointment and how it could have been scld" : and given to the' poor, Jesus "said , "Why trouble ye the *woman? : for she' hath wrought- a good word upon me. For ye have the poor always with you, but 'me ye 'have not always. For In that she hath poured this ointment on my -body, she did it for my burial. •■ ■< Verily. I say unto you, -Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there shall this, that this woman hath done be told for a memorial of her." (Matthew 2-6:6-13 also Mark 14:?-?} While Matthew and Mark do not say what the" woman's name was, John records it as being Mary, the sister of Lazarus and Martha. (John 11 r2 also John 12:3} John records Mary anointing the feet cf of Jesus and wiping them with her hair, truly an act of love and devotions It seeded that she alone believed Jesus when He said He was going to die. In Luke 10:38-42 we have the account of Jesus being in the home of Martha. Her sister Mary sat at Jesus 1 ' feet' and heard- : His word. Martha was cumbered about much serving and came to Jesus and said, "Lord, dost thou n'ot care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me/ 1 Jesus' answer came, '-'Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things: But one thing is needful and Mary hath -chosen thai good part, which shall not be taken away from her. ..-;.. Let us be like Mary and hear the words of Jesus and believe. : : -, : . . .—Joseph L. Cover • < Sonora, California THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 JUNE, 1965 NO. 6 n Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:11 SPIRIT SO HOLY Spirit so holy. Spirit of love, Spirit so gentle, sent from above; Priceless possession, purchase of 'blood, Good beyond measure, Gift of our Lord. Spirit of wisdom. Spirit of light, Spirit of knowledge, showing the right; Guide us and teach us, fully to know All that in Jesus God would bestow. Spirit so humble, Spirit so meek, Spirit so kindly, helping the weak;' Work in and through us, make us to be Lowly and loving, yielding to Thee;; Spirit of power, Spirit of God, Spirit of burning, work through Thy Word';' Search us and sift us, spare not the dross., Show us that self life ends at the cross. by D. W. Whittle Selected from "Life Songs" THE PILGRIM is a religious magaiine published monthly in the interests of the members of Ths Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Coyer; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Address: THjE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. "WITNESSES UNTO ME n "It is not for you to know the times or the seasons which the Father hath put in his own power. But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth/* (Acts 1:7,8) These are the last recorded words of Jesus before He ascended. He also blessed His disciples "and as he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven." No wonder they worshipped Him and stood gazing after Him even after the cloud received Him out of their sight I No wonder they returned to Jerusalem with great joy and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. No wonder they continued with one accord in prayer and supplication. These men had a mission to fulfill. But first they must tarry in Jerusalem until they were given the power to fulfill it. I wish we could grasp the importance and the great- ness of this time. Jesus 1 ministry as a man on earth was over. The great price was paid and the victory was won. Satan was overcome and cast out, but his time on earth was not over yet a Some of his greatest battles against God's kingdom were still to come. Jesus 1 dis- ciples had inquired about this kingdom, "Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?" Though the disciples were still somewhat mistaken as to the character of His kingdom, the Lord did not say that this would never be done. Surely there will be a true King of Israel when Jesus will reign as King of kings. He is the only one who is worthy to reign, and He will certainly be a King over Israel and the whole world. But His answer shows that it is not for them or us to THE PILGRIM know just when , for the Father has put this in His '"'t>wn power/But these disciples, too, were to receive power- power to witness and carry on the -cause of the Lord— to spread His kingdom. ■*■ ■ : ■ The commission given to this group of disciples led by the twelve was enormous. They must have realized their inability to carry this out without extra power 1 as their continuation in prayer and supplication would Indicate » But the promise of Jesus was fulfilled and their prayers were answered when they received the bap- tism of the Holy Ghost on the day of- Pentecost. After that ^ we can see the' effect of the new power in their lives, their wondering about the times, their quarrels about who would be greatest, 'their times of forsaking their Lord were all over. Now they turned to their task as witnesses with true purpose and real power. Now Peter could speak with certainty about the fulfill- ing of the ' prophecy of Joel which said that God would pour out His Spirit upon all flesh. He could charge the changeable crowd that, "Jesus of Nazareth, a man'-, approved of God among you... ye have taken, and by - wicked, hands have crucified and slain." He could call them to repent and be baptised and assure them 'that -the promise of the Holy Ghost and His power was unto them and to their children and- to all, even as many as God: would call, flow the disciples could endure calmly the persecution that .the Lord had told them wa's sure to come. They could even rejoice that they were accounted worthy to suffer for the cause of Christ. These were the witnesses — the eye-witnesses of the ministry, death and resurrection of the Lord. Their message was simple but -it was given with power. They could say "We were there." '"We saw Him." "Our hands have handled the Word of Life*" There could be no doubt in their hearts since the Holy Ghost had come and given them the power to witness and work for the Lord. Now Peter and John could answer Annas, Caiaphas and their kindred, (Acts 4r20) "For we cannot but spe'ak the things which we have seen and heard." The work of the disciples of Jesus of that time is over now. The story of their work is on record. But 4 - --...- . THE PILGRIM God' 1 s woirk on earth is not over.- It will go forward just as He promised , "and the gates" of hell shall not prevail against it. But just as the Lord used His dis- ciples then to witness for Him, even so He wants to" : work through His people now. The scripture "Ye shall be witnesses unto me ♦.."still applies today. We have the same power available: the promise of the Holy Ghost is unto us. Let us remember that the work we are called -to carry on is not our own. We have just a small part In the great work of the Lord. Jesus said, (John 4:38} "I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: other men laboured , and ye are entered into their la- bours.' 1 I like the prayer of the disciples soon after Pentacost when Peter and John were threatened and com- manded not to teach in the name of Jesus. The record says j "They lifted up their voice to God with one ac- cord, arid said. Lord; thou art God, which hast made heaven, arid earth, and the sea, and all that in them ; - is... And now, Lord, behold -their threatenings: 'and grant unto thy servants, that with all boldness they' ; " may speak' thy word, "By stretching forth thine hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done by the name of thy holy child- Jesus. 1 ' They knew that the power for the work must come from above. After this prayer by this devoUt assembly, the record says, "The place was shaken where 'they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness. And the multitude of them that believed* were of one heart and of one. soul; neither said any of them that ought of the things which he possessed was his own; but they had all things common. And with great power gave the apostles witness of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon ' them all, (Acts 4:31-33) Here is an example of yielded men arid women, the supplying of the power of the Holy Ghost, and the resulting witness, preaching of the word and. great grace from God. It is easy to get sidetracked into the same sort of error these disciples were in before they received the power of the Holy Ghost. We can dispute about who will THE PILGRIM be the greatest. Vie can begin to.. wonder about "times and seasons". But let us receive the power of the Holy Ghost and get into the work of the .Lord. We can be .wit- nesses, perhaps not eye-witnesses, but witnesses of * what the Lord has done for us. We know. that the Word of God is true, so we can bear witness, to the truth. .Many do not believe that the Bible is God* s 'Word. \_ One large group of Christian professing people are "now taking measures to change their traditional confession upholding the truth and inspiration of God's Word. Under the new confession, if it is adopted,, the Bible.., will' be represented as u the words of men,, conditioned ' by the language, thought forms and literary fashions of the places and times at which they were written.-'. . ' ; As reported in "Newsweek" , this new confession also"' ... holds that Biblical texts "reflect views of life,,' his-, tory and the cosmos which were then current, and the understanding of them requires literary and historical scholarship." This is only one example of the . decep- : '.'. tlon that we must encounter today. ; .... ..", Besides active resistance to the attacks of Satan, the present witness of God's people must include posl^ tive assaults against the strongholds, of ignorance . and unbelief. Through the. inspiration of the Spirit, we can have power to preach the. Gospel and trust the Lord to "add to the Church such as should be saved." In this country we are in the "uttermost part of the earth" from Jerusalem. We should be so thankful that the wit- ness has been carried this far. And as long as there, are unbelievers in the world, there will be a need for, this witness to continue. The commission given to God*s people is enormous to- day. But God is able to supply the power if His people are willing. "Greater is He that is in you, than he that is in the world." — L.C. Then saith he unto his disciples, The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few; Pray ye there- fore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest. (Matthew 9:37,38) THE PILGRIM . f ..... .;:. .■ : . DOES LAUGHTER RING TRUE? Today there are many artificial means used to cause people to laugh* Clowns at circuses invite laughter; comedians on radio and television tease people into laughter. Actors and actresses will actually make fools put of themselves to bring a smile to someone's face. Apparently the commercial world sees a need to cheer up men, women, and children. Comedians can make people laugh on the outside, hut, they cannot make people laugh on the inside. When one hears" the message of the Gospel and responds to it by accepting the Lord Jesus Christ as his Saviour from sin, joy bubbles up from the inside. When a Christian has tests, trials, and disappointments, joy is the stamp indelibly impressed on his outlook. Any- one can have a form of joy when everything is going his way, but only those who have given the Lord com- plete control of their lives have joy when the going is contrary to everything normal and calm. ' Joy looks upon the uninvited and normally unpleasant things in life as ordered of the Lord. The Christian's outlook cannot help but be joyful when he is aware that the Lord is controlling his life. However, joy fades when one takes the controlling of his life in his own hands. We cannot have joy and be concerned about planning or worrying over each' event of our lives. Joy spontaneously flows when we commit our way into the hands of the Lord and let Him lead and direct day by day. Our only concern should be to listen to His orders and obey him. " When the heart is full of joy, It doesn't necessari- ly mean the mouth is. opened in constant laughter. Joy Is deeper than the mouth, but God's joy in the heart will change the appearance of the countenance. Joy will radiate from the face without the mouth being opened in conspicuous laughter.-. ■ "The. God. .of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing 11 — believing in Christ; believing in- God' s will and way; believing in His Word; believing the Holy Spirit; believing God when no one believes you. (Romans THE PILGRIM 15:13)' Yield to God in every part of your life and be filled with joy I — Beryl Musselman Selected from "Evangel Herald 11 . . WHAT I LIVE FDR I live for those who love me^ Whose hearts are kind and true] For the Heaven that smiles above me, And awaits my spirit too; For all human ties that bind m& $ :For the task my. God assigned me, For the bright hopes left behind me, And the good that I can do. I live to learn their story, Who suffered for my sake; To emulate their glory And follow In their wake; Bards, patriots^ martyrs, sages, The noble of all ages, Whose deeds crown history* s pages, And time's great volume make. I live to hail that season, By gifted minds foretold, When man shall live by reason, And not alone by gold; When man to man united, And every wrong thing righted, The whole world shall be lighted As Eden was of old. I live for those who love me, For those who know me true; For the Heaven that smiles above me, And awaits my spirit, too; For the cause that needs assistance, For the wrongs that need resistance. For the future in the distance, And the good that .1 can do. —Selected "by a. friend THE " PILGRIM' OBITUARY- . MOHLER— MAZIE ELLEN, daughter of Elder Amos Hyre and Mary (Denlinger) Hyre, was born on a farm in Montgomery County, Ohio — where she spent the greater part of her life — on November 6, 1881, and crossed over the mystical river on April 28, 1965, at the age of 83 years, 5 months and 22 days. At the age of 13 she was baptized bj Elder Henry Filbrun upon her confession of faith in Jesus Christ as her Savior. She was joined in marriage with David Mohler on June 10, 1902, which union was terminated by death just short of 63 years duration. Surviving are her aged husband; one daughter, Miriam Hansen, Dayton; two sons, Hubert, Troy; and Horace, Trotwood; one sister, Orpha M. Hyre; five grandchildren; one great-grandchild; a number of nieces and nephews; and many friends. She was keenly interested in Christian music, and took pleasure in singing hymns and songs. She was very fond of flowers and other growing things. She was alert to the affairs of the Christian Church and community, and shared office for many years with her husband in the ministry of the Word of life. It was her belief that her Lord was pre-eminent, and that her footsteps were ordered by Him, even though at times through weary ways. Within the last year she was a hospital patient three times, and endeared herself to her ro ornate s, nurses and doctors. A victim of cancer, she bore quietly the de- terioration of health, and passed into that other world after seemingly being blessed by the reading of Romans 8:18-39 and bedside prayer. Decease took place In Good Samaritan Hospital, Dayton, as the city clocks were sounding the hour of noon. She had expressed a desire to go "home" . Private services for the enfeebled husband were con- ducted on the morning of May 1 at the. Rogers Funeral Home, Trotwood, by Elders J. William Killer and Paul Clark. Public services in the afternoon of the same day were held- adjacent to the burying site in the house of the Brethren in Christ, Englewood, by Elders Paul Clark, Floyd W r agoner and Lon Karns. 'Text in both services was the passage cited above. Hymns used were numbers 456 and 494. Thus with this first break in the immediate cir- cle, our interests are so much the more upon that "city which hath foundations." — The Family THE PILGRIM Pfetetcal PROPHECY AND ITS FULFILLMENT CONCERNING BABYLON / by J. W. Southwocd \ 'What was more anciently called "the land of Shinar" was later called n the : land of Chaldea n or "the land of Chaldeans. 11 Its capital was the great and. noted city Babylon. From what we can learn it was*' built on both sides of the Euphrates river; the two divisions connected by a bridge which was over three thousand feet long, and thirty feet wide. It was also connected by a tunnel which was constructed under the river. One historian says the city was surrounded by a wall fifty-six miles long, eighty- five feet broad, and three hundred and thirty-seven ana one half feet high. Another says it was nearly forty-two miles, long, sixty feet broad, and three. hundred feet high. Still others give figures somewhat varying from these. As there seems to have been a double line of walls 3 the proba- bility is that some refer to the inner. s„nc, some to the outer walls, Josephus auotes Berosus^ the Chaldean historian as claiming three wails. (See Josephus Against Apion, Book 1, verse 19.) The wall was said to contain two hundred and fifty towers. Speaking of this city, the prophet Jeremiah cays, w Though Babylon should mount up. to heaven., and though she should fortify the height of her strength, yet from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the Lord. 11 Again, "Thus saith the Lord of hosts; The broad walls t of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates l shall be burned with fire'. " (Jeremiah 51:53,58) Babylon readied its greatest height of grandeur and fortified strength during the reign of King Uebuchad- nezzar. Within its wall were the king's palaces,, parks, orchards, and the renowned "hanging gardens." This great city with all its grandeur and beauty was 10 THE- PILGRIM- called ''the beauty of the Chaldee's excellency." (Isaiah 13:19) This beauty and grandeur seems to have caused them to become proud, (see Jeremiah 50:31*32) and covetous (Jeremiah 51:13) and to strive against the Lord, (Jeremiah 50:24) .. They became also the "vengence of the Lord 11 and his temple. This caused the Lord to purpose a punishment of destruction of this great city, that it should nevermore be Inhabited. As there is so much' prophecy bearing upon this subject I will kindly ask the reader to first read Isaiah, 13: 17-22, 14:22", 23, and 21:9- When Isaiah sent forth this prediction, Babylon was a -flourishing city as this was over seven hundred years before Christ. And so the city continued for more than a hundred years, growing more and still more prosperous. But neverthe- less, Jeremiah comes forth with still more lengthy prophesies against this great city. Please read chap- ters 50 and 51 of Jeremiah. After Jeremiah sent forth, his predictions the city remained for perhaps more than a quatrter of a century, perhaps more that one hundred and fifty years after Isaiah's prophecy before the city was taken by the united forces of the Medes and Persians under the leadership of Gyrus the first, King of Persia about 538 B.C. During the reign of Darius Hystaspes, the third from Cyrus, Babylon revolt- ed, but after a twenty month's siege it was again sub- dued. After this king's death Babylon began to de- cline but still continued under the rule of ten more Persian kings till 330 B.C. when Alexander the- Great, the twentieth king, of Macedon captured the city. From that time it declined more rapidly until the fifth century after" Christ when it became uninhabited and a desolate ruin. as I shall more fully describe as I proceed. ' Mo re. that a hundred years before Gyrus was born- the prophet Isaiah comes forth prophetically and names . ■ ■ Cyrus and states how the two-leafed gates shall open before him. It reads, T1 Thus saith the Lord to his. . anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden^ to subdue nations before him; and I will, loose ; the . i; loins of kings, to open before him the two-leafed, v ; ; THE PILGRIM 11; gates; and the gates shall not be shut; I "will go be— fore thee j and make the crooked places straight; ; I -. will break 'in pieces the gates of brass, and cut- ; -,; asunder the bars of iron. And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of - secret: ■< places, that rthou mayst know that I, the Lord,' which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel, . (Isaiah. - 45:1-3) And in Isaiah 44:27. we read, "I will dry up thy rivers .. ,? ■ . - •• When Cyrus the Great besieged the city, he dried, t^p the Euphrates river which ran through the city by ; . : ... turning the water irito an artificial lake, so it is stated. . He then divided his army Into two parts and marched .one part into the city at the .ingress and the other at the egress of. the river and found n the two- leafed gates 11 leading , from the . river into , the city, - left open through neglect, so he marched "into the city breaking the "gates of brass , " and cutting the. "bars of iron," and thus got possession of the "treasures . j of darkness, and hidden -riches of secret places.^" :; , "The Lord hath raised up the kings of the Me'des^ 1 -.- (Jeremiah ;:51:ll) "So up.O Elim, . (changed to Persia'}. . besiege Media." (Isaiah 21:2) It was also prophe- sied that these nations should be aided by others. "Fr&pare against her the nations with the kings of the Medea." (Jeremiah 51:28) "I will cause to go against Babylon an assembly of great nations from .the north,- country." . - While it was prophesied that Babylon. should be : ; taken by the Medes and Persians under Cyrus as already stated, it was also predicted that they were to .be -, \ assisted by.natiqns from the- north as. above quoted. The Armenians, Phyganls, Lydians, and Capidocians a#§. all expressly mentioned, and so fulfills this part of this prophecy, "The mighty men of Babylon have forborne to fight';/ they have remained in their holds; their might hath . failed." (Jeremiah 51:30) When Gyrus approached the city, they went out to battle, but were soon repulsed.: Then they returned and remained within during, a two . year siege, and were then taken as before described, 12 ' '". THE "PILGRIM: and .so : fulfilled this and also another prophecy which reads , ft l have, laid a ■ snare for thee, and thou art also taken, Babylon, and thou wast not aware." (Jeremiah $0:24)— •; "Babylon. is suddenly fallen," (Jeremiah 51:8) n 0ne post shall, run to meet another, and... one messenger to meet another, to show the king of -Babylon that his city is taken at one end." (Jeremiah 51-30) The city was.- so suddenly, taken while they, were feasting that those- at the farther end or even those in the center knew, nothing of it till apprised of it as predicted. "In their heat will I make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, , that they may rejoice and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, : saith the Lord." (Jer- emiah 51: 39* See also Daniel .5J It seems that Gyrus wag aware of this condition, and so took advantage of, the opportunity offered. , : "In, one day two things, loss of children, and. widow- hood shall come upon them." ( Isaiah- 47:9} About eight- een years after the city was taken by Cyrus, and while under the rule of Darius Hystaspes, as before mentioned, Babylon revolted, and another siege followed during which, in order to save their provisions, the Babylon- ians put to- death all their children and all their females- excepting one to each family.,- -See, how mi- nutely this prophecy was fulfilled. As of course, no widows were left. "They are cruel and will not show mercy." (Jeremiah .50:42) "The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken and her high gates burned with fire." -(Jeremiah 50:. 5.8) ■ As. soon as Darius, as named above, gained posses- sion-,, which was after twenty months 1 siege, he put to death 3^000 by c rue if let ion and broke down the greater part of the walls and removed the one hundred gates which; were of brass and melted them with fire. Notice how the -predictions were fulfilled. .'; 'The prophecy -had gone forth that Babylon should be ruined, uninhabited, a desolate heap of ruins. "Cast her up- as- heaps, and destroy her utterly." (Jeremiah 51:37) One traveler says, "Vast heaps constitute all THE PILGRIM 13 that now remains of ancient Babylon. 11 Another says, "The ruins consist of mounds of earth, formed of the decomposition of buildings." : Even the infidel Volney says, "Nothing is left of Babylon but heaps of earth." "I will also make ■' it a- possession for the bittern, and, pools of water." (Isaiah 14:23) One writer says, "For a long time after the subsiding of the Euphrates, large deposits of water are^ left stagnant in the hol- lows between the ruins. n " ' * "It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation." (Isaiah 13:20) History informs us that Babylon has been in this ruined condition, uninhabited by man for about fourteen hun- dred years and that its condition utterly precludes its ever again being inhabited. "Neither shall the Arabian pitch tents there." (Isaiah 13:20) "The dread of wild beasts" and "the superstitious fear of ghosts" prevent the Arabs from camping among Its ruins." "Neither shall the shepherds make their folds there." (Isaiah 13:20) This spot whlch ; was once , fertile, now contains no pasture for flocks./. .This, 'together with the wild beasts deter the shepherds from , folding their flocks there. "But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there." (Isaiah 13:21) 'Travelers who have visited these ruins tell us they are inhabited by lions, wolves, hyenas, jackals, wild hogs, porcupines, owls, bats, etc. "It shall be desplate; every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished." (Jeremiah 50:13) When Volney visited the site he exclaimed, "0 ye solitary ruins t" Keppel said, "A more complete picture of desolation could not well be imagined." MIgnan says, "I cannot portray the overpowered sensations of rever- ential awe that possessed my mind while contemplating the extent and magnitude of ruin and devastation on every side." Skeptics, why doubt? Infidels, why disbelieve in the revelation of a God? Atheists, why deny the exist- 14 THE PILGRIM ..e.Dce...o£ a God? When:.. such wonderful predictions- that w§re uttered hundreds of years before and were and are- still, fulfilled. It is an undeniable evidence of the; truthfulness of this .prophecy and its fulfillment. "Babylon that walked in pride , now sleeps a shape- less jrain.. 1 - 1 ; ■ .; , .,, ... •;;••• : .j — From the January,. 1900 "Vindicator" ","-'' ' , • • Selected by Daniel F, .Wolf : *■ -. -" ■- • ■ HIMN STUDY ; ."",' . ■'■ ' ALMOST PERSUADED "Almost. pprsuaded ," now to believe; "Almost persuaded," Christ to recieve; Seems ■ now some soul to- say,, .. '.'Go, . Spirit, go Thy way, .. Some more convenient day On Thee I'll call." "Almost persuaded," come, come today; "Almost persuaded," turn not away; Jesus invites you here. Angels are lingering near, prayers rise from -hearts so dear, wanderer, come. , ( • "Almost persuaded," 'harvest is pastl "Almost persuaded," doom comes at last I . ■ ■ "Almost" cannot avail; "Almost" is but to faill Sad, sad, that bitter wail, "Almost," but lost. Both the words and tune of this hymn were written by a Mr. Bliss. ■ He was inspired to write the words after hearing a sermon by his friend J the Rev. Mr. Brundage, who had said, "Ke who is almost persuaded is. almost saved, but to be almost saved is to be en- tirely lost." This heart-stirring hymn has played an important role in : converting the sinner to Christ. The THE PILGRIM 15 words bring out the thought that procrastination could be eternally disastrous ♦ The thought which led to the composing of these beautiful words of invitation and also warning is found in Acts 26, The Apostle Paul was brought before King Agrippa by Fe-stus and gave his testimony concerning his faith in Jesus Christ. He said, "King Agrippa, believ- est thou the prophets? I know that thou believest." Then Agrippa said unto Paul, "Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian. " And Paul said, "I would to God, that not only thou, but also all that hear me this day, were both almost, and altogether such as I am, except these bonds. 1 ' Also, when Felix heard Paul reason of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled and answered, ,r Go thy way for this time; when I have a con- venient season, I will call for thee. n These scriptures portray to us the unwillingness of the convicted, sinful heart of man to take the essen- tial step and receive the Lord Jesus Christ. Oh, that men would repent and believe the Gospel that they might be saved! "For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in him should not perish but have everlasting life." — J.L.C. NOTE OF THANKS Vie wish to use this means to express our heartfelt appreciation to all who have so generously contributed to our relief due to the loss incurred In the tornado of April 11, 1965. We pray that the Lord will bless each one for their thcughtfulness. With sincere Christian love, Melvin and Marilyn Coning Harold and Mary Ellen Royer Nothing lies beyond the reach of prayer except that which lies outside the will of God. —Selected 16 THE PILGRIM '""" "■'CHILPREN T S""PAGE " THE TWELVE APOSTLES. When Jesus started His ministry, ''many people followed Him and- gladly "heard the good news of salvation which He told them. Jesus knew from the beginning that He would have to leave' the world, and that the message He brought would have to be carried on by His followers. So one day He called His disciples to Him and chose or "ordained" twelve of them to* be Apostles. These men would be with Jesus and learn from Him and then be the leaders in His new ; Church. Let us find out who these men were. 1. SIMON was called PETER by, Jesus. He was the lead- er of the twelve. "Peter" means "a stone 1 '. 2. ANDREW was Peter's brother and fishing partner on the Sea of Galilee. 3. JAMES was another fisherman. He was the first Apostle to be killed because of his service to Jesus. 4. JOHN was the fourth of the fishing partners. He must have been a young man and was called "that disciple whom Jesus loved. 11 5. PHILLIP was likely a friend of the first four before he was called to follow Jesus. ' 6. 'NATHAMEL or BARTHOLOMEW was a devout Israelite brought to Jesus by Phillip. 7. THOMAS was a twin. He is sometimes called "doubt- ing Thomas" because at first he would not believe that Jesus rose from the- dead. 8. MATTHEW or. LEVI was a publican or tax collector before Jesus called him. 9. JAMES 3 the son of Alphaeua was sometimes called "James the Less". Later., he became a leader vvith Peter. 10. JUDAS, also called LEPAEUS or TBADAEUS was the brother of James the Less. 11. SIMON the Canaanite or Simon Zelotes. 12. JUDAS ISCARIOT was the. one who later betrayed Jesus. (MATTHIAS- was chosen later -to take- Judas 1 place.) See If you can learn and remember the names o,f these twelve Apostles, Find them listed , In Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, and Luke 6:14-16. — L.C. THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 JULY, 1965 NO. 7 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul/' 1 Peter 2: 1 1 THE WORLD'S BIBLE -.;.- Christ has no hands but our hands, To do his work today; He has no feet but our feet, To lead men in His way; He has no tongue but our tongues, To tell men how He died; He has no help but, our help, To bring them : to His side. We are the only Blbte The careless world will read; . We are the sinners' gospel, We are the scoffers 1 creed; We are the Lord's last message, - Given in deed and word* What if the type be crooked? What if the print be blurred? What if our hands are busy With other work than His? What if our feet are walking Where sinners allurement is? What if our tongues are speaking Of things His. lips would spurn?" How can we hope to help Him To hasten His return? By Annie Johnston Flint Selected by Martha' Cover THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1(60, ^Sonora, Calif. THE WATER OF LIFE Perhaps one of the greatest problems of our time is the one of providing an adequate supply of fresh water for the ever increasing demand of our rapidly expanding cities and industries,, In order to do this it is often necessary to construct enormous dams to impound rivers , build many miles of conduit > drill deep into the sub- terranean reservoirs of the earth and spend millions of dollars for research to discover economically fea- sible methods of desalting sea water. Water is recognized- as one of our most precious re- sources due to the fact that all forms of life are wholly dependent upon its availability in one way or another in order to exist. It is claimed that it is impossible to destroy water , and that since the creation, not one. drop has been lost from the earth , but has been used over and over again by plants, animals, humans and every other form of life. When any living thing dies, the water that is in it goes back into the great system and is again ready to be used. What a wonderful arrangement this Is, and how comparable to .the great system of life. The scriptures tell us that God has life in Himself, and that with Him is the fountain of life. (John 5:26, Psalms 36:9) No doubt Jesus astonished the people when He stood and cried, "If any man thirst, let him dome unto me and drink. He that believeth on me, .as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water." (But this spake he of the Spirit which they that believe on him' should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified. ) It is in regards to this remarkable comparison of the Holy Spirit to the fluid so vital to our natural existence that we would like to bring a few thoughts. THE 'PILGRIM .It is immediately evident that it is: equally/. neces- sary, for us to partake of this; spiritual water in. order to ;live spiritually as it is to drink -natural water for the -sustenance of our natural r -bodies* The water of life, we believe , is the- Holy Spirit which God has promised to give to all ■those-' who- will come to Him and become -His' children through : ' faith in the Lord Jesus Christ . and obedience to His word, We have a wonderful account of a conversation' be- tween our Lord Jesus and a woman of Samaria about this water in the fourth chapter of St. John.* Jesus, after .having asked her for <a drink of water from the well of Jacob to refresh Himself "as He rested from His journey, declared in the ensuing conversation that had she known the gift of God, and who it was that had asked a drink of her, that she would have asked of Him, and that He would have given her living water. She, of course, did not comprehend His words, but questioned Him as to how it would be possible for Him to do this, in view of the fact that He had no means by which to draw, . The answer was: '"Whosoever drinketh of this wator- shall thirst again: but whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; bat the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life." What a pleasant sight it is to see a thirsty person, or even an animal or bird quench his thirst.- Vie have experienced times when the trees and other vegetation suffered" for lack of. .water, and how glad, we were when, the refreshing rains came to revive them again and cause them to flourish,' Often times the natural things of God's creation are figurative of the spiritual, and we, believe this to be true of the subject here considered. As we all know, nothing can equal the thirst, quenching goodness of pure, cold water when we feel parched and weary physically. Just so, there, is nothing that can satisfy the. raging thirst of the .famished soul except the Holy Spirit of God, the "water that springeth up into everlasting life." Jesus assures, us that If we give so much as a cup of cold water to one of His little ones in the name of a 4 THE PILGRIM disciple , we shall in no wise lose our reward. How much more wonderful and blessed it is to lead thirsty souls to Jesus who can give them the water of life I There is no problem here as to whether the supply is adequate. The source is eternal arid the supply unlimit- ed. The invitation to come and drink includes everyone who will believe on Jesus Christy the Son of God, There is no question as to the desire of the Divine Giver of this life sustaining water that all should come and drink. In the closing chapter of the Revela- tion/ we read: '"And the Spirit and the bride say, Come, And let -him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely." — Marvin B. Crawmer Long Barn, California TRANSFORMATION The natural heritage and original state of humanity is instinctively undone, incomplete, and none good, no not -one— carnal, and out of full relationship with God- in isolation and out of harmony with God. The two fundamental powers of GOOD and EVIL were in conflict from the very beginning of the world, and, strange as it may seem, evil seems to have been in the ascendency from the beginning to the present time, and evidently will be until the Almighty God will make the great transformation of all evil into good, of sin into righteousness, of the present evil world into a world of unblemished beauty and sublime holiness, free from every taint and spot, of holiness and eternal felicity. .In Genesis 6:5 we read, "And God saw that the wicked- .ness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually," And because of this, the Lord brought a great transformation through the destruction of evil -through the flood. ' But soon sin revived and as the. transformation was imperfect, it did not endure. But God in the conflict with evil will not be defeated in THE PILGRIM His great plan of the. ages. In- the eternal realm will 'exist the heighth of glory free from every disturbing factor, and the former sorrows and displeasures of earth will be remembered no more, - Can man ever reach this region of perfection by his own resources? Most assuredly not. But the Son of God, our blessed Jesus, has instituted a way by which all who will can find the needed transformation to fit and prepare them for that time when the restitution of all things will have come, and the glory of the Lord -will be revealed, and all will know Him from the least to the greatest, converted or unconverted. The simple words of Divine revelation (Romans 12} give the sure road to this essential change that must fit us for divine acceptance. "And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind." "If any man be in Ghrist he is a new crea- ture: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new," What great transformation, new. desires, new joys, new hopes in the translation from mortality to immortality, from this earthly sphere to. a new heaven and a new earth! This is the great, transformation when we see no more "through a glass darkly, . but face to face," ' , -•■•;.«:. The apostle Peter exclaimed in Act-? 3 $ "Repent ye therefore, and 'bo converted, that your sins -may be blotted out, when the time of refreshing shall come ' from the presence of the Lord, and he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: .-. whom the heaven must receive until the time of RESTITUTION- of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began." . Then the message of the angel Gabriel to Mary the mother of Jesus shall have "come .into full fruitage-; "Thou shalt con- ceive iri thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:-. -And he shall reign over- the house "of Jacob for ever; and of his king- dom there shall be no end." Oh 'what a transformation when the insufficiencies of THE PILGRIM earth will be no more, and out of the perfection of beauty God will shine, Jesus being King over all the earth 1 Then there will be no more sin, sorrow, or vex- ation of spirits, but endles.s felicity in His Holy . Presence — away from the horrors of the judgement of the wicked, who fail to become transformed from the kingdom of darkness into the kingdom of the Lord Jesus, whose blood on Calvary for them has been spilt in vain. Who would not choose to seize the precious opportunity to become sons and daughters of God. through. reformation and become heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ and partake pf His goodness and wonderful works to the children of men? —David A. Skiles Rossville , Indiana ON DEATH AND RESURRECTION What is the meaning of the Christian hope in this life? A life after death? A tiny soul which, like a butterfly, flutters away above the grave -and is still preserved somewhere, in order to live on immortally? That is not the Christian hope. "1 believe in the resurrection of the body." Body in the Bible is qviite simply man — man, moreover, under the sign of sin. And to this man it is said, "Thou shalt rise again." Resurrection means not the continuation of life, but life's completion. n We shall be changed," (l Corinth- ians 1-5) does not mean that a quite different life begins, but that " this corruptible must put on incor- ruption." Then it will be manifest that "death Is swallowed up in victory." That which is sown in dis- honor and weakness will rise again in glory and power. The Christian hope does not lead us away from this life. It Is the conquest of death, not a flight into the Beyond. — Selected^ by Guy Hootman The joys of earth are imperfect, unsatisfying, and short; but the joys of Heaven are pure, perfect, satis- fying, and eternal. —Selected THE PILGRIM USING SPARE MOMENTS Going through Elgin on the way to Chicago you pass through eleven traffic lights. Once, and only once, did I hit them all green. There is a way to slow down in the .middle of the block and give the red time to change, but in normal driving you have to stop at half of them. One day I began to think about this time-out period. What do you think about when the yellow catches you at an intersection? There you sit for half a minute. Do you leave your thoughts to chance? Do you allow the advertisements, the pedestrians, the moving cars to dictate your thinking? Or do you just sit there griping about red lights, Itching for the moment when you can race the car beside you into the next block? I started checking on my, attitude at red lights and got disgusted. So I tried an experiment. I found a twenty-eight second poem (that r s the time on most of our lights) and attached it to the sun visor. When I hit a red light, I pulled down the visor and read this beau- tiful nature poem. When I finished the. light had changed and I drove on. Soon I had it memorized so I .could say it while looking around. The first line was "Open my eyes that I might see beauty "In every tattered tree." I .was amazed by the beauty of "Elgin street cor- ners that I discovered for the first time. My attitude towards red lights has changed considerably. - Sometimes I welcome them. I have learned to keep from watching the 'lights like a hawk when I am second in-line.' I let the other drivers concentrate on colors while I concen- trate' on poetry. I haven't honked at a slow-reacting .driver in months. After learning one poem I turned to .others,- and now find myself building a poetry stock pile which is invaluable for informal vesper occasions, prayer meetings and meditation. Also it's fun to memorize hymns that way. Everyone has such blank periods in the day. They may come while you are washing' the dishes, riding a bus or milking cows. Life can be immeasureably enriched by us- ing such odd moments as opportunities to taste of beauty and things spiritual. By Don Snyder in "Horizons" THE PILGRIM HIMN STUDY AM I A SOLDIER OF THE CROSS? Born in 1674, in the stormy days of Nonconformity, Isaac Watts was the founder of modern church singing. Although his hymns were numerous only a few have gained print . Io spite of ill health during most of his seventy- five years, Watts lived in happy circumstances at the home of his fast friends. Sir Thomas and Lady Abney. And there It was that he wrote many of his hymns. In his early years when studying for the Nonconfor- mist church , Watts became tutor to the children of Sir John Hartopp, and throughout the years, they always showed a warm friendship for their former kindly and tolerant master* The young man, -Doddridge, who was also a Nonconform- ist minister, and afflicted, too, with poor health, formed a profound admiration for Isaac Watts who was his senior by thirty years, but with whom he had much In common. Whenever Doddridge heard a new hymn by Isaac Watts, .. he would write to congratulate him. Here is an extract from one such letter; u 0n Tuesday last I was. preaching . to a large assembly of plain country people at a village a few miles off, when after a sermon from Hebrews 6, we sang one of your hymns. I had the satisfaction to ob- serve tears in the eyes of several of the people'. 11 Isaac Watts wrote this hymn in 1709. That Sunday morning h±s # congregation at Mark Lane Church 1 had been arrested by his earnest sermon on the. Christian, warfare as portrayed in the lesson for that day, I Corinthians 16:13 > "Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you- like men, be strong." No one knew better than Watts the power of song up- on the masses, but It was many years before joyful melody became the custom, in churches. The hymns pf Watts are as popular today as when they were written two hundred years ago. THE PILGRIM Am I a soldier of the Cross , A follower of the Lamb? And shall I fear to' own" His cause, ' ** Or blush to speak His Name? Must I be carried to the skies On flowery beds of ease? While others fought to win the prize , And sailed through bloody seas? Are there no foes for me to -face? Must! not stem the flood? Is this vile world a friend to grace , To help me on to God? < Sure I must fight if I would reign; Increase- my courage, Lordl I'll bear thertoily endure. the pain, Supported by Thy Word. Thy saints, in all this glorious war,. Shall, conquer, though they die; They view the triumph from afar, And seise it with their eye. When that illustrious day shall rise, And all Thine armies shine In robes of victory through. the skies, The glory shall' be Thine'. Selected from "Stories of Wonderful Hymns 11 by Kathleen Blanchard." ..' UNTO THEE Not for the eyes of. meji, May this day's work be done, But unto Thee, .0 God, That, with the setting sun, My heart may know the matchless' prise Of sure approval in 'Thine eyes, — Selected : 10 THE PILGRIM WE HAVE AN ANCHOR ■ ■ Will your- anchor hold In the storms -of life? When the clouds unfold their wings of strife? When the strong tides lift, and the -cables strain Will your anchor drift , or firm remain? We have an anchor that keeps the soul Steadfast and sure while the billows roll. Fastened to the Rock which cannot move, Grounded firm and deep in the Savior's love. It is safely moored; r twill, the storm withstand, For T tis well secured by the Savior's hand, And the cables passed' from His heart .to mire Can defy the blast through strength divine. It will firmly hold in the straights of fear When the breakers have told the reef is near. 'Though the tempest rave and the wild, winds blow, Not an. angry wave shall our bark o'er flow. It will surely hold in the floods .of death, When the waters cold chill our latest breath. On the rising tide it can never fail While our hopes abide within the veil. When our eyes behold through the gathering night The, city of gold, our harbor bright, We shall anchor fast by the heavenly shore. .;■•. With the storms all past forever more. - By William J. Kirkpatrick Hebrews 6:18,19 Selected by Orpha Barton The best of earth shall still remain, And Heaven 1 s eternal years shall prove That life and death and. joy. and pain Are ministers' of -love. 4 ' . '•'..'• ■John Green-leaf Whittier Selected by Guy Hootman THE PILGRIM 11 Ptstetcal Beginning with this issue , we hope to publish some . historical material dealing with the. Reformation period of the Church. We will begin with biographies and writings of some of the prominent reformers. This is an interesting and important - period in the history of the Church. It would be rewarding for anyone who is interested to make it an individual study because the- small amount of material that we can publish in "The Pilgrim" will hardly do it justice. May God be' praised for supporting His people in a time of such trial. -Ed. JOHN WYCLIFFE (1320-1334) Though the Reformation is said to have begun in 1517 with Martin Luther's protest, there were many before who taught and suffered for the same cause. One of tte first and most prominent of these was John Wycliffe. He is sometimes called n The Morning Star of the Reforma- tion". Not much is known of his early life, but he was born about 1320 near Richmond in Yorkshire, England. He studied and taught at Oxford University and was of great influence there as a doctor of theology. He is called the foremost schoolman of his day and the .most Influential preacher in England. On July 26, 1374, he was one sent to confer with Pope Gregory XI at Bruges, Belgium to settle differences between the English government and Rome over the ques- tion of church authority.. The church in England at this time was wealthy. Rich and poor were required to pay for escape from hell and purgatory. Much of the wealth of England was in control of the clergy, and it was against this situation that John Wycliffe began his protest. He was in favor of the government's taking over the wealth of the church and requiring the priests to return to simplicity and virtue. He held that only righteousness gave the church right to control property and wealth, and that when they were corrupt, they deserved to lose it, and that the 12 THE PILGRIM government should be the one to bring this about. Wycliffe began to make his views known outside the university," and in 1377 , Archbishop Sudbury summoned him to appear before the bishop of London on February 19. Before he testified, hox^ever, the court was broken up by a brawl and a general riot, and Wycliffe escaped. On May 22, Gregory XI- issued five bulls condemning Wycliffe 1 s writings. They were addressed, to the arch- bishop of Canterbury- and the bishop of London, the university of Oxford, and the king. The university was to send Wycliffe to the bishops who. were .to examine him and report to the pope on the. charges, and 'Wycliffe was to be held in prison. This was not carried out for three reasons: the bishops shifted the responsibility to the^ university to make the report; the university questioned the right of the pope to order a man in England to be imprisoned; and the king died on June 21. Wycliffe continued to teach and write against the papacy. He did not object to having a pope as long as •he ruled rightly. But lie labeled the pope at that time as the Antichrist. He attacked the doctrine of tran- substantiation as blasphemous folly overthrowing the very nature o.£ a sacrament.. The theologians of the university xvere aroused at this and condemned his writ- ings. Later,- however,, some of the- same theologians supported him against the. archbishop 1 s attack. By now Wycliffe was persuaded that the common people needed light and help. With the help of his friends, Nicholas Hereford and John Purvey, he translated the Bible into English. This version. of the Bible issued in 1388, and his many tracts and sermons written in 'English gave him the title of founder of English prose. To further help the common people, Wycliffe trained and sent out men known. as n poor priests". They were not clergymen but traveled among the people preaching the doctrines of Christ simply and in English.' Though, harfassed and condemned by the church author- ities, John Wycliffe continued to write his' views. One of 'his foremost teachings was that the Bible' is the. highest .source of truth and that it contains all that is necessary for man's salvation. In 1382 or 1383, . THE PILGRIM 13 Wycliffe suffered a stroke and died on December 31 , 1384. Influential as he was in his lifetime, his doctrines did not become popular in his own country. His work was carried on for a century and a half by simple men known as "Lollards" who were severely persecuted. Some of their. leaders were tortured and burned at the stake. Yet they taught simplicity of worship, denounced the mass and papal authority and paved the way for the Reformation. In Bohemia it was quite different. Scholars who re- turned there from England studied and eagerly taught Wycliffe's doctrines. John Huss made his doctrines the national religion in Bohemia. It. was for this teaching that John Huss was tried and burned at the stake. At the same trial John Wycliffe 1 s remains were ordered dug up and burned and scattered on the River Avon. Even so were his teachings condemned but scattered throughout Europe and became seeds for the Reformation over 200' years later. — L.C. (Information from "Encyclopaedia Britannica" and "World Book" ' ' __ __, The following is from one of John Wyciiffe's writings entitled "THE POOR CAITIFF 1 Christ j not compelling, but freely counselling each' man to perfect life, saith thus, "If any man will come^ after me let him deny himself ," and take his cross and follow me/" Luke 9. Then let "us forsake ourselves, such as we have made us in doing sin, and dwell we such as we are made by grace. If a proud man be converted to Christ, and is made meek, he hath forsaken himself. If a covetous man ceaseth to covet, and giveth his own ■' v: things, he hath denied himself* If an* evil liver " % changeth His life, he hath denied himself. The cross of Christ is taken when despi sings for the love of truth are not forsaken, but taken; when the flesh is punished by abstinence, and when compassion and pity towards our neighbour is truly kept; when man is crucified to the world, and the world crucified to him, setting the joy thereof at nought... — From "Great Voices 'of the Reformation" .14 THE .PILGRIM. .'.:: ■:::■ - ■ ; " : : : 'BIBLE CHARACTERS : • :•'.'•• ■ ■": - •'.. V f' ;•: . j - JESUS ■; .. ■ ' . , . Jesus is the , character, of the Bible. H Iri the beginning ,, was -the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word .was, .God. " . In this we see that Jesus was with God from the beginning. Being with; God from -the beginning, Jesus, no. doubt helped in the planning of creation and also in the .plan of redemption. After the fall of man in the Garden, God, promised He would send a Redeemer at an appropriate time and would again restore man in fellowship with. Him. So when the time was come for this to happen, God sent, Jesus, His only Son, down to .earth, to do what He had promised. Jesus came to earth as a little baby in the same way all men do. He no doubt helped His parents and was in subjection to them like all Christian children. He was not very old until He began to expose His wisdom. The learned men' of that day were astonished at His under- standing and answers. Jesus began His teaching at the age of thirty years, and. taught how we can come back in fellowship with God. He taught a new and living way. He taught us how to ■ live and how to overcome this carnal nature, how to continue in this new life, and what the reward will, be if we are faithful unt.o death. - Jesus did many miracles during His ministry — things ■) no pne ever thought couid happen. He healed the sick, calmed the storm, raised the dead and -did many other.; wonderful things.' /. . : : - -, After He .did all He .'could- to convince the people, to . .believe in Him- and be saved., He was taken by His .en- k emies,*: nailed to the cross and' crucified. Even ; in His dying. Moments. He still- showed His love for them by say- ing, "Father, " forgive them; : for they know not what they dd.. n -What, a testimony! HoW earnestly we should tiry to follow in His footsteps. ► ... ■• ..- :. . After Jesus' was- in; the . grave.,. He arose- the- third day THE PILGRIM 15 and was with His disciples forty days. During this time He told them many wonderful things— how He was go- ing to Heaven to prepare a place* for all people who be- lieve in Him, and that He would come back again and take them with Him to the place He has prepared. . He tells some of how this plape is to be, but He says, n Eye has hot seen- nor ear heard the things God has pre- pared for His people." No doubt if He had told us, we could not have comprehended it. So the next big event will be when He comes again. to receive His people. Are we prepared to go 'with Him? — Kenneth Martin Nappane e 9 Indiana LIFTING AND LEANING .' There are two kinds of people^ on earth today — Just two kinds of people, no more, I .say. Not the good and the bad, for : 'tis well understood,, The good are half bad and the bad are half good. Not the rich and the poor, for to count a man's wealth You must know the state of his conscience and health. Not the humble and proud, for in life's busy span, Who puts on vain airs is not counted a man. No I the two kinds of people on earth I mean Are the people who lift and the people who lean.'"' Wherever you go you will find the world's masses Are ever divided in just these' two classes. And strangely enough, you will find, tob, I ween, There is only one lifter to twenty who lean. In which are you? Are you easing" the load Of overtaxed lifters who toil down the road? . Or are you' a leaner who lets others bear Your portion of worry and labor and care. — Selected by Mary M. Price 16 : r . : THE- PILGRIM ;- CHILDREN'S PAGE , A WEDDING DAY MIRACLE' The first miracle of Jesus was done at a wedding. In John 2 we read that there was a marriage in the town of Cana in Galilee near Nazareth inhere Jesus lived. Jesus and His disciples were .invited. At the weddings in those days they usually had a large celebration with food and wine. But at this wedding they ran out of winei This was just like it would be now if we hadn't enough food to go> around when vie had a large crowd for dinner, because at that 'time - they used wine as part of their food. Mary, Jesus 1 mother, was concerned for this young couple and told Jesus that they were out of wine. Jesus had not yet started His miracles, and He told His mother, n MIne hour is not yet come. 11 But Mary had confidence that "He would not let them down if they did what He told them to do. So she said to the ones w>ho were serving., "Whatsoever He : saith unto you, do it.." Jesus saw six large waterjpots of stone standing empty. He told the servants, rf Fil.l the waterpots with water. " They filled them to .the brim* Then He told them, "Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of 'the feast." Now the servants knew that it was water they had put in the waterpots. But when they served it to the ruler of the feast, they found that it was the very best wine, . Jesus had worked the miracle I The ruler even called the bridegroom and remarked that he had kept the best wine till last. From this miracle we can see that Jesus has power over everything. He made all things so He. can also . change them now. And we can see how important it is to obey. Mary told those servants, ".Whatsoever He saith unto you, do it." What if the servants would have re- fused to fill the waterpots? What if they would have been afraid to -serve, the wine to the guests thinking it was still water? Let us hear what Jesus tells us to do and then 'do it!' — -L.C. THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 AUGUST, 1965 NO. 8 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2; 11 MY LIFE A CANDLE God, may my life be a candle, Lit by a spark divine From the fire of Thine own Spirit, Ever for Thee to shine. Light me, Heavenly Father, And set me where ever You will, That a tiny ray of Thy glorious light May over earth's darkness spill. Light me and keep me shining Steady and bright the glow, Though into whose heart the rays may fall Never perchance may I know. May somebody's path grow brighter; May somebody lose his fear; Some one find strength and comfort, Because my' light shone clear. Light me, Heavenly Father , With a spark of Thy love divine, And as the taper is burning low, May my light blend into Thine. Selected by Alma Garber THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. S THE JEWISH PASSOVER AND THE LORD'S SUPPER In setting forth the correct understanding of the Jewish Passover we go to Exodus 12 where the Israelites were told what it consists of, how and when to eat it, and that It must be a lamb without blemish. "And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. . . And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord T s Passover.' 1 Thus they kept the first Passover when the destroying angel passed over the homes in that night when the blood of the slain lamb was sprinkled on the lintel and side posts of their doors and did : not destroy their firstborn as it did the first- born of the Egyptians, which act resulted in Israel's exit from Egyptian bondage. This feast is still a sacred institution among orthodox Jews — not with a forward look, but as a cele- bration of a notable event in the far distant past. This is so different from the feast that Jesus told Peter and John to prepare in the upper room or guest chamber the day before the set time of the Jewish Pass- over. It is true that this feast which Jesus and the twelve partook of the night of His betrayal He called the Passover or '"this Passover", for He said, "With desire I have, desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer, for I will not anymore eat thereof until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God." This is not a celebration of a past event, but a meal of antici- THE PILGRIM pation of a most glorious future event when Jesus will have His people sit down and He will come forth and serve them. (Luke 12:37) We find in Revelation 19:9, " Blessed are they which are called to the marriage sup- per of the Lamb," ~ .. This feast that Jesus called THIS Passover, the apostle Paul no doubt designated as the Lord's Supper which Jesus and the twelve partook of the night of His betrayal in the evening of the day as also in the even- ing of His earthly ministry. And was it not truly a great "passover" from the dead letter of the law to the "new and living way, which He hath consecrated for us"? Webster defines the word "supper" as "the evening meal or the last meal of the day", so if we want to follow the example of our Master, our love feasts should end in the night. Another evidence to prove that the Passover that Jesus partook of was not the Jewish Passover is where . Jesus revealed the betrayer by dipping a sop and giving it to Judas. A sop constitutes a liquid which could not be in the Jewish Passover, for it was not to be sodden with water*- When they had taken Jesus into Pilate 1 s judgment hall, Pilate spoke to them of the - custom to release one at the Passover, showing that the time of the Passover had not fully arrived. (John 18:39) And in verse 28, the Jews, it is stated, refused to go into the judgment hall lest they be disqualified to eat the Passover which was so close at hand but yet to be eaten. That the partaking of the bread and the cup are dis- tinctly apart and different from the Lord's Supper and should not be called the Lord's Supper is evident from the reading of Luke 22:20, "Likewise also the cup after supper", implying that both the bread and cup were taken after the supper and not a part of the supper. Moreover, the purpose and virtue of the emblems of Christ's broken body and spilt blood are of life-giving power, for it is written, "Except ye eat my flesh, and drink my blood; ye have no life in you." — David A. Skiles Rossville , Indiana THE -PILGRIM' ; . . JACOB'S LADDER Lonely and away from home, no friends near, evening approaching, weary from travelling so that even the h,eap of stones seemed a welcome place to sleep, Jacob .lay .--down after arranging the stones in some form for repose. Travel-weariness as a mattress covered the stones, and- soon he was in deep .slumber rest. What a glorious vision he beheld 1 We cannot but wonder a^nd speculate that since this heavenly scene, was portrayed by the power and for the purpose of God, it was of importance and design both to comfort and esta- blish Jacob in his deeper devotion and service to God, The record of this vision has brought hope and comfort to many throughout the ages. What an inspiring revelation 1 How it must have thrilled Jacob in his deep repose to behold this won- derful structure— -a ladder placed on earth and reach- ing into the heavenly regions, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon it. Also he beheld at the top of this visionary ladder, the glory of the presence of God. So upon awakening, no more feeling alone and forsak- en, he pondered upon the, words" of God he heard in his dream: "I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac; the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and unto thy seed;. And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou Shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north and to the. south: and In thee shall all the families of the earth be blest, and behold I am with thee in all the places whither thou goest, and I will, bring thee, again unto this land: for I will not leave thee until L have done that which I have spoken unto thee. And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the Lord is in this place,.; and I knew It not, And he was afraid, and said How dreadful is this place I this is none, other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven . u (Genesis 28:13-17) We do not know where is the corridor, the hall of THE PILGRIM light, leading to the Throne of God > but many places in God's word reveal that there is a means of communica- tion, conveyance, an access to the heavenly center of the universe — the eternal abode of God. The Holy Spirit is here directing the recording and is witness to the doings of mankind. (I John 5:6,7,8) Also, "their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven." (Matthew 18:10) A strict account is kept by God of all things (Matthew 12:36) and at the great judgment day the books will be opened. (Rev. 20:12) We know that God keeps in touch with man! It is a pleasure to study the vision of this heaven- ly ladder — a wonderful revelation to man at that time > a glimpse of Heaven not revealed before, showing that there is a Heaven where God dwells and' a way of com- munication between Heaven and earth, 1. We believe this ladder Jacob saw portrays and points to Jesus Christ our Saviour, who is the way, the truth, and the life. He says, "No man cometh unto the Father but by me." 2. As the angels of God ascended and descended upon the ladder of Jacob's vision, so Jesus says, "Verily, verily I say unto you, hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the Angels of God ascending and descending upon the son of man*" 3. Jesus is the way to Heaven. 4. His divine presence on earth and His ascension to Heaven are as a ladder reaching from earth to Heaven. 5* The steps unto Heaven are the footsteps of Jesus we may follow to the Paradise of God. 6. Jacob was a wanderer fleeing from the presence and vengeance of Esau. So the Christian flees from the besetments of sin and finds peace, and rest at the lad- der, as did. Jacob, in Christ our refuge. 7. Jacob found his resting place at the ladder* s end, even as Christians carried by the angels into "Abrahams bosom" . 8. Jacob at the foot of the ladder became awake spiritually to the house of God, the gate of Heaven. So indeed do Christians enjoy the earthly courts of God near the gate of. Heaven, for Jesus says, "I am the THE PILGRIM Door: by me if any man enter in, he shall "be saved arid shall go in and out and find pasture." 9. Jacob 1 s ladder (his by visionary blessing) blends and becomes one in reality into that divine arrangement of Jesus Christ our Lord whose ladder planted at the foot of the cross extends through the celestial halls of glory — the corridors of light — unto the Throne of God near our eternal home. 10., As Jacob in the. glorious vision received the promise of God of earthly blessings, so indeed by the vision of faith do we receive the exceeding great and precious promises of God by His wonderful revelation into our very hearts and. know they will all be ful- filled. "Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering , for he is faithful that promised . 11 Kails "of glory streaming With eternal light , Heavenly pathway gleaming , Corridor so bright. Angels bright descending On this shining Way, Hosts of God attending To our nignt and day. Upward fast ascending Unto Heaven land, Ransomea souls befriending To the golden strand. Messengers in guiding On the homeward road, Ministers abiding Lift the heavy load. Faithful to our calling May we travel on — Watch our steps from falling Till the night is gone. Ransomed souls earth leaving, Angels carry home, From the land of grieving Unto Heaven 1 s dome. — J, I. Cover Sonora, California THE PILGRIM THE SINS OF THE TIMES The Bible contains a number of "catalogs" , or lists, of sins. Some are brief, while others are quite com- prehensive, including the major offenses against God's law* The Bible speaks specifically and in detail regarding particular sins. Kan is not left in doubt as to what is evil in the sight of God. There is nothing new in these lists of sins, that is, nothing unknown or unexperienced by men today. In anoth- er sense, neither are these sins very ancient. They are dealt with as now present, as a part of universal human experience and realization. Behind each warning and each prohibition of things wrong there is a reason. Sin is sin because it is con- trary to the will of God and because in its very nature- it is against man 1 s highest good. The holy law of God ■ determines man's awareness of sin, and the holy will of God establishes man's conscience on sin. (By the law is -the knowledge of sin.) Although sin is thus universal in its nature and ex- tent, we must recognise also that there -are sins which '. become associated with particular times or people'. Licentiousness, pride, rebellion, anarchy, drunkenness, or other gross sins may so fasten themselves on a people as to mark that people's place in history by the very sins they have committed. A little reflection will re- mind us of the fact that some nations that have passed into history are largely remembered for their sins, and a little more reflection could show us for what sins America might be remembered in some future age, after her destruction from the effects of these very sins. The Bible teaches us that we should be accurate and specific in our designation of sin. This is both the preacher's duty and the preacher's challenge. Every good preacher will be known by the sharpness of focus by which he brings sin to exposure and lays it upon the conscience. This does not mean that he will be „crass ; and vulgar in his references to it. In fact, to dwell THE PILGRIM upon the sins of the times is like opening up a cess- pool, and the man of refinement will be careful in his use of language. One can be definite without being lurid j and effective in speech -without becoming offensive, " ' In dealing with the sins of the times, preachers some- times seem to be under a kind of compulsion to expose the sins of the church. Now, when sin is evident in the church it should not be hidden. We have already re- marked that we should be accurate and specific in our designation of sin. But we need to beware of the temp- tation to parade sin, especially sins which are alleged to be 'In the church. To denounce the church as corrupt and. laden with, sin may give little glory to God. The natural reaction of any unbeliever listening to such denunciation would be one either of satanic glee, or of a determination to have nothing to do with the church, depending upon his mood at, the time. Doubtless, all reference to- problems of sin in the church should be made In a spirit of deep respect and loyalty to the ' church, certainly not in- such a way as to give unneces- sary occasion to the enemies of God to blaspheme.' An "amazing thing is modern, man *s attempt to eliminate sin. He would try to disregard it, to thrust it aside as meaningless and insignigicant. He would try to gloss It over with some of the niceties of civilisation or hide 1 it beneath, a thin veneer of culture, thinking to be done with" the sins of the times in that way. Under this kind of treatment all forms of gambling become in- nocent diversions. Divorce and remarriage is just an accident of the times. Alcoholism is merely a disease. Materialism is to be regarded as thrift and industry. Adultery and fornication are merely excrescences of human nature. Adornment of the human body is. the in- nocent pursuit of beauty, something perfectly agreeable to God, So it goes, on down the list of sins until sin is no longer exceedingly .sinful. The sins of our times are the sins of the ages, the same' that began in the Garden of Eden and have flourished ever since. There is nothing new, but every age brings a greater intensity in the expression of sin; Iniquity abounds, and evil men and seducers wax worse and worse, THE PILGRIM but the sin is the same* Likewise, the remedy for sin is the same as when God first announced it. If we are shocked and saddened by the sins of the times, let us rejoice that where sin^ abounds, it is still possible that grace shall much more abound, — J.F.S. in "The Sword and Trumpet" I960 HYMN STUDY ' NEAR THE- CROSS Jesus keep me near the Cross, There a precious fountain, Free to all,- a healing stream. Flows from Calvary's mountain Near the Cross, a trembling soul, Love and mercy found me; There the bright and morning star Sheds its beams around me. Near the Cross I Oh, Lamb of God, Bring its scenes before me; Help me walk from day to day With its shadow o'er me. Near the Cross J' II watch and wait, Hoping, trusting ever, Till I reach the golden strand, Just beyond the river. ,. Chorus: In the Cross, in the Cross, Be my glory ever, Till my raptured soul shall find Rest beyond the river. This hymn was written- by Fanny J. Crosby who was born in southeast New York, March 24, 1820. At the age of six she lost her eyesight. After she became blind she spent twelve years in the New York Institution for the 10 .' THE PILGRIM Blind where she became a teacher. In 185$ she married a fellow inmate,- Mr. Alexander Van Alstyn, a musician. Of all the hymns that Fanny Crosby wrote — she com- posed six thousand — "Near the Cross" is considered one of the best and most enduring. It is believed that -the writer of this hymn based her thoughts on Paul's letter to the Colossians, chapter 1, verse 20, which says, speaking of Jesus Christ, "And having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself, by him 1 say, whether they be things in earth or things in heaven." — J * -L * * "My barns are full and running o'er. I'll tear them down and build some more. My treasure here is quite secure; My fertile fields will long endure. No thief will ever come by stealth And take away my earthly wealth." "Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be By God in Heaven required of thee." God did not take what he held dear; He just took him and left it here. How foolish then for us to reap, And earthly harvests try to keep, - For soon, yes soon, our Lord may call, And we* 11 be forced to leave it all. — Guy Hootman THANK YCU I wish to express my sincere thanks and appreciation for the comfort and joy contained in the many letters and cards I have received during my affliction. Welt ha M. Cover COMMUNION NOTICE The Salida Congregation have : set November 6th and 7th for our Fall Lovefeast Meeting. A hearty invitation is extended to members and friends to attend. D. F. Wolf THE PILGRIM 11 Ptstattal This month's selections are again from the xvrltings of John Wycliffe, early English Christian reformer. The first is from a writing entitled "The Poor Caitiff", The second is part of the parable of the prodigal son from Wycliffe 1 s translation of the Bible. It is in the N old English spelling used in Wycliffe' s time. -Ed. • OF TEMPTATION or, OF VIRTUOUS PATIENCE He that is truly fed with the bread that came down from heaven, boweth not his love to those things to which the fiend enticeth. Temptations are overcome by ■■ patience and meek suffering. What is patience? — a glad and willing suffering of troubles. He that is patient murmurs not at adversity, but rather, at all times, praises God with the prophet. Evil men always grudge in adversities, and flee them as much as they may. For while they are unmeasurably given to visible things, they are deprived from true hope of everlasting things. They find solace or comfort only in earthly goods, for they have lost the savour of heavenly things. There is no soul of man in this world which cleaveth not either to the Creator or the creature. If he love the creature he loseth God, and goeth to death with that which he loveth. Such love is the beginning of travail and folly, in the middle It is languor and wretchedness, and in the end it is hate and pain. He that truly loveth his Maker refuses in will and liking all things that are in the world* He hath sweetness to speak of him and with him; to think upon his Maker is refreshing to him.. He closes his outer senses lest death enter in by the windows, lest he be occupied un- profitably with any vanity. Sometimes there are reared against him despisings, reproofs, scorns, and slanders. Therefore it is needful that he take the shield of pa- tience, and be ready to forget and to forgive all wrongs, 12- THE- PILGRIM and to pray for the turning to good of them that hate him and hurt him. No man is showed to himself whether he be strong or feeble, unless he be tempted when he is at peace. Many men seem to be patient when they are not impugned, but when a light blast , I say not of injustice, .but of correction, touches them, their mind presently turns into bitterness and wrath, and if they hear one word against their will, they yield two more sternly again. Into their council come not, my soull The darts of the enemy are to be quenched with the meekness and sweetness of the love of Christ, Give not way to temptation, be it ever so grievous. For the greater the battle the more glorious the victory, and the higher the crown. Blessed is the man that suffereth temptation, for when he is proved to be, true, he shall take a crown of life. Flee as much as thou canst the praising of men. Despise favour, worship, and all vain glory, and gladly sustain or suffer enmities, hates, backbi tings, or reproofs. And so by evil fame, and by good praise; by tribulations and gladnesses, cease thou not to press forward to heavenly kingdoms. When thou art tempted or troubled, think upon the remedy that our Saviour saith in his gospel. 'Watch ye and pray ye, that ye enter not into temptation. He saith not, Pray ye that ye be not tempted. For it is good and profitable to good men to be tempted and trou- bled, as is shown by what the prophet saith, To him that is tempted and troubled, God saith, I am with him in tribulation; I shall deliver him, and shall glorify him. Let no man think himself to be holy because he is not tempted, for the holiest and highest iri life have the most temptations. How much the higher a hill is, so much is the wind there greater; so, how much higher the life is, so much stronger is the temptation of the ene- my." God playeth with his child when he suffereth him to be tempted, as a mother rises from her much beloved child, and hides herself, and leaves him alone, and suffers him to cry, Mother, Mother, so that he looks about, cries and weeps for a time, and at last when the child is ready to be overset with troubles and weeping, she comes again, clasps him in her arms, and kisses him, " fHE PILGRIM 13 and wipes away the tears. So our Lord suffereth his loved child to be tempted and troubled for a time, and withdraweth some of his solace and full protection , to see what his child will do; and when he is about to be overcome by temptations, then he defendeth him, and com- forteth him with his grace. And therefore, when we are tempted, let us cry for the help of our Father, as a \ child cries after the comfort of its mother. For whoso prayeth devoutly, shall have help oft to pray, and pro- fits much to establish the heart in God, and suffers it not to bow about, now into this, apd now into that. The fiend is overcome by busy and devout prayer, and becomes as feeble and without strength to them that are strong and persevering in devout, prayers. Devout prayer of a holy' soul is as sweet incense which driveth away all evil savours, and enters up by odour of sweetness, into the presence of God. The following selection is from Wycliffe's transla- tion of the Bible, one of his .greatest achievements, ■ and is given here in the original spelling to show how much, the language has changed since his time. This translation, issued in 13S8, was the first English Bible. It is thought that Wycliffe himself translated the New Testament and part : of the Old Testament, and that the work was. finished by his associates. -Ed. LUKE 15:11-15 And he seide, a man hadde twei sones; and the yonger of hem seide to the fadir, Fadir, gyue me the porcioun of catel, that fallith to me. And he departide to hem the catel. And not.aftir many dales, whanne alle thingis weren gederid togider, the yonger sone wente forth in pilgrymage in to a fer cuntre; and there, he wastide hise goodis in lyuynge lecherously. And aftir that he hadde endid alle thingis a strong hungre was maad in that cuntre, and he bigan to haue nede.. And he wente and drough hym to oon of the citeseyns of that cuntre. And he sente hym in to his toun, to fede swyn. From "Great Voices of the Reformation" 14 THE. PILGRIM BIBLE CHARACTERS SHADRACH, MESHACH AND AEEDNEGO In Daniel 3 we have the account of these three Jewish men whom Kirtg Nebuchadnezzar had set over the affairs of Babylon at the request of Daniel. No doubt this gave them a respected position in their community and made them responsible to please the king in every way possi- ble. However j during this time the king set up a huge golden linage and sent for all of his officials and . governors (which included Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego) to come and worship his idol at the occasion of his dedi- cation. Now golden images and idol worship were possi- bly as prevalent in those days- as any form of temptation or deception is before the Christian of our day. Besides, this was only a dedication of which there would only be one, so could they not well have reasoned with themselves or others that it would not hurt to do this just once? It will not happen again, anyway. Then we can go on and worship God as in the past and not insult the king to whom we are responsible. Now the king made but one ex- treme alternative for anyone who would not fall down and worship his image: that he would be cast into a burning fiery furnace 1 Certainly facing a horrible experience , let us notice what these God-fearing men said. n 0h Nebuchadnezzar, we are not careful to answer thee in this matter. If it* be so, our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and he will deliver us out of thine hand, king. Bat if not, be it known unto thee, king, that we will not serve" thy gods nor irorship the golden image which thou hast set up. u Now when the furnace was heated seven times hotter than its capacity, and the mightiest men of the king ! s army were slain by the heat getting Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego into the fire, notice what the king ob- served. "Did not we cast three men bound into the midst of the fire? Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form THE PILGRIM 1£ of the fourth is like the Son of God." Then the king called them out in the presence of his rulers, judges, etc. and said, "Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, who hath sent his angel, and delivered his servants that trusted in him, and have changed the king ! s word and yielded their bodies that* they might not serve nor worship any god except their own God. Therefore I make a decree, That every people, nation, and language, which speak any thing amiss against the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, • shall be cut in pieces, and their houses made a dung- hill: because there is no other God that can deliver after this sort." They came from the furnace without the smell of fire or an hair of their head singed, and the king even promoted them in Babylon. May their ex- ample encourage us to fear God rather than man, "The fear of God is the beginning of wisdom." — Paul Baker Maple, Ontario BE STRONG Maltbie Davenport Babcock Be strong! We are not here to play, ■ to dream, to drift; We have hard work to do, and loads to lift; Shun not the struggle — face it; 'tis God's gift, Be strong! Say not, "The days are evil. Who T s to blame?" And fold the hands, and acquiesce — Oh' shame! Stand up, speak out, and bravely, in God's name, Be, strong! It matters not how deep intrenched the wrong, How hard the battle goes, the day how long; • Faint not — fight on! Tomorrow comes the song. From "Sunshine Magazine" 16- THE PILGRIM CHILDREN'S PAGE BAPTISM OF THE MIGHTY ONE John the Baptist preached in the desert near the country of the Jews, He told the people to repent of their sins, and when they confessed and repented, he baptized them. He warned them to get ready because a Great One was coming after him. He claimed he was not worthy to stoop down and unloose the shoes of this great mighty One. John did not yet know who this mighty One would. be , but God had sent him to baptize and prepare the people, and had told him that certain signs would indicate the Holy One. John was related to Jesus and must have had great respect for Him. So when Jesus came and asked John to baptise Him, John protested saying that he had need to be baptized by Jesus, But Jesiis replied, "Suffer it to be so now for thus it becometh us to fulfill all right- eousness." After John had baptized Him, three very wonderful things happened. The Bible says that the Heavens were opened unto Him, .What a beautiful sight it must have beenl Then the Spirit of God descended from Heaven In the bodily shape of a dove. The dove lighted upon Jesus. Third came the voice from Heaven saying, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." After John saw these signs, he knew that Jesus was the great One who was to come after him. He knew then that this was God's only Son. Then John could tell others, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." For this is the reason that Jesus came to earth — to take away our sins. He promises us everlasting life if we will believe and follow Him. In what river was Jesus baptized? (Mark 1*9) What did John the Baptist wear? What did he eat? (Mark 1:6) Where did Jesus go right after He was baptized? (Mark 1:12) — L.C. THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 SEPTEMBER, 1965 NO. 9 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul" 1 Peter 2: 1 1 BE STILL, MY SOUL (Tune : Finland ia) Be still, my soul: the Lord is on thy side; Bear patiently the cross of grief or pain; Leave to thy God to order and provide; In every change He faithful will remain. Be still, my soul: thy best, thy heavenly Friend Through thorny ways leads to a joyful eid. Be still, my soul: thy God doth undertake To guide the future as He has the past. Thy hope, thy confidence let nothing shake; All now mysterious shall be bright at last. Be still, my soul: the waves and winds still know His voice who ruled them while He dwelt below. Be still, my soul: . the hour is hastening on When. we shall be forever with the Lord, When disappointment, grief, and fear are gone, Sorrow forgot, life's purest joys restored. Be still, my soul: when change and tears are past, All safe and blessed we shall meet at last. Katharina von Schlegel Selected by Martha Cover THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. GETHSEMANE Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciple s, Sit ye here, while I go to pray yonder. (Matthew 26:36) And they cane to a place named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while 1 shall pray. (Mark 14:32) And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him. And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation. And he was with- drawn from them about a stone r s cast, and kneeled down, and prayed... (Luke 22 r 39-41) When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples. (John 18:1,2) After Jesus and His disciples partook of the Lord's Supper and holy Communion together, and Jesus also spoke to them the words of John 14, Jesus concluded by saying, "But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence." Matthew and Mark record, "And when they had sung- an hymn, they went out unto the mount of Olives.". On their journey from the upper room to the mount of Olives, it seems likely that Jesus spoke to His disci- ples as recorded in St. John, chapters 15 and 16, con- cluding with His prayer to our Heavenly Father in chap- ter 17, at that time being near the brook Cedron. Then passing over, they entered into The Garden of Gethsemane . THE PILGRIM ' Can "we by faith , follow along with these disciples as Jesus leads the way? The night' is dark; the hour is late. We sometimes sing: .. ! Tis midnight, and on Olives' brow, , The star is dimmed that lately shown. f Tis midnight in the garden now; The suffering Saviour prays alone. The fortunes of mankind had reached the lowest ebb; all were bankrupt debtors, facing forclosure, yet rush- ing madly on lower and lower in the ways of sin — hope- less, helpless. Darkness , typified by this dark mid- night hour, had cast its pall over all humanity: the curse and darkness covered the earth, Jesus alone faced this darksome condition In which the satanic hosts of evil were celebrating the downfall of man, eagerly expecting to see their complete ■ destruc- tion. Jesus had turned away from the acclaim and praise .of the multitudes at the time of His ride up to Jerusalem — beginning the descent to this very place — this garden where He loved to be when pressed and tired from His . labors. No doubt He had often prayed there before and "loved to steal awhile away from every cumbering care. 11 Now for the last time He enters .this garden with. Hi&. disciples, but one was missing: the betrayer. sacred time and -place, so portentous, so critical I Will Jesus take the sinners place? Will He be made a curse for us? Will He be made sin for us, who knew no sin? Will the Lamb of God be willing to die, a sac- rifice for sin? "All this and more our Saviour beheld in the cup held out to Him to partake. Jesus prays alone — prays earnestly. "And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven strengthening him; and being in agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling to the ground. my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done I" Sleeping, sleeping disciples were scarcely aroused by Jesus coming to them three times. They slumbered on. Jesus comes to them the last time and says, "Sleep on THE. PILGRIM now 'ahxf take" your ' re si": "' "behold the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of, sinners. 11 The mob of sinners is at hand. Jesus leaves, that" sacred j holy place ahead of the disciples , bravely to meet His foes and the" betrayer face to face ; . "Jesus had gained the victory over self, willing to : prove His love to our Father by His obedience "unto death", even the death of the* cross." Love had triumphed over hate, and the .. innocent Lamb. of God was willing to suffer and die for guilty man I So, with calmness and serenity He said, "Whom seek, ye?" They., answered Him, "Jesus of Nazareth," Jesus .saith unto them, "I AL HE." Jesus allowed His , royal name "I AM" to, for a moment, strike them down to the ground* But they were determined to take Jesus, and when He gave them permission, they ruthlessly bound Him. And. He goes to ., seek our Salvation; "to seek and to save that which was lost." He died that we might live. Justice was satisfied because He took our place. He rose from the grave and says, "Because I live,' ye shall live also. " There is no bar to our salvation now -but- our selfish way which, if we persist .in, we shall be ■.-■■■ lost and end in destruction. But if • we deny self, and. allow. Him -to take us up in His arms of Salvation, He will' carry us safely to the fold of the redeemed ones in. glory — the lost ones safe within the fold. Dear reader, are you interested? Does the work of Jesus for us 'ring a chord of gratitude? Or will you complacently sleep on? That may. be the sleep of death — Second Death. "Why sleep ye? Rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation!" -alone : ' . . ;.'. ... Alone our Saviour bore our load ' Throughput His life to end of road; ;;■ -. ■ - Alone He led the way to light : - By standing for the truth and right. - : ' ' ■ Alone He in the Garden knelt ■ - -' : ■•■■ In' darkness keenly by : Him felt; THE PILGRIM Alone He prays to God to hear, In that black hour of care and fear. Alone He faced the wicked foes, Surrounding at that evening's close. Alone He suffers round on round, While blood tears falling to the ground. Alone. His loved ones fall in sleep, And failing all their watch to keep. Alone, He cries, "Thy will be done," Alone for us Salvation won. Alone, His lovelight reached the skies j Our Heavenly Father hears His cries. Alone, while sinners curse and swear, The crown of thorns He bows to wear. Alone, alone our life to own, He sits beside His Father's Throne. Alone the King of Kings shall be, When we His face in glory see. — J. I. Cover Sonora , California DID GOD DO IT ALL? The Church has .repeatedly been attacked for teaching that it is necessary that a Christian be active in good works and that these works are important in salvation. "For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast." (Ephesians 2:8,9) This sounds as though it would be impossible for us to do anything toward the salvation of our souls. But listen to the next verse, Ephesians 2:10, "For we are his workmanship, created in Christ unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them." There are many mysterious things told in the Bible that are not revealed completely. Although many things THE PILGRIM have been told of the life hereafter, we do not know what it is to die. We do not know just when the Lord will return. We do not know what Heaven will be like, 11 ...Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither 1 have en- tered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love h"im. M (I Corinthians 2:9) Although this is true, the basic rules of life and sal- vation are very plain and easy to be understood if we really want to know* In fact, they appear so simple, it is easy for us to ignore their importance. There are three steps necessary for us to follow before we can become active Christians. First we must have faith in God. Hebrews 11:6 "But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him. 11 Second, we must acknow- ledge our sinful state and repent of it; we must realise that we are in a lost condition and need a Saviour. Acts 17:30 "And the. times of this ignorance God winked at, but now commandeth all men everywhere to repent. 11 Third, we must be baptized of the water and of the Spirit. We must be born again, become a new creature, have our goal in Heaven.- When Jesus- was- baptized, the Spirit descended on Him in the bodily shape of a dove, a witness for all to see. When we are obedient to water baptism for the remission of sins, we then have the promise of the gift of the Holy Spirit to lead us into 'all' truth and righteousness. Acts 2:33 "Then" Peter ' said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of ' sins and ye shall receive, the gift of the Holy Ghost. 11 Baptisnr Is only a' symbol of the real thing that has happened... Vie have buried the old man as we are immersed, and we come out of the water to walk in neWhess of ilfe. As a natural baby is born into the world, so it Is with the new birth that Jesus offered Nieodemas/ "Ye must be born again.". This is only the beginning. From' here on we must grow in. grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus" Christ. The people asked Jesus, "what shall we do that we might work the works of God? Jesus answered and said THE PILGRIM unto them, "This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent." "Verily, verily I say unto you, he that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do, because I go to the Father, If ye love me, keep my commandments." The simple solution to the misunderstanding of grace and works is that we cannot obtain salvation by our own works or man's works, (Kan cannot save himself.) but we can and must do the works of God. Through grace God has given us righteous works to do through Jesus Christ. Obedience to Jesus is essential to our salvation. God did what we could, not do, but He expects us to respond, and has shown us by His Son who was our example that we should follow in His steps, — Rudolph E. Cover Sonora, California CONTENTMENT When families move long miles away parents and children jrearn And sometim.es do return To their familiar scenes of yesterday. Their faithful dog is well content, Relaxed in calm repose, If he can be with those Who him a little love has lent . So Christian when you're called above It will not matter where You will be happy there To be with God and Christ and friends you love. — Guy Hootman Heaven is blessed with perfect rest; but the blessing of earth is toil. — Henry Van Dyke THE PILGRIM HYMN STUDY HE LEADETH ME This wonderful hymn and the accompanying tune was the work of two remarkable men who labored greatly In the Master's service. The words were written by Joseph H* Gilmore, who has related how the hymn was given to the world. "It was the year 1862 * I was talking at the Wednes- day evening lecture of the First Baptist Church of Philadelphia/' he wrote, "The talk was on the Twenty-Third psalm, and I had been especially impressed with the blessedness of being led by Cod,, of the mere fact of His leadership, altogeth- er apart from the way In which He leads us and what He is leading us to. At the close of the service we ad- journed to Deacon Watson's home, where I was staying. "The blessedness of God's leadership so grew upon me that I took out my pencil, wrote the hymn just as it stands today, handed it to my wife and thought no more about it a She sent it to "The Watchman and. Reflector," who published it. "Three years later I went to Rochester to preach for the Second Baptist Church, On entering the chapel I took up a hyinnbook, for I thought, '1 wonder what they sing, 1 The book opened at r He Leadeth Me, r and that was the first time J knew my hymn had found a place among the songs of the church. I shall never forget the impression made upon me by coming then and there in contact with my own assertion of God's leadership.!? The composer of the melody to which these words were set was ¥. B. Bradbury. When Bradbury was jroung and poor it was Lowell Mason who helped him greatly in the musical world, and in befriending Bradbury he helped the whole world of sacred song, for it is due to the music-loving Bradbury that we have so many arresting and lasting tunes. On day \tfhile idly turning over the leaves of a jour- nal he had seen this hymn and had cut it out. In due THE PILGRIM course It was set to the melody that the world knows. He leadeth me: blessed thought I words with heavenly comfort fraught 1 Whate'er I do, where 1 er I be, Still 'tis God's hand that leadeth me. Sometimes 'mid scenes of deepest gloom, Sometimes where Eden's bowers bloom, By waters still o'er troubled sea, Still 'tis God's hand that leadeth me. Lord, I would clasp Thy hand in mine, Nor ever murmur nor repine; Content, whatever lot I see, Since 'tis my God that leadeth me. And when my task on earth is done, When by Thy grace the victory's won, E'en death's cold, x^ave I will not flee, Since God through Jordan leadeth me. (Chorus) He leadeth me I He leadeth mel For by His hand He leadeth me. His faithful follower I would be, For by his hand He leadeth me. (From "Stories of Wonderful Hymns" by Kathleen Blanehard) COMMUNION NOTICES The date for Communion Meeting with the Canada members has been set, the Lord willing, for October 3rd, and a loving invitation is extended to all to attend, especial- ly to those who labor in the Word and doctrine. David A. Skiles The Salida Congregation have set November 6th, and 7th for our Fall Love feast Meeting. A hearty Invitation is extended to members and friends to. attend. D. F. Wolf 10 THE PILGRIM OBITUARY NETHa LA VERNE COVER was born June 12. 1903 in Marion, Indiana, to Emro and Jessie (Hiatt) Bruch. In the year of 1904 she and her parents moved to Whittier, California, and in 1922 they moved to Modesto, California. On June 12, 1924 she was united in holy marriage to Jesse Jordan Cover. As a young bride she moved into their ranch home on American Avenue near Modesto where she lived until her passing. To this union were born five daughters: Cathryn, Mary, Miriam, Dorothy, and Carmen, At an early age she received into her heart and life the Lord Jesus Christ as her personal Saviour and Lord and obeyed Him in Christian baptism, Her life was one of continued growth in grace and knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ. Her faith and confidence was in His sav- ing grace and atoning work. Her life was characterized by Christian compassion for others, giving of herself freely in a ministry of service. The quality of her devotion enriched the lives of her husband and daughters. An ever-increasing circle of relatives and friends from all walks of life and from all over the world were warmly welcomed into her home. No service to them was spared; even to the little things she gave her thoughtful attention. Her deep concern for people and her keen interest in the world about her made her a refreshing companion and hostess. Although she re- joiced in the wonders of God*s created world, she desired a better, heavenly country and looked for that city whose Builder and Maker is God. Wherefore, as the Scripture says, God is not ashamed to be called her God. For He has prepared for her a city, that eternal abode of all those who die in Christ. She went to be in the presence of her beloved Heavenly Father on August 23, 1965. God blessed her with 62 years and 73 days of fruitful life. In her home-going she leaves her beloved husband, Jesse Cover, her five daughters, Cathryn Driver, Mary Meye, Miriam Notehelfer, Dorothy Howard, and Carmen Ernst, and 15 grandchildren; her mother, Mrs. Jessie Bruch, her sister, Irma Lent, and her three brothers, Ray Bruch, Emro Bruch, and Robert Bruch. THE PILGRIM 11 JOHN HUSS (1370-1415) "During the latter days of John Wycliffe, a youth was growing up in an obscure village of Bohemia, who was destined to bear, in his turn, the torfch'o'f truth, and to transmit it with a martyr's hand to a long suc- cession of disciples — and he was worthy of the heavenly office . John of Huss, or Hussinetz, was very early dis- tinguished by the force and acuteness of his understand- ing, the modesty and gravity of his demeanor, the rude and irreproachable austerity of his life. "A thoughtful and attenuated countenance, a tall' and somewhat emaciat- ed form, an uncommon mildness and affability of manner added to the authority of his virtues and the persuasive- ness of his eloquence. The University of Prague, at that time extremely flourishing, presented a field for the expansion of his great qualities; in the year 1401. he was appointed president, or dean, of the philosophi- cal faculty, and was elevated, eight years afterwards, 1 to the rectorship of the University* 11 (Wadclington' s "History of the Church 11 ) About this time the University was torn by a. bitter dispute between the German majority of the students "' and faculty and the native ' Bohemians. John Huss upheld his countr";ymen f s cause, taking the side of the. "realists"., against the "nominalists". In. this dispute he jnade. some lifelong enemies. A great number of German students and' teachers withdrew from the University and held the deep hatred they had for the leader of their opposition, John Huss. The teachings of John Wycliffe had been brought to Bohemia from England some time before, and Huss now began to uphold them more openly. He did' not agree with Wycliffe on many .important poiiits e§ he upheld more of the traditions of the Church. But he did hold high the truth of the scriptures, and taught and wrote much in the language of the common people. And he taught against 12 THE PILGRIM the corruption and abuses among the clergy as Wycliffe had done. In Bohemia, also, the Church was rich, and Wycliffe 1 s teachings found favor among some of the rulers ^as well as the peasants. In 1410, as a result of his outspoken support of Wycliffe 1 s doctrines, John Huss was accused and excom- municated by John XXIII* This had little effect upon Huss as he had so much support from his people, and the papacy was weakened by two rival popes both claiming the position. Huss preached regularly in Bethlehem Chapel in Prague in the language of the common people. . The case against him was dropped for a time until this .pope issued a sale of indulgences to finance his claim to the throne against Gregory XII. Huss publicly de- nounced this sale of indulgences and refused to retract his statements even after three men had been executed for the same offence. He continued to teach Wycliffe's doctrines — especially the opinion that the faithful need not obey papal commands that conflict with the laws of Christ. Finally, by request of the king, Huss left Prague and spent two years in the country where he found more time to write and preach. Here he composed his most famous writing, "The Treatise on the Church. 11 He thought that the papacy would be so occupied with their own struggle that his case would be ignored , and he could live in peace . But In 1414, -a council was called at Constance to discuss church unity, reform, and questions of heresy. John Huss was summoned to appear. Although he had no faith in the justice of the pope, he hoped for a fair trial at this council before the prelates of the Church. TT e was promised by the emperor Segismond "safe conduct" to Constance, during his stay there, and for his trip back to his country. However, as soon as he arrived in Constance he was arrested and held as a prisoner. His supporters managed to obtain three public hearings for aim where he was allowed to defend himself. But the council was composed of many of his enemies who were prejudiced against him. He was asked both publicly and privately to recant and save his life, but he refused THE PILGRIM 13 to .even though weakened by sickness* Some time passed before- Huss was sentenced and he commented: "God, in His wisdom, has reasons for prolonging my lifer* He wishes to give me time to weep for my sins, and to -con- sole myself in this protracted trial by the hope of their remission. He has granted me this, interval, that, through meditation on the sufferings of Christ Jesus, I may become better qualified to support my own." The Czeck word "hus" means "goose", and one of Huss f friends wrote home from Constance that "the Goose was not yet cooked." We still use this phrase in our time. On the morning of July 6, 1415 Huss was again brought before the Council in its fifteenth session. His accus- ation and sentence was read: "That for several years John Huss has seduced and scandalized the people by the dissemination of many doctrines manifestly heretical, and condemned by the Church, especially those of John Wiclif . That he has obstinately trampled upon, the keys of the Church and the ecclesiastical censures. That he has appealed to Jesus Christ as sovereign judge, to the contempt of the ordinary judges of the Church; and that such appeal was injurious, scandalous, and made in de- rision of ecclesiastical authority. ■ That he has per- sisted to the last in his ■ errors, and even maintained them in full Council. It is therefore ordained that he be publicly deposed and degraded from holy orders, as an obstinate and incorrigible, heretic. . ." Huss was then stripped of his priestly clothes, his hair was cut, a cup was symbolically taken from his hands, and a paper cap marked with demons was placed on his head. His soul was then assigned to the demons, and he was turned over to the state for execution. On the same day he was burned at the stake .saying: "Lord Jesus, I endure with humility this cruel death for thy sake; and I pray thee to pardon all my enemies." It appears that the way John Huss spoke out was not so uncommon. In fact, denunciations of the pope and abuses by the Church were spoken in the very council in which Huss was condemned. But he had bitter enemies from the dispute at the University besides from the hierarchy of the Church. The fact that he continued to 14 THE PILGRIM ■uphold Wycliffe's doctrines was against him. a g these 'were considered heretical. -He .also taught that tithes should be strictly voluntary and not levied, as .a tax as was commonly done. He taught that, the cup. of the communion should be offered to the laity instead of .on- ly the priests. These,' and other doctrines gave his enemies occasion to demand his death. - - ... --. • •The Bohemian countrymen of John Huss were indignant j at his unfair trial and execution. Followers of .-his known as Hussites persistantly carried. on his work and teachings in spite of persecution and repeated military crusades against them, Huss wrote his conclusions about death; "It is better to die well than to live ill. One should not flinch before the sentence of death* To finish life in grace is to go away from pain and misery. He who fears death loses the joy of life* Above all else truth •triumphs. He conquers who dies, because no adversity can hurt the one over whom iniquity holds not sway." t n ——-Li . O • (Information from Waddington's "History of the. * Church 11 , Mosheim's '"Ecclesiastical History" and "Ency- clopaedia - Erittanica" . ) DO NOT WAIT UNTIL TOMORROW by Alfred S. Rctz Do not wait until tomorrow If you T d make your life worthwhile. 'Bring a cheer to. those in sorrow, Bless them, with a happy smile.-. Golden moments swiftly passing Soon will be forever gone, Hasten then to be a blessing; 'Wait not for tomorrow 1 s dawn. Do not wait until tomorrow To be true in w r ord or deed To your neighbour, friend and brother Who may be in direst need. THE PILGRIM 15 Give your flowers and your roses To your friends while yet in life. Sing God's praises, bear your crosses, Shun all evil, sin and strife. Do not wait until tomorrow If you'd make your life sublime; Grief and pain will surely follow Wasted days and years of time. Dearest friends will soon be missing, And our life will soon be done; But today while life is teeming, Great rewards may yet be won. Do not wait until tomorrow To bestow a helping hand To the many souls in sorrow Languishing on sinking sand. Feed the hungry, lift up Jesus, Bring the dying to the fold; While the day is yet before us Gather in the sheaves of gold. Do not wait until tomorrow — Do what good you can today; Richest blessings then will follow, And your life will surely pay. Human hearts are all around us Who are waiting to be led To the blessed feet of Jesus And be fed with living bread. Do not wait until tomorrow For the work you have to do; If you wait 'twill bring you sorrow And of troubles not a few. Oh, why should you linger longer And consume your time away! Christ is yours, and Heaven yonder, If you live for God each day. Selected by Martha Cover 16 -THE PILGRIM' CHILDREN'S PAGE. TEMPTATION IN THE WILDERNESS Immediately after Jesus was baptized by John, He was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, a desert area, to be tempted. .There was no food in the wilderness and hardly any water , and it was inhabited only by wild beasts. Here Jesus fasted— He ate no food for forty days and forty nights I And the Bible says that the devil tempted Him during this time. Of course, Jesus was very hungry after fasting all that time. He had power to make food, so the devil said to Him, ,! If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread, 1 ' Jesus answered him, "It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone but by every word that proc'eedeth out of the mouth of God." For the second temptation, the devil took Jesus to Jerusalem to a high pinnacle of the temple, and said unto Him, "If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence." And he reminded Jesus that God had prom- ised to protect Him.. But Jesus answered again, "It is written, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. 11 Then the third temptation: the devil took Jesus to a great high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. He said to Jesus, "All these things will I give thee if thou wilt fall down and worship me." Jesus answered, "Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and Hojil only shalt thou serve." After the devil failed to make Jesus do wrong, he left Him for a time* And then the angels came and min- istered to Jesus. No doubt they fed and strengthened Him and praised Him for His victory over the wicked one. Jesus had the power to make bread from stones and to leap from -the temple, but Fie did not have to prove it to Satan, Some day" He will have glory from all nations, but He will not have to worship Satan to receive them. Jesus is greater and more powerful than Satan. He will help us, too, when someone wants us to do wrong if we ask Him, trust Him, and do what He tells us. — L.C. THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 OCTOBER, 1965 NO. 10 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 HARVEST TIME Springtime for sowing, summer for growing, Autumn for harvesting time is here; Winter for keeping, after the reaping, Bounty of summertime's end of the year. So we are living, keeping or giving, Seasons in coming quickly pass by. Where are we going? How are we rowing? Harvest time answers as moments fly. What are we doing? How are we viewing? Precious time passing, end drawing near; At season's closing, what our disposing? Harvest time answers to end of year. What of our reaping — what good be keeping? Do we have treasures in Heaven land? Have we been loving, God's blessings proving? Harvest time answers where we may stand. When we are nearing autumn time's clearing, Closer to winter season of rest, Close to our treasures, near to our pleasures, Harvest time answer if we be blest. Looking for waking, new season breaking, Winter rest over, springtime has come, Lifetime eternal, regions supernal, Harvest time answer r Heavenly Home. — J. I. Cover THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine pu dished monthly in the interests of the mem bers of Tha Old B rethren Church. Subscrlpl ion rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. P ublh hing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box II 60, Sonora Calif. 1 AND UNTO HEM THAT SMITETH THEE.-. The Lord Jesus was speaking to a great multitude of Kis disciples on a Judean plain. He was teaching them truths so pro found , yet so simple, that His followers down through the ages would study, obey and love them. Jesus taught them there with authority, and we do well to recognize that authority today* These truths are for us if we are His disciples. Jesus' listeners were used to the law of Moses. "Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe, and even life for life 11 was this law, and it had become a part of their way of life. But this Man was teaching them something different and teaching it with authority, Jesus taught,' "'Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you," bless them that eurse you, and pray for them which despite fully use you. And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek,.. 11 (What is He saying?) n offer also the other, 1 ' How can this be? Are we supposed to ask to be smitten again? We in. our time think we are used to this principle. But how would we reapond if we were used to "an eye for an eye n ? And are we as used to applying this principle as we think we are? Yes, we have been taught for gen- erations that we must not take up arms, but to promote peace ana-withdraw from all participation in war* Praise God that this true : doctrine has been and still is taught. According to our Lord's teaching, war is wrong for Christians." He says, "Blessed are -the peace- makers," " But this principle also enters into our daily rela- tionships with our brethren', "friends, acquaintances, and even those who would take -advantage of us. Perhaps here we could stand improvement. The Lord continues, "And THE PILGRIM him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy coat also. Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again. And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise. " This rule asks that we treat with love even those who do not treat us that way. In the following verses Jesus points out that there is no par- ticular virtue in doing good only to them that do good to us or in loving only those who love us. But how ready we are to demand our rights, fair payment, and the return of everything that belongs to us. How in- dignant we become if we even suspect that we have suf- fered injustice. But with our friends and brethren, our reactions sometimes take the form of offenses or hurt feelings. It is said that a man cannot be offended but by one he loves and respects. Even sincere criticism sometimes brings offenses and stubbornness. This should not be. If we are to love and pray for our enemies, how much more our friends and brethren. If we are to turn the other cheek to him that smiteth us, how much more for- bearing and loving we should be to a brother or one who intends to help us. Now why should this principle become part of our lives? First ^of all, because Jesus taught this. Let us recognize His authority and His right to teach us even though we may not fully understand or know the reason. Second,. Matthew 5:44,45 tells us that we should love our enemies, bless them that curse us, do good to them that hate us, and pray for them that despitefully use us and persecute us, that we may be the children of our Father which i_s in heaven. VJe"™shoulTTeaHi'" ,: tcrbe like cur heavenly Father "for he is kind unto the un- thankful and to the evil." (Luke 6:35) Third, we should obey this teaching because it works. Anyone who has ever tested this principle of non-resistance, knows that it is effective. "A soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger" is just as true now as when the wise man wrote it 3000 years ago. "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heav- en is perfect." (Matthew 5:48) — L.G. THE PILGRIM JUSTIFIED by FAITH - The Brethren are often accused of being weak on' the doctrine of justification by faith and of having * a low view of grace. We feel. the Brethren believe the New -Testament doctrine of salvation by faith alone, - We can see why those outside of the r faith would think that we were trying, to work our way to Heaven; (bec'ause they can not descern the spirit) also, only •those in the faith can see how weak and insufficient works are in themselves » The/ scriptures clearly teach that works alone will not save us. The rich young man had plenty; of works, yet he was lacking* The people at the judgement who will say, "Have we not done many worderful works? u no doubt, trusted in works alone* The scribes and phari>~ sees did.' many good works, but Jesus often refused them* We could even give our lives and it would profit us nothing if we only trusted in works. • 'We Can easily see how we could have works without •faith (which profit eth nothing) but in no way can we have the true faith and not have works,*.. The'se works; we mentioned before, we feel are good, - "and the 'Lord /requires them of His children, but it was the motive' in which they were done that the Lord could not accept them*.. So we need not fear works, but we need to .fear motiveo 9 ■ : -Works are cnly, a "by-product of a Christian life. If we have the'triis Spirit of God and- are earnestly trying to please KIm 5 we ne.ed not be concerned .about 'works because they will be manifested*, .Only the true Christian can see how little works have to do with obtaining salvation, and that if we .honestly compare ourselves to the greatness of God we can clearly see that only Grace could save us. We all could we say with what Kenno Simons wrote over four' ' hundred years ago:' - .■,.--.= - v A CONPESSTON"OF',THE DISTRESSED CHRISTIANS " Think not, beloved reader, that we boast of being perfect and without -sins. Not at all* As forme, I THE PILGRIM confess that often my prayer is mixed with sin and my righteousness with unrighteousness, for by the grace of God I feel (if I but observe the anointing which is in me) when I compare my weak nature to Christ and His commandment , what kind of flesh I have inherited from Adam. If God should judge us according to our deserts and not according to His great goodness and mercy, then I confess with the holy David that no man could stand before His judgment. Therefore it should be far from us that we should comfort ourselves with anything but the grace of God through Christ Jesus. For He it is and none other who has perfectly fulfilled the. right- eousness required by God, ,. For Christ T s sake we are in grace; for His sake we are heard; and for His sake our faults and failings which are committed against our will are remitted. For it is He who stands between His Father and His Imperfect children with His perfect righteousness, and with His innocent blood and death, and intercedes for all those who believe an Him. Notice, my dear reader , that we do not believe nor teach that we are to be saved by our merits and works. All the truly regenerated and spiritually-minded conform in all things to the word and ordinances of the Lord. Not because they think to merit the atonement of their sins and eternal life. By no means. In this matter they depend upon nothing except the true promise of the merciful Father, given in grace to all believers through the blood and merits of Christ.... A truly be- lieving Christian is thus minded that he will not do otherwise than that which the word of the Lord teaches and enjoins. I have read recently that they write that there is but one good work which saves us, namely faith, and but one .sin that will damn us, namely unbelief. I will let this pass without finding fault, for where there is a genuine, true faith there also are all manner of genuine good fruits. On the other hand, where there is unbe- lief there also are all manner of evil fruits. There- fore salvation is properly ascribed to faith, and damnation' to unbelief. — Kenneth Martin Nappanee, Indiana. THE PILGRIM ... COMMIT YOURSELF" ' A philosopher admonished a. group of intellectuals by stating, that many treat ideas the .same way sdme incur** able bachelors treat their girl friends* They flirt with them but never really settle down, "with one * - ''''■ ' His counsel to his. friends was that they should have the courage to nistrry some, great idea and raise children* By' this he pointed out that the only fruitful approach intellectually. is finally- to end, the period of 'suspen- ded judgment and get on with. the business until new light" breaks* - • f '\\ Tf we. are to be responsible persons, we must commit "ourselves* We : must give up the dissipating luxury of "always living on suspended judgments. We need; to de- clare ourselves True education does hot draw persons away, from having, loyalties or making- real- commitments* Rather, it ..helps persons : look at their loyalties care- fully .arid 'honestly, to determine if they are worthy ? oneso So'me .escape making decisions by forever asking ■ questions and 'never coining to any answers, perhaps not even desiring an answer You see an answer always has .implications. It puts a person to work, : ' . Some time ago a missionary was speaking of one who never got things doxie because he was always asking ques- tions c Every approach to anything was preceded by so many : questions he .could not bring himself to do any- thing. Although questions are extremely important , yet '"it is true ..that we "can evade what needs to be done by all the time raising, questions* ' "Finally this missionary said, "There comes 'a time when you must stop asking questions and get to work, n In other xords., I think he was saying- what the philoso- pher .said when" he ; ..stated., "Marry some .great, idea and : rais.e' children* fI Me must,.: if we are responsible- per- sons, .decide /on something and- then do what needs- Hx^ife done. . . ,' . , • .""■-" '- So,; real, scholars or '.. honest . persons- are not- those: who are uncofnmi tied -*.. . They are rather those who have loyal- THE PILGRIM ties and commitments which they believe in strongly and will defend. At the same time they attempt to be open to greater loyalties and commitments* Of course, there are opposite dangers. Some are satisfied if their thinking is never challenged. In fact, they feel threatened if anyone challenges their viewpoint or questions what has been done. Such seldom search their loyalties and commitments to see if they are worthy of holding. Some have about the same child- ish ideas they had years ago because they have never looked for new light. In fact, they fear it. But to live continually in the atmosphere of suspen- ded judgment is just as serious. Perhaps it is more dangerous because it gives a person no place to stand, Such, assuming that they have not arrived at an answer, can hardly be held responsible to follow any one course. They simply aren f t sure at this point. Persons can go either way the wind blows with the same amount of ease if they have not decided which direction they are de- termined to go. Christ's call is for committed disciples. To be His disciples means, of course, x^e are searchers for truth. It also means we are those who live by the truth as we now see it. . He does not call us to vague uncertainties but to that upon which we can stand with confidence. — Editorial In July 1965 Gospel Herald, Selected by Daniel F. Wolf, The members of the Salida congregation rejoiced again when a young husband, Fred Miller, accepted Christ and received baptism on September 12, 1965. May God guide him all his life, and may he be an inspiration to those who know him. —Daniel F. Wolf Our daily walk should be like one whose path goes about a mountain, but climbs a little higher with each circuit until at last he gains the clear summit and looks into the face of God. , THE PILGRIM LIFE'S HIGHWAY Life is like a busy highway With the competion strong, You will need to watch your driving As you swiftly roll along. Watch the curves, the grades, the crossings, Ever mindful of your load. Keep your foot upon the throttle And your eyes upon the road. Do not fall for wine or liquor; •Keep your mind and vision clear. Thus avoid potential danger That we know 'is always near. You 'ID need help when you are driving; You'll need God, the Spirit, Son. Then when life's long journey's ended, ■ You will hear the words', "Well done." -—Guy Hootman IT IS ^ COMFORT, TO MEET PEOPLE. , . Who preach but- little and practise much, "Who act -their part w3.ll from choice and not from duty. Who do not tell .you, that your day of adversity will also come, : Who find more pleasure in being pleasant than in re- counting what is unpleaaant. Who beleive that most things are possible, and are ready to give encouragement to everybody. Who do not claim to be good but prove by their actions that they are. Who think that sound doctrine should be lived more and talked less. Who do not tell you that you ought to be cheerful, but instead make you feel that way. — Selected by Martha Cover THE PILGRIM } LETTERS OF JOHN HUSS / TO HIS FRIENDS, CONCERNING HIS FURIOUS RECEPTION BY THE COUNCIL OF CONSTANCE (1415) I, Master John Huss, in hope, servant of Christ, and ardently believing that believers in Christ may not, when I shall have ceased to live, find in my death an opportunity for scandal, and lock on me as an obstinate heretic, do take to witness Jesus Christ, for the sake of whose word I have wished to die; and I leave in writ- ing the remembrance of these things for the friends of truth. I had often declared, both in private, in public, and before the Council, that I would consent to an in- quiry, and would submit myself to instruction, abjura- tion, and punishment, if it was demonstrated to me that I had written, taught, or disseminated, any thing con- trary to the truth. But fifty doctors, who stated that they were deputed by the Council, having been frequent- ly corrected by me, and even in public, for having false- ly extracted articles from my works, refused me any pri- vate explanation, and declared that they would not con- fer with me, saying, You ought to submit yourself to the decision of the Council. And the Council mocked when, in the public audience, I quoted the words of Christ and the holy doctors; at one time they reproached me with . misunderstanding them, and, at another, the doctors in- sulted me. \ An English doctor, who had already said to me in pri- vate, that Wycliffe had wished to annihilate all science, and had filled his books and his logic with errors, be- gan to discourse on the multiplication of the body of Christ in the consecrated host, and, as his arguments were weak, he was told to be silent; then he cried out: 10 THE PILGRIM "This man deceives the Council; take care that the Council be not led into error as it was by Berenger." When he was silent, another discussed noisily concern- ing the created and common essence. All began to clamor against him. I then demanded that he might be heard , and said to him, "You argue well; I will answer you most willingly* " Ke also broke down, and he added in a sul- len voice: "This man is a heretic." The Seignior Wenceslaus Duba, John de Chlum, and Peter, the notary, valiant champions and friends of the truth, know what clamors, what unworthy raillery and blasphemies were poured upon me in this assembly. Stunned by so much, I said, "I thought there was to be found in this Council, more decency, more piety, and more discipline." All then began to listen, for the. Emperor had commanded si- lence to- be observed, The cardinal who presided said to me — "You spoke more humbly in your prison." I answered — "It is true; for then no one clamored against me, and now they are all vociferous." He added — "Will you submit to an investi- gation"? n "I consent to it," replied I, "within the limits which I have fixed." "Take this for the result of the inquiry," resumed the cardinal, "that the doctors have declared the articles extracted from your books to be errors, which you ought to efface, in abjuring those already testified against you by witnesses." The Emper- or afterwards said — "This will soon be committed to writing for you, and you will answer it." "Let that be done at the next auflience, " said the cardinal; and the sitting closed. God knows how many trials I have suf- fered since! TO HIS FRIENDS, CONCERNING HIS INWARD STRUGGLES IN PRISON (1415) The Lord be with you I The warning of the Lord is more precious to me than gold and topaz. I hope, then, in the mercy of Jesus Christ, that he will grant me his spirit, that I may hold fast in the truth. Pray to the Lord; for the spirit is willing and the flesh is weak. THE PILGRIM 11 May the Almighty God be the reward of my well-beloved Nobles, who with a constant, fervent, and faithful heart , persevere in justice. God will enable them to know the truth in the kingdom of Bohemia. But that they may cling to it, it is necessary they -return to Bohemia, forgetting vainglory in order to attach themselves to a King who is neither mortal nor subject to our miseries, but who is the King of Glory, giving eternal life. Oh! with what sweet pleasure did I press the hand of the Seignior John, who did not blush to offer it to me, an unfortunate man — to me, a heretic, in chains, de- spised and loudly condemned by. all. I shall not much longer hold discourse with you; salute, therefore, our faithful Bohemians. Paletz came to visit me. In prison/ and accosted me in my deep distress, by telling me, in presence of the Commissioners, that since the birth of Christ, there had risen no heretic- more dangerous than Wycliffe and myself. He further declared, that all those who have listened to my, preachings are infected with this heresy, which consists in affirming that the material bread re- mains in the sacrament of the altar. "0 Paietz," I answered, "how cruel are these words!' and how much thou sinnest against me. I am about to die; perhaps when I rise from my bed I shall be conducted to the stake. VJhat reward will they give thee in Bohemia? » I should have perhaps abstained from writing these things, for fear of appearing to hate them. I have ever kept in mind these words, "Put not your • trust in princes;" and this other text, which says, "Cursed is he .who trusts in man only." ... Be prudent, r ; f or the sake of God, whether you should remain in this place, or whether you return; do not carry about you any of my letters, but disperse my writ- * ing amongst all pur friends. . Learn that I have had a great combat to sustain, in not wondering at my dreams. r dreamed of the Pope's evasion before it took place, and after the event being -related, I heard, in the mighttime, the Seignior John say, "The Pope will return to you." I have dreamed of Master Jerome r s captivity, but not in what way. "it should 12 THE PILGRIM occur; and likewise of the different prisons to which I should be conducted, such as they were afterwards as- signed to me , but without any particular details,., A multitude of serpents often presented themselves be- fore me , rolled up into a circle, the head forming the tail. I have seen many other things besides. I write this, not that I consider myself a prophet, or that I should exalt myself, but in order to tell you I have experienced both mental and bodily temptations, as well as great fear of transgressing the precepts of our Lord Jesus Christ. I think now of these words of Jerome, who said to me, n If I go to Constance, I do not believe I shall return thence," A worthy shoe-maker, Andre Polonus, said, whilst bidding me farewell, "May God be with you: I can hardly hope that you will return safe and sound, very dear Master John, you who cling with so much force to truth. May the King, not he of Hungary, but of Heaven, bestow on you his blessings for the true and excellent doctrines I have learned from you.*" (From "Great Voices of the Reformation" — Fosdick) HYMN STUDY IT IS WILL WITH MY SOUL This hymn which expressed faith, hope and consola- tion, in the midst of trials, temptations, and sorrows, was written by Horatio Gates Spafford. He was born in New York State on October 30, 1828 and later became a, lawyer While connected with an institution in Chicago as professor of medical jurisprudence, he lost a great part, of his fortune, by the great fire which swept that city* This disaster was followed by the loss of his . children on the steamer, Ville de Havre, November '22, 187% : So, at the age of 45 Spafford had suffered not only great financial loss but the loss of his children. He mu,st have been a devout Christian,' for he wrote his hymn of submissive faith at the end o£ this same/ year, -A friend of Spafford* s ..who knew Ms history read this hymn whilie repining under an inferior affliction THE PILGRIM 13 of his own. "If he can feel like that after suffering what he has suffered" he said, "I will"' cease my com- plaints." It might not have been the weight of Mr. Spaffords sorrows wearing him down, but one would infer some men- tal disturbance in the man seven or eight years later. "In 1881" writes Mr. Hubert P. Main, "he went to Jeru- salem under the hallucination that he was a second Mes- siah and died there on the seventh anniversary of his landing in Palestine, September 5, 1888. The experiences of Mr. Spafford remind us of Job l s life somewhat, only it seems that the later years of their lives were quite different. The sentiments of this hymn remind us of what the Apostle Paul wrote in Philippians 4. "I have learned -in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content. ' I know both how to be abased, and I, know how to abound: everywhere and in'" all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need. I can do all things through Christ which strenth- eneth me." When peace like a river, attendeth my way, When sorrows, like sea billows, roll; Whatever my lot, thou hast taught me to say, It Is well, it Is well with my soul. Tho r Satan should buffet, tho 1 trials should come, Let this blest assurance control, That Christ hath regarded my helpless estate, And hath shed His own blood for my soul. My sin, oh, the bliss of this glorious tho't — My sin— not in part, but the whole, Is nailed to His cross and I bear it no more, Praise the Lord, praise the Lord, rny soul. Oh, Lord, haste the day when my faith shall be sight, The clouds be rolled back as a scroll, The trump shall resound, and the Lord shall descend, "Even so"— It is well with my soul. (Chorus) It is. well with my soul, It is well, it is well with my soul. — J #L«C. 14 : ______ THE PILGRIM - ; BIBLE CHARACTERS. . "DANIEL THE PROPHET 11 -With these words, our Lord Jesus Christ recognised the authority of this famous Old Testament character. Isaiah had prophesied in the days of Hezeklah that Hezekiah's descenders would be taken away and would become servants in the palace of the king of Babylon. This prophecy was fulfilled when Daniel and his friends ; w r ere taken to Baby- lon as prisoners of war under Nebuchadnezzar. The Bible is., silent about Daniel's family , but he seems to have been of either the royalty or the nobili- ty. .It is thought that he was yet in his teens when he was- taken-- to Babylon. Someone surely must have been diligent with his religious upbringing. Can we imagine for a moment what it would .be like 'for such a young man to be taken hundreds of miles from home into a strange country, among .a strange people, with a strange language, with strange customs, and with a strange religion? It was soon noticed that Daniel posessed above aver- age ability, and so he was selected to be trained for service in the king*s palace. Daniel's Hebrew name, which meant h God is my judge 11 ., was at once replaced with "Belteshazaar 11 after 'the name of Nebuchadnezzar 1 s Idol god. No doubt this was intended to eliminate any sug- gestion of his responsibility to the true God. Arrange- ments were made to ^supply Daniel with a portion of the same food which the king ate. This was not consistent with Hebrew food laws, and Daniel had definite convic- tions against conforming to the ways of the heathen. n Bat Daniel purposed in his heart' 1 is the way the Bible puts it, and we believe this was no half-hearted notion of what ought to be done, but a deep resolve based upon a genuine faith in God. And how wonderfully God honored this faith by bring- ing Daniel into favor with his political masters and giving him a pleasing physical appearance as well as skill in all learning and wisdom and understanding in all visions and dreams. When, at the end of his train- ing period, Daniel was commanded to appear before the THE PILGRIM - . 15 king for examination, he" was found to be TEM- times bet- ter than all the wise men in the kingdom. This is a tremendous statement — not just better or' even twice as good but TEW times betterl It is interesting to notice the high esteem in which Daniel was held by those ; of his own generation. The Babylonian monarch Nebuchadnezzar elevated him to the highest position in the government next to himself and testified that the spirit of the holy gods was- in hirru The contemporary prophet Ezekiel compared him with Noah and Job as a model of righteousness. Greater than these, however, was a visitation by the angel Gabriel who ad- dressed him as n greatly beloved 15 . It has^ been estimated that more than ten thousand volumnes have been written about the Book of Daniel. " — JHarold Royer Elkhart , Indiana CHILDREN'S PAGE - LET YCUR LIGHT SHINE One of ^ Jesus T first sermons is called the "Sermon on the Mount o" He spoke It from a mountain to a great crowd of His disciples. He taught them, this: "Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and It giveth light unto all that 'are In -the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven." Jesus is telling us here that if we are His people, we are like lights that shine in the night. He says that we' are the light of the' world. This is because the world Is in the "darkness of- sin, and the only light comes from Jesus through His people. Then He tells us that if a city is on a hill it cannot be hid. And if men light a candle, they do not put it under a basket but on a candlestick so that it -can shine and light' the house. It would not make very good sense, would it, if we would turn on a light and immediately cover it so it 16 THE PILGRIM could not shine, Jesus wants us to shine and be seen like a city on a hill or a candle on a candlestick. The people who believe in Jesus are different from those who do not. Those who do not are in the dark, and Jesus calls on His people to be seen, be happy, and do good before others to show His light to those who are in the dark. So. let us not be ashamed to be known as believers in Jesus, Let us be glad that we have the light and let us let our lights shine* — L.C. Jesus bids us shine, with a clear, pure light, Like a little candle burning in the night; In this world of darkness, we must shine, You in your small corner, and I in mine, Jesus bids us shine, first of all for Him; ' Well He sees and knows it if our light is dim; He looks "down- from heaven, sees us shine, You in your small corner, and I in mine, Jesus bids us shine, then for all around, Many kinds of darkness in this world abound, Sin and want and sorrow; we must shine, You in your small corner and I in mine, Jesus, bids us shine, as we work for Him, Bringing those that wander from the paths of sin; He'will ever help us, If we shine, You in your small corner, and I in mine. Just being glad is a brave thing to do; Looking for the glad things rather than the blue; Filling life with sunshine, just a steady glow; Looking for the glad things everywhere we go, — Sel, COMMUNION NOTICE The Salida Congregation have set November 6th and 7th for our Fall Love feast Meeting. A hearty invitation Is extended to members and friends to attend. —Daniel F. Wolf THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 NOVEMBER, 1965 NO, 11 "Dearly beloved, \ beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 THANKSGIVING THOUGHT Thanksgiving comes* but once a jrear, And yet the whole year ' round The heart of love 9 the heart of cheer Will make a joyful sound; And we who keep Christ's loving way Will have Thanksgiving every day. .Thanksgiving comes but once a year-, But harvests need not wait; We can cast all our doubt and fear Daily, and soon or late Find harvests in our hearts that shine .More fair than wheat fields can design. Rejoice on this Thanksgiving Day That it peed have no end; That every' hour in every way Life is a steadfast friend To all who practice well the art Of true Thanksgiving in the heart! by Eleanor Halbrook Zimmerman THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora, Calif. THANKSGIVING Thanksgiving to God for general and special blessings that we are continually receiving is always in place — our duty, privelege, and joy. God has revealed Himself to us in His Word; He has created us, preserves us, and has provided for us in a wonderful way, and has promised us "the life that now is, and that which is to come 11 — provided we follow after godliness. Thanksgiving to God indicates that we have had the fulfillment of a promise or promises from Him. We have indeed many "exceeding great and precious promises; that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust." What wonderful cause we have for thanks- giving for this I The fulfilling of God's promises to us is like the gentle spring rain, so wonderfully refreshing, reviving, and inducing to growth and maturity.. God sends His rain of blessings on the "just and unjust": all mankind are indebted to Kim. It is possible to be ungrateful for blessings. We read, "Because that when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened." Dear reader, we are approaching the time of the year of a general Thanksgiying Day. It may be there will be a display of much bounty, immoderate eating, and heavy drinking, so that the purpose of true thankfulness may be forgotten and darkened by our attitude and forget- fulness! Again we read: "For who maketh thee to differ from another? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive ? Now if thou didst receive it why dost thou glory as if thou hast not received it?" How vain and THE PILGRIM self-important it is possible to become I Let us recount, assess, and estimate our many bless- ings — the pledges of God's love to us — especially the greatest blessing and gift to humanity, God's only Son, our Lord Jesus Christ "who has abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gos- pel." "Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift." May we be truly thankful to God every day; and may this coming Thanksgiving Day be spent in prayers and songs of thankfulness, Lord. "to Thee on high Who does my needs supply, I raise my song. Thy mercies full and free On every hand I see, Thy tender care for me To keep from wrong. 1 praise Thee that Thy grace Saves from a fallen race Who come to Thee. Thy power can make me whole And fully save my soul; Where ceaseless ages roll, There I may be. May all who know Thy ways, All join in songs of praise, Thy name to own. Guide us along the way, That we may never stray, Till we may praise and pray Around Thy throne. — J. I. Cover Sonora , California Give thanks part of the time and live thanks the rest of the time. — Selected THE PILGRIM , ' SEED TIME AND HARVEST TIME In St. Matthew 6:34 we read, "Take therefore no thought for the morrow, " These words, or their proper interpretation, which came from the lips of Him who is the Way, the Truth and the Life have their essential and highly needful place in the Christian life, hut if confined to the simple or literal meaning of those words they would seem out of harmony with the overall requi- sites of Christian life and conduct. For to sow wheat in the ground this fall we simply hope for a rewarding harvest next summer if God gives the increase, If sowing the wheat were the only objective in itself, then work would be empty and fruitless. But the funda- mental law in nature is that seed time must precede harvest time which is the final and full fruitage of our earthly labors. In the great work of God ! s creation, what a beautiful analogy we see in the many forms in nature that so beautifully parallel the divine laws and characteristics of the divine and spiritual life and Its attainments which so far transcend the earthly realm as the heaven is high above the earth. Thus the spiritual seed time and its consequent harvest time are of first, greatest, and unequaled value, Of this harvest we read In Revela- tion 14:14-16, John saw a white cloud on which one sat like unto the Son of man, having in. his hand a sharp sickle, and another angel cried unto him, "Thrust in thy sickle; for the'- harvest of the earth is ripe," This we believe to be when He will send and gather His elect from the four winds of the earth. But following this will be another angel also having a sharp sickle thrusting in his sickle to gather the vine of the earth, cast it into the great wine press of the wrath of God; and blood will flow even to'"* the- horse bridles, Ohi the seriousness of the apostle's declaration, "Whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap." Someday tares and fruits of unrighteousness must reap the everlasting burnings. Hear the words of John the forerunner of Christ whose fan is in his hand and he THE PILGRIM will throughly purge his floor , and gather the wheat into the garner; but he will burn the chaff with un- quenchable fire. Who can fathom the magnitude of the glory of the illustrious harvest when the saints of all ages and the -dear loved ones who have been severed from our presence can' again embrace each other in the full- ness of eternal duration. "0 the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearch- able are his judgments/ and his ways past finding out!" Who can fathom the depth of the tragedy, the misery, the woe, and the sadness of those who have sowed to the flesh, enjoyed the fleeting pleasures of sin for but a very brief season, fail to reach the glorious harvest of joy in the kingdom of God, and must now be consigned to the everlasting.- condemnation and judgments of Almighty God? -Dear ones, let us be diligent in sowing and. cultivating the works of righteousness that the harvest may be ETERNAL LIFE. • — David A. Skiles Rossville, India'na THANKSGIVING Thanksgiving is a state of mind, It isn't a feast or a day; It's the joy you feel within your heart For blessings God sends your way. It's the knowledge that God is good, That His. is a boundless supply; That you need but to ask in faith To make all your good multiply. Whenever you* re prompted to praise As you kneel in the silence to pray — When joy and "love call forth your thanks- You are proclaiming Thanksgiving Day. By Rae Cross Selected by Martha Cover 6 _. .. ._. THE ..PILGRIM EDITORIAL.. . With this fall season comes a development that could be cause for thanksgiving around the world. The Roman Catholic Vatican Council -has passed a resolution on religious liberty stating the right of every man to obey his own conscience as long "as he does not invade the rights of others. (This they have announced, how- ever, without surrendering their own claim to "superior truth 11 .) Adding weight to this declaration was the pope's visit to New York and the United Nations preach- ing peace. This was the first visit of a pope to the United States, This statement of religious liberty is in contrast to the historic Catholic position that "error has no rights. " Of course , it Is just one evidence of the seeming "softening 11 of the Roman Church toward protes- tants and the world in general. However, it remains to be seen whether or not this will be a real softening in areas where Catholics are in power, One thing seems certain: changes are coming. In assessing these changes it is well to bear in mind that this same power has been treacherous and brutal in the past. Our "Historical" section in this issue is only one of perhaps millions of instances. The new position seems to come largely from pressure from American Catholics. So it may not mean too much in actual practice in areas like Spain and Latin America. We can be thankful for these signs of softening if they actually mean the easing of hardship for Christian people in some areas, but we should also remember that there have been tliaes, and It seems to be now, when men say "Peace, peace," when there is no peace.. The day of the Lord mentioned in I Thessaionians 5*2 will come in a time when men shall say, "Peace and safety;" then sudden destruction cometh upon them. The question is: Can this great, treacherous power known as the Roman Church be trusted in this instance? Let them prove by actions rather than words that they really mean this pronouncement ' about religious liberty for all men t — L.C. THE PILGRIM HYMN STUDY I GAVE MY LIFE FOR THEE The value of the legacy which Frances Ridley Havergal left to humanity is beyond reckoning. The youngest child of the family of Rev, W. H. Havergal , she was petted and made much of, partly on account of delicacy of health, and because she was such a lovable child. But this did not spoil her character, as from her teens she seemed to have felt conscious of religion, and to have desired a life of service to others. Never strong, her constitution was taxed to the ut- most by her arduous and varied labors and correspon- dence. Not only in poetry did Frances Havergal excel, but in music also* She set some of her poems to melody. Her religious spirit was a buoyant one,, and all her hymns are manifestations of that serene happiness she had been able to achieve. Her song of faith and praise never tired; she had a living joy in serving her Master. Once in speaking to friends of her early life, she related that when she was fourteen, all her morbidness, fears and doubts seemed to be lifted, and ever after- ward nothing but happiness filled her being. Her well-known hymn "I Gave My Life for Thee 11 first appeared in "Good Words 11 . It was written in Germany when Frances was staying there with friends. It was in the year 188Q, according to her sister, that Frances had come in weary, and had sat down oppo- site a picture with -that motto. At once the lines flashed upon her, and she wrote them in pencil on a scrap of paper. When she read them over, they did not satisfy her. She tossed them into the fire, but they fell out unmarked. Some months later she showed them to her father and he encouraged her to preserve them. He wrote the tune "Baca" especially for them. Her life work finished, Frances Havergal died at Caswell Bay, near Swansea, England. She was only forty- THE PILGRIM three * The many hymns that she wrote will continue to live and bring comfort to all who use them. I gave My life for thee, My precious blood I shed, That thou might' st ransomed be, And quickened from the dead; I gave, I gave My life for thee, What hast thou given for Me? My Father's house of light, My glory-circled throne I left for earthly night, And wanderings sad and lone; I left, I left it all for thee, Hast thou left aught for Me? I suffered much for thee, More than thy tongue can tell, Of bitterest agony, To rescue thee from hell; I've borne, I've borne it all for, thee, What hast thou borne for Me? And I have brought to thee, Down from My home, above, Salvation full and free, My pardon arid Xy love: I bring, I bring rich gifts to thee, What hast thou brought to Me? From ".Stories of Wonderful Hymns" by Kathleen Blanchard This, is the Fathers world; 01 let us ne'er forget That though the wrong may oft be strong, God is the ruler yet. Selected by Orpha Wagner THE PILGRIM THANKSGIVING It is good To set aside a day when we remember ; That the beauty about us — The land, the sea, the sky, And all that is, Is not as a result of our power, But really, truly Because of the Divine love And providence of God Who cares. Father, instill in us A right spirit, So that what we see Is not so much The many things we have For our own, But what others do not have To call their own. Thus — in this light Let us be thankful. Thanksgiving — quite inexpressible in words Yet adequately expressed In little deeds or silent gifts That arise spontaneously Almost sympathetically When the chord of love is struck. Thus, in- the touch of a moment We express something almost inexpressible And we give thanks. Selected by Suzie Wagner The Lord knows our thoughts. If we think about sweet and lovely things, we need not be ashamed to have Him know what we think about. n _ '. Selected 10 THE PILGRIM OBITUARY MARY YOST, daughter of Daniel M. and Hannah Wise Miller, was born in Carroll County, Indiana, January 3> 1891. She departed this life October 27, 1965 at the age of 74 years, 9 months and 24 days, at the Home Hospital, Lafayette, Indiana where she had been admitted a few hours earlier with a severe heart attack. She was united in marriage with Silas S. Yost Decem- ber 23. 1915, He preceded her in death October 28, 1953- To this union was born one son, Lester M., who survives with his wife, Georgia, Also surviving are two granddaughters, Aurelia Howard and Clarice Ruber and their companions, and two great-grandchildren, Gregory and Donna Howard. She was a member of The Old Brethren Church to which she remained faithful until death. She was anointed in May following her first heart attack, from which she received much consolation. She grieved that she had been unable to attend ser- vices the last year and could no longer entertain the members and children in her home. She lived in this community most of her life and will be greatly missed by her family, church, neighbors and friends. Funeral services were at Sullivan Funeral Home, Camden, Indiana, October 30, 1>65 3 conducted by Brethren Paul Clark, D. A, Skiles, and Elmer Brovant; scripture reading: 23rd Psaln, Isaiah 57*1,2,19,20,21, Hebrews: 4:9; Text: Si* John ,. 14*1, 2 ,3, Revelation 21:1-7; Hymns: 384,392, Burial was at Wise Cemetery near her home. Graveside service was conducted by Brother Melvin Coning. Hymn 456 was sung. . —The Family There is an hour of peaceful rest To mourning wanderers given; There is a joy for souls distressed, A balm for every wounded breast: 'Tis found alone in Heaven. Hymn 466 THE PILGRIM 11 Pfetttrtcal (Continuing our Historical selections on. "The Reform- ation", we have for this issue the story of another martyr and hero of the Truth.) JEROME OF PRAGUE In less than a year from the execution of John Huss, the same scene of injustice and barbarity was acted a second time, though with some variety of circumstances, in the same polluted theatre, Jerome, master in theol- ogy in the university of Prague, and a layman, . was the disciple of John Huss* Huss (says Aeneas Sylvius) was superior in age and authority; but Jerome was held, more excellent in learning and eloquence. While the former presided in the chair, the latter delivered his lectures In the schools; and the same opinions were taught with equal zeal and effect by the one and by the other. In the troubles, which had been excited through those opin- ions, Jerome had had, perhaps, the greater share; there was at least no favorable feature to distinguish his offence from that of his master. Accordingly he was summoned to Constance soon after the meeting of the Council; and he appeared there on the 4th of April, 1415* not unprepared for the treatment which awaited him. It should be observed that he also obtained a safe-conduct from the Emperor; -.but that in his case the conditional clause, salva semper justitia, was inserted; whereas that of Huss contained no such provision. At his first audience (on May 23rd) he exhibited great firmness; but at the second, which took place on- ly thirteen days after the execution of Huss, it was ex- pected that the impression made by that frightful exam- ple would render him more tractable. And so assuredly it proved; for on his third examination (on September 11th) he submitted, after suffering much insult and in- timidation, to make a formal and solemn retractation. He 'anathematized all heresies, and especially that of 12 THE PILGRIM Wiclif and Huss with which he had been previously in- fected; he denounced the various articles which ex- pressed it as blasphemous, erroneous, scandalous; and offensive to pious ears, rash, and seditious; and pro- fessed his absolute adhesion to all the tenets of the Roman Church . . . T It was admitted that, in this mournful exhibition of human inconstancy, he had- satisfied every demand which was made upon his weakness, both in substance and in form; nevertheless he was still retained in confinement. After a short space, his enemies pressed forward with new charges against him. They found many eager listen- ers among the members of the Council; and Gerson himself again took up the pen of bigotry, and again sought to dip it in blood, Matters continued thus until the 23rd of May, 1415, when a final and public audience was granted to his repeated entreaties. On this occasion he recalled, with sorrow and shame, his former retrac- tation, and openly attributed, the unworthy act to its real and only motive — the fear of a painful death. His bitterest foes desired no further proof against him; and only seven days were allowed to elapse before he was condemned- and executed on the ' same spot which had been hallowed -by the sufferings of his master. The courage ^ which had c-bAiidoned him In the anticipa- tion of the flexes, returned with redoubled force as he approached them. The executioner would have kindled the fagots behind his back: "Place the fire before mo, n he exclaimed; "if I had dreaded it, I could have escaped it. ir . M Suc'h( (says Poggio the Florentine) was the end of a man .incredibly excellent, 1 was an eye-witness to that catastrophe , and beheld every act. I know not whether it was obstinacy or incredulity which moved him; but his death was like that of some one of the philosophers of .antiquity. Mutius Scaevola placed his hand in the flame-, and Socrates drank the poison with less firmness and" spontaneousness, than Jerome present- ed his body to the torture of the fire.' 1 . Whatsoever may have been the" respective excellence," In their living or in their martyrdom, of these two venerable heralds of the Reformation, the conduct of THE PILGRIM , 13 the Council was not at all less iniquitous in respect to its second^ than to its first 'victim* If in the one instance the violation of the safe-conduct displayed unblushing perfidy, the contempt of the retractation was at least as shameless in the other, The first crime was followed by no remorse; it seems rather to have led to the more calm and deliberate perpetration of the second. The principle by which the deeds were justified «* was never j for an instant, questioned in either case. And we should, at the same time, bear in mind (for it is a consideration deserving repeated notice,) that this was not a principle exclusively papal- — no peculiar eman- ation from the apostolical chair or the Court of Rome- it was a principle strictly ecclesiastical, animating the Council as the representative of the Church, and inflaming the individual bosom of the churchmen who composed it. It was embraced by the French and English, as warmly as by the Italians themselves; nor was it pressed to any greater extremity by the champions of ecclesiastical corruption, than by the men who called themselves its reformers. From Waddington* s "History of the Church", Come to the church, To the little white church; Good sermons you 1 11 hear, And God will seem near As you praise Him and pray In an old fashioned way In the plain little church in the valley. Come to the church, To the little white church; A welcome receive From those who believe That Christ is the Lord As we read in His word In the little plain church in the valley. — Guy Hootman 14 ' ' ' THE ; PILGRIM BIBLE CHARACTERS ST. LUKE, A MAN OF MANY ACCOMPLISHMENTS St # Luke, the Bible * s only Gentile author, was a man of many accomplishments, He was a physician, a mission- ary, a first-rate reporter, and a literary craftsman whose writing will bear comparison with that of Shake- speare and Dante. He "wrote two of the books of the New Testament — the third Gospel, which bears his name, and the Acts of the Apostles, which records the history of the early church, Luke does not tell much about himself but from his few personal references and from remarks about him in St. Paul's letters, scholars have concluded that he was a Greek doctor in Antioch, the first great center of Gentile Christianity. The practice of medicine in Luke's day was by no means as primitive as patronising moderns are apt to think. By the First Century A.D.. , Greek doctors had learned to set broken bones and perform surgical oper- ations on such delicate parts of the human anatomy as the eye and brain. It was not until the beginning of the 19th Century that medical science advanced materially beyond the point it had reached under the Greeks. To say that Luke was a physician then is to say he was a member of a scientific community whose standards and achievements still deserve the highest respect. Luke may have been converted to Christianity by the preaching of St* Paul. In any event, he joined the Apostle's missionary team on Paul's second voyage through Asia Minor, Luke worked at Philippi for a time as resident evangelist. He also lived at Caesarea for two years while Paul was imprisoned there, and accompanied Paul on his final journey to Rome, In his letters, Paul speaks of Luke warmly as "my fellow worker 11 and "the beloved physician* " In one letter written from prison not long before he was THE PILGRIM 1£ put to death, Paul says poignantly that "only Luke is with me." Luke's reputation as a reporter rests solidly upon the Book of Acts, which is an extremely detailed account of the events that took place in the Christian community during the earliest years of the church — from the- time of Christ's Ascension, about 30 A.D., until Paul's . . arrival in Rome, about 60 A.D. Luke is specific about people (he mentions 11.0 in- dividuals by name), places, times, and happenings* Biblical scholars have cross-checked every statement he makes against historical and archaeological evidence from all other available sources, and they have univer- sally substantiated his accuracy. To survive such close critical scrutiny without be- ing caught in a major error is a remarkable testimonial to a reporter who did not have librarians, researchers and sharp-eyed editors to keep him out of trouble. But Luke's greatest contribution is the Gospel he wrote (as he explained in a preface) to provide ,l an orderly account 1 ' of the life and ministry of Jesus Christ # The noted scholar Ernst Renan called Luke's Gospel "the most beautiful book ever written," Many other readers would second that verdict . It opens with what Is perhaps the most beloved pass- age In all literature— the Nativity story. Some of Luke's material duplicates that found in other Gospels. But posterity is indebted to Luke alonee for handing down the parables of the Prodigal Son, the Good Samaritan, and the Good Shepherd's Search for the Lost Sheep. Luke was particularly concerned to show how much Jesus cared for the poor and the outcast. Through vividly told narratives which have lost none of their impact over the past 20 centuries, he , communicates more effectively than any other Gospel writer' a sense of the compassion, under- standing and forgiveness men encountered in Jesus. By Louis Cassels in "The Stockton Record" Selected by Marvin Crawmer 16 THE PILGRIM CHILDREN'S. PAGE " ; "0 GIVE ■■ THANKS" ' This is the month when we have Thanksgiving Day, s day. of special thanks to God for all His blessings. The first settlers of this country set aside a day of Thanks- giving after their first successful crops were harvested in the new land. And this custom has been continued down through the years. Perhaps we can make a list of things we should be thankful for this year. And maybe you can think of other things as well. Let us remember that all the good gifts and blessings in our lives are from God. First, we should be thankful for good parents that love us and take care of us. We can show our thankful- ness for our parents by obeying them and pleasing them. We should be thankful to God most of all for Jesus, what He has done, and what He has taught to us. Ma should thank Kim for His Church where we learn to know and serve Hini and to love His people. Then we have gifts that we enjoy every day like food to eaty clothes to wear, beds to sleep in, toys to play with^ work to do ; schools where we can learn, teachers to help us learn, friends to know, and even the good, clear air that we breath* God gives us all these good gifts and many more - Vie can thank God for a good country where the govern- ment allows Christians to worship as they know is pleas-* ing to God, Our country makes good laws and protects those who are trying to do right. God wants us to pray for our country's leaders and be thankful for them. Each boy and girl also has his own special things to be thankful for. Everyone should thank God for his own abilities and make good use of them. You can make your own special list of good blessings and remember to be thankful for them — not only on this Thanksgiving Day, but every day of the year. — L.C. MEMORI VERSE: PSALM 118:1, "0 GIVE THANKS UNTO THE LORD? FOR HE IS GOOD: BECAUSE HIS MERCY ENDURETH FOR EVER." THE PILGRIM VOL. 12 DECEMBER, 1965 NO. 12 "Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 DAWNING DAY A ray of light in darkest night, . The Eden glow returning, And breaking day in colors gay, Of lovelight brightly burning. Oh Morning Star that lights from far, When hosts of angels singing, At Jesus' birth come down to earth, Salvation* s glory winging. With glorious dawn and darkness gone, Night watchers 'see the glory: The baby best in manger rest, Foretold in sacred story, The faithful sing, the coming King, The King of kings beginning His stay on earth of priceless worth To mankind lost in sinning. God loved the lost at priceless cost, Our great Redeemer giving, To build the way to brightest day, Reveals eternal living. We hope and pray to see the day, The coming King of Heaven, To take His own near to His throne, When star-lit skies are riven. — J. I. Cover THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $ J ,50 per year. Sample copies sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora, Calif. IT TAKES A WISE MAN TO FOLLOW A STAR Of all the events of Christmas, none speaks more clearly to us today than that wonderful appearing of a star that led wise men to the cradle of the Christ child* As we listen to the recounting of these marvelous events we are convinced anew that it takes a wise man to follow a star . Did you ever wonder if other men saw that star? There is remarkable evidence that this star was visible to ev- eryone of that day. It has to do with a penny. The de- narius — the Biblical penny — was the most common coin of that day in Galilee*- We are all familiar with the story of how Jesus took one of these pennies to silence those who were trying to' trap Him with the question, "Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?" It was really a loaded question* No matter which way He answered it, they would not be satisfied. So Jesus- answered by taking a penny and asking them in return, "Whose likeness and name is on this coin?" Some cf these ancient coins- have been unearthed. On some of these, coins. have been found the picture of the Herod who ruled in this area of Galilee at. the time of Christ* On the reverse side of these coins is a picture of a star* What is. the explanation of this combination? This Herod that ruled in the area of Galilee started his reign about 4 B.C.-, or just- about the same time as the birth of Christ. Is not the star on the back of his coin pointing to that new star that appeared as he began his reign? It seems reasonable to believe that so widespread was the knowledge of the appearance of a new star at the start of his reign as king, ' that this' Herod used a star on his coin to date the ' beginning of his reign. Many people must have seen that Christmas- star then, but what caused those wise men -to set out on their jour- ney? The wise men were; the scientists of their day, and the most developed science was astrology, which is a practical studv of the stars. In those days they did THE". PILGRIM not have electric lights; so when it became dark they could not read and do other things that we can do at night* But one thing they could do was to observe the stars , and this they did.' Night after night the wise men would study the stars; they knew them by name; they observed their every movement , In those eastern lands the stars were very easy to watch. There was hardly ever a cloud in the heavens, and the stars shone brightly in those clear skies. So when a new star would, appear it would be immediately no- ticed. These ancient astrologers had an interesting be- lief that the heavenly bodies had an important influence upon the destinies of men. The appearance of a new star had special significance , for to them it meant that a child was just born who would become a great king. As the wise men watched this strangely moving new star j they decided that it must be announcing the birth of a great king. They were greatly encouraged when they compared their own conclusion with the prophetic writers among the Jews, Had not a prophet among the Jews said, "I se6 him, but not now; I behold him, but not nigh; a star shall come forth out of Jacob, and a scepter shall rise out of Israel"? (Numbers 24:17) Was not this star headed westward toward. Palestine and the land of Israel? Yes, and 'another prophet, named Isaiah, had predicted that even kings would come when that star arose, "Arise , shine; for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord has risen upon you. And nations shall come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your rising." (Isaiah 60:1,3) So firmly did these wise men believe that this star would lead them to a newborn king that they started out to find that prince whose coming was being thus pro- claimed. They made their "way on camels, for most of the way was through the desert. During the hot day they would rest and sleep; then in the cool of the night they would follow the star. After they had, traveled many, • many days they found themselves coming into Jerusalem as the darkness was dawning into a new day. The people in Jerusalem gazed curiously at these im- portant-looking strangers. Who could they be? Where were they from? The strangers stopped and called out to jy;.-. -THE .PILGRIM- • some'- of the passers-by > "Where ^is ; he who has been born king of' the Jews? We have' seen -his star in the east, and have come to worsHip Kim/ 1 * (Matthew 2:2) A crowd' • quickly gathered to hear what these strangers were .ask-* ing^ 'The word'w&s passed around: "These' men say that;.-a king of the Jews has been -born. Where is he? : We have not heard of any" king;" •.One of the crowd "hurried to King Herod's -palace with the news: "Some foreigners rode into Jerusalem this morn- "ing.- They are asking -everyone , 'Where is the. child who -is born to be King of the Jews?' They say that they saw his- star in the east- and that they have come to worship him." .:.'.:••. ':.:,,:•:• rf; • Herod was understandably disturbed* ,-Was impossible that some child had been born who. would be king, instead of his son? So he called in his priests and, scribes: "Tell me, where do the scriptures say that -the Christ is to be born?" They knew their scriptures' and answered, "He- is to be born in Bethlehem.- The prophet Micah has- said: 'And thou, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, out of thee shall come forth a governor "who shall be '".shepherd of my people Israel." 1 (Micah 5:2) -' So Herod called the wise men into his' palace and in- quired of them exactly when they saw the star, ..'Then -he told them: "Go to Bethlehem,, and look, for the.- child; ■" when you have found him, for I would -like to go and wor- ship him, too," Of course, Herod had no intentions b£ worshiping the newborn baby, for he was a wicked and cruel- man. He meant to kill the baby as soon as he- found out where he was, so that the child would never have a chance to grow up to- be a king. Theitfise men left the palace as night- was setting in,* and started- for Bethlehem. You can Imagine their joy as darkness fell and they again. saw the star shining a- bove them, moving in the direction of Bethlehem. ■ "¥he# they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great . joy." "(Matthew 2:10} The star came to rest-over a hpuse in Bethlehem. 'They entered. the house to find a little child with his mother.- ,' [ < . - ;In their joy those wise men fell- down r and worshiped the : baby and gave him gifts. . These wise men did not • re- . turnto Herod,. Gbdj who was. taking care; .of His -Son, THE PILGRIM sent a dream to them warning them not to return to Herod. So they went home to their own country. by anoth- er route and Herod waited in vain. What' lesson is there for us today from these wise men? ■ 1. To be a wise man,, to follow a star, to worship the Christ child, takes faith. It means life-changing deci- sions. Other sky-watchers saw that star and considered the meaning of a new star, but they turned away uncon- vinced. To follow that star these wise men had to leave their ease and luxury. It meant mundane decisions like buying camels and packing provisions for -a trip, that non§ knew how long.it would be. Perhaps a larger number started out at the star-sum- mons, sharing the conviction and hope of seeing a king^ but turned back when their muscles grew tired and stiff through travel and when their food became dry and dis- tasteful. You see, it takes a wise man to follow a star; to travel a new road without map or road signs," and with- out assistance from fellow-travelers. Faith Is required to travel on when there remains only that inner compul- sion — I must go; and the heavenly certainty — I cannot turn back. It takes a wise man to follow a life-changing miracle star wherever it may lead, but wise men. there were twen- ty centuries ago, and wise men there are, today like' that. Here are- a few, and there are a few — men wise enough to shatter life's familiar patterns and leave everything to follow a star; men wise enough to -follow. an unt rod path, led only by Inner ••compulsion and divine certainty; men wise t enough to hail a peasant ! s, child, born in a barn, King of kings and Lord of lords; men humble enough to bow before Christ and dedicate: to Him their choicest gifts, and to return to their own country changed men, wise men, men telling good news. 2. To be a wise man you must follow the , light that you have.- Admittedly, those wise men did not have much light, but they 'followed the little, light that they had. In 1935, at the Chicago World 1 s Fair, a marvelous new invention was introduced to the world. The first amaz- ing feats produced by a ray of light were demonstrated. The aplication of this principle introduced back in 6 THE PILGRIM 1935 is very common for us today. As you break the beam of light at the entrance of a grocery store the door opens for you; using this principle the beams of your car ] s headlights can open your garage door for you. Speeders are clocked on our highways today by a beam of light called radar. The newest use of this principle is used to catch burglars. An ultra-violet ray of light which is invisible to the eye is broken if an intruder tries to enter a place guarded by these rays and thus sets off an alarm. All this is done with a ray of light. In the spiritual life, light is also important. As we act upon the little light that we have, more light is given to us. Whoso draws nigh to God one step through doubting s dim, God will advance a mile in blazing light to him. The truly wise man follows the light that he receives. And God's light always shines on the face of Jesus Christ, (II Corinthians 4:6) It is false wisdom that says, "The more educated you become the less religious you get." The wise man still seeks for the wisdom of the ages in a cradle. 3. Finally, to be a wise man you must not only have faith and then act upon that faith and follow where it leads; you must also bring a gift — yourself — to the Christ child when you are led to the manger. This is what those first wise men did. In many countries Christmas is celebrated differently than it is in America* In one part of Africa the Chris- tians come to churctj on Christmas day. and give their best gifts, not to each other, but to the Lord Jesus, whose birthday it is. Each one comes to the front of the church and gives- his gift to the missionary. Most of the people are so poor that they can bring only a few vegetables or a bunch of flowers. One or two pennies is a splendid gift . In this village an African girl had just been saved. She accepted the- Lord Jesus Christ as her Savior, be- lieving the most wonderful verse in the Bible, John 3?l6. On Christmas day she took out of her dress a coin worth 85<£ and gave it as her gift. The missionary was so sur- prised that he almost did not take it, for he thought THE PILGRIM 7 she must have stolen the money. However, he did accept the gift, but when the lovely service was over he called the girl aside, and asked where she had gotten such a fortune. (This was a lot of money for a sixteen-year- ■ old girl*) In reply, the sixteen-year-old girl explained that she had nothing good enough to give Jesus; so she had gone to one of the nearby farmers, who was a wicked man, and sold herself to work for him for the rest of her life for 85$. Then she had brought the entire value of her life in money, giving it all to 'Jesus. So will we, if we are wise men, bring the most costly gift of all to Him—ourselves. The gold of our obedience, the frankincense of holiness, and the myrrh of sacrifice and devotion will be acceptable to Him. As with gladness men of old Did the guiding star behold; As 'with joy they hailed its light,. Leading onward, beaming bright; . So most gracious Lord, may we Evermore be led to Thee. By Roy J. Peterman in the u Evangelical Visitor 1 ' • I hear the voice of my Lord, I hear Him in the rustling leaves And the wind in the trees. I hear Him down along- the creek ford. His voice, is "sweet. Oh I can tell, And it causes a silence. Birds stop singing, And the sheep and cattle stop grazing and listen. I can hear His every word in the valley deep. Some day when I go I know I wall meet no foe, For my Lord will meet me in that valley, And His voice I will know. — Bill Gurney Jamestown, California THE' PILGRIM. : f ';-■; OBITUARY ■ .-ELDER CHRISTIE RUFUS COVER,., son of ■ Joseph I* and Eliza S.\. Cover, was. born June-. 1, 1879. at. New. Geneva, Pennsyl- vania and departed this life at his home on Dakota Ave. near 'Modesto > California November 27'*. 1965 at; the age of 86: years , 5 months -and ' 2? days . , ,: 2 He was- .-married to Hattie Mae Royer September 29, 1903, who preceded him' in death December 9, 1948. To. this union- was born one daughter, Dorothy B.. Coyer, who faith- fully cared for her beloved father' in. his. declining years and last illness. At an early age he openly confessed his faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and entered into covenant relationship with Him in holy, baptism, to which covenant he remained faithful unto the end. He was a member of the Old Brethren Church, and was elected to the ministry' July 5/ 1930. He served as Elder of the Salida Congregation from 1948 to 1964* He lived near Hartville, Stark bonrtty-, Ohio from the time of his marriage in 1903 until- 1907, when 'he with his family moved to Modesto, California where- he resided until his death. The life. of this, family was one of service, giving their best years, tenderly ministering to the afflicted in their old age. ~ "' Christie was the youngest of a family of eight child- ren; five brothers: James M. Cover, Olivet L. Cover, Joseph M. Cover, Jacob A. Cover, . John' C .. Cover, and two sisters: Mary Rumble and* Orpha Mohler, all of whom pre- ceded him to the Spirit World. He will be lovingly, remembered, and greatly missed by his daughter . Dorothy, the members of his church, and a host of relatives and friends. Graveside services were conducted by the undersigned and Brother Joseph L. Cover* The body was laid to rest in the Wood Colony cemetery awaiting the Resurrection. —Daniel F. 'Wolf Safe in the arms of Jesus, Safe on His gentle breast, There by His love o'ershaded, Sweetly my soul shall rest. THE PILGRIM > THY WILL LORD If I must pass through waters deep, I 1 11 go and not repine; Or climb the mountain rough and steep, Thy will dear Lord,, not. mine* \ If I must feel the sharpened knife . For pruning back the vine, './ If this will bring new shoots of life, : .Thy will, dear Lord, not' mine. Or maybe 'take the lower seat, If this is Thy design^ •.. And watch my friends with, honor meet, ■ . Thy will., dear Lord,, not mine.. If for a season I am.- cast, . ; , '.. Like gold to be refined',. ;• Into' the oven's .fiery blast,. - Thy will,- dear Lord, not mine. Or crushed by sorrow's' piercing dart As grapes are crushed for wine, If this brings sweetness to Thy heart, Thy will, dear Lord, not Mne. . It's in the night time, '-not' at- day, - ' The stars' iri beauty shine; The darkness forms the Milky Way. Thy will, dear Lord, not mine. So come what may, I will not stray , But to Thy plan resign; I still wijLl walk the narrow way. Thy will, dear Lord, hot "mine. Written by William McChesney who was martyred in the Congo Thanksgiving Bay, 1964. Selected by Dorothy Cover ■We. send best wishes for .a joyous Christmas and happy 1966. to all our readers. !■ Thank you M to all who, have, helped in this publication during 1965. — L..C.- 10 THE PILGRIM ■ HYMN, STUDY LITTLE TOWN OF BETHLEHEM little town of Bethlehem. How still we see thee lie i Above thy deep and dreamless sleep The silent stars go by; Yet. in thy dark streets shineth The everlasting Light; The hopes and fears of all the years Are met in thee tonight . For Christ is born of Mary; And gathered all above , While mortals sleep, the angels keep Their watch of wondering love. morning stars, together Proclaim the holy birth , And' praises sing to God the King, And peace to men on earth. How silently, how silently The wondrous gift is given! So -God imparts to human hearts The blessings of His heaven. No ear may hear His coming: But in this world of sin, Where meek souls will receive Him still, The dear Christ enters in. holy Child of ■ Bethlehem, Descend to us, we pray; Cast out our sin and enter in, Be born in us today. We hear tjie Christmas angels The great glad tiding tell, come to us, abide with us, Our Lord Emmanuel. This hymn was composed by Phillips Brooks in the year 1868, just two year's after he returned from a trip to the little town of Bethlehem. He was born in Boston on December 13, 1835 and died January 23, 1893. He was grad- ( continued on page 15) THE PILGRIM 11 (For our "Historical" section on the Reformation we have the account of the Bohemian followers of John Huss and their violent, futile efforts to reform the church from about 1.416 to 1433 A.D.) THE HUSSITES The religious dissensions that had been excited in Bohemia by the ministry of John Huss and his' disciple Jacobellus de Misa, were doubly inflamed, by the deplor- able fate of Huss and Jerome of Prague, and broke out into an open war, which was carried on with the most savage and unparalleled barbarity. The followers of Huss,, who pleaded for the administration of the cup to the laity In the holy sacrament, being persecuted in various ways by the ministers of the court of Rome, retired to a. steep, high mountain in the district of" ■ Bechin, in which they held' their religious meetings' and administered the sacrament "in both kinds".' (The laity had been allowed only the. bread in this service, — Bd-V) This mountain they called Tabor, from the tents which 1 ; they at first erected there for their habitation; and-' ; eventually they raised a strong fortification for Its defence and built a city, They chose for 'their chiefs Nicholas of Uussiret, and the famous JohmZiska, a Bo- hemian knight, a ma'n of the most undaunted' courage and resolution; and proposed, under the ' standards of - these valiant leaders, to 'avenge the death of Huss and Jerome upon the creatures of the Roman pontiff, and obtain liberty to worship God in a more rational manner than that which was prescribed by the church of Rome. After the death of Nicholas in the year 1420, Ziska commanded alone this warlike body, and his army increased from day to day. During the first stages of this' war, Wenceslaus, king of Bohemia, died in' the year 1419. •The emperor Sigismund, who succeeded him in the throne of Bohemia, employed not only edicts and rernon- 12 THE PILGRIM strances, but also the terror of penal laws and the force of arms to end these lamentable divisions; and great numbers of the Hussites perished by his orders in the most barbarous manner. The Bohemians, .irritated by these inhuman proceedings*, threw off his despotic yoke in 1420, and, with Ziska at their head, made war against their sovereign. This famous leader, though deprived of his sight, discovered in every step he took, such an admirable mixture of prudence .and intrepidity that his name became a terror to his enemies. Upon hi§ death in 1424, the plurality of the Hussites chose for their general Procopius Rasa, a man also of undaunted courage and resolution, who maintained their cause and carried on the war with spirit and ■ success,, ■ The acts of barbarity that were committed on both sides were shocking and terrible beyond expression; for, notwith- standing the irreconcilable opposition that there was between the religious sentiments of the contending parties, they both agreed in this one horrible point, that it was innocent and lawful to persecute and extir- pate with fire and sword the enemies of the true, reli- gion, and such they appeared to be in each other 1 s eyes. The Bohemians maintained that Huss had been unjustly put to death at Constance, and consequently revenged, with the utmost fury, the injury that had been done him. They acknowledged that heretics were worthy of capital punishment; but they denied that Huss was -a heretic. This pernicious maxim then, was the source- of- that cruelty that dishonoured the exploits of both the parties ■in, this dreadful war; and it is difficult to determine which of the two carried this cruelty to the greatest height . All those who undertook to avenge the death of Huss set out upon the samfc principles, and, at the commence- ment of the war, they seemed to agree both in their religious sentiments and in their demands upon the church and government from which they had withdrawn themselves* But as their numbers increased, their union diminished, and finally a great dissension arose among them, which in 1420 came to an open rupture and divided this multitude into two great factions called ,l calixtines ,t THE PILGRIM 13 and ' "taborites 11 . The former, so called from their in- sisting ^upon the use of the cup or " chalice" in the celebration of the eucharist, were mild -in -their pro- ceedings and modest in their ..demands and showed no dis- position to overturn the ancient system of church govern- ment-, or- -to make.any considerable changes in the "religion which was publicly received. All that they required may be comprehended under four articles. They demanded first that the word of God should be . plainly explained' to the people without mixture of superstitious comments or inventions; secondly, that the sacrament of the. Lord's supper should be administered in both kinds; thirdly,.' that the. clergy, instead of acquiring riches and power, should be ambitious of . living and acting as became the . successors of the holy apostles; and fourthly, that transgressions of a. more heinous kind, or mortal sins, . should.be punished -in .a manner, suitable to their enormity. ■-..,.' The demands of the . n taborites rr , who derived, their. name from a mountain well known in sacred history, were much more ample. • They not only insisted upon reducing the religion of Jesus to its primitive simplicity, but, required also that the systesa of ecclesiastical govern- ment should be -reformed in. the same manner, the author- ity of the pope destroyed, the v form- of divine worship, ' changed; they demanded, in a,, word, the- ereetion'of a\% new church, a new- hierarchy',, in which, Christ alone- '■-■ . should reign and .all things should be;- -carried -on by a. divine direction and impulse. In- .maintaining these •"..., ., extravagant demands K ?m the- principal doctors among the. ... r taborites, such as Martin Loquis, a Moravian, and' his.. followers, went so far as to -flatter themselves .with. the notion that .Christ would descend, in person upon.-, earth, armed with fire- and sword to^ extirpate heresy and purify the church from its multiplied ^corruptions. . It is this enthusiastic ; class of Hussites alone that -were accountable for all those abominable acts . of violence,- rapine, desolation, and: murder which- are too indiscrim- inately laid to the charge of the Hussites r in : general, and to their two leaders Ziska and Procopius in partic- ular. It must indeed be' acknowledged that a great part 14 THE PILGRIM of the Hussites had imbibed the most barbarous senti- ments with respect to executing vengeance upon their enemies j against whom they breathed nothing but blood- shed and fury without any mixture of humanity or com- passion. ; In the year 1433, the council of Basil endeavoured to put an end to this dreadful war, and for that purpose invited the Bohemians to their assembly. The Bohemians, accepting this- invitation, sent ambassadors, and among others Procopius their leader, to represent them in that council. But, after many warm debates, these messengers of peace returned without having effected anything that might even prepare the way for a reconciliation so long and so ardently desired. The calixtines were not averse to peace, but no methods of persuasion could engage the taborites to yield. This matter however was transacted with more success by Aeneas Sylvius and others whom the council sent into Bohemia to renew the conferences. For these new legates, by allowing the calixtines the -use of the cup in the holy sacrament, satisfied them in -the point which they had chiefly at heart, and thereby reconciled them with the Roman pontiff. But the tabor- ites .remained firm, adhered inflexibly to their first principles; and neither the artifice nor eloquence of -Sylvius, nor the threats, sufferings, and persecutions to which their cause exposed them, could vanquish their obstinate perseverance in it. From this period indeed they began to review their religious tenets, and their ecclesiastical discipline, with a design to render them more perfect. This, review produced a very good effect and gave a rational aspect to the religion of this sect, who withdrew themselves from the war, abandoned the doc- trines which they found to be inconsistent with the spirit of the gospel, and banished from their communion all those whose disorder might expose them to reproach. The taborites, thus new modelled, were the same who joined Luther and his successors at the reformation, and of whom there are at this day many of the descend- ants and followers in Poland and other countries. ■ Condensed from Mosheim 1 s "Ecclesiastical History" THE PILGRIM 15 HYMN STUDY (continued) uated at Harvard in 1855 , and at the Episcopal Divinity School of Alexandria ^ Virginia in 1859- The first ten years of his ministry were spent in Pennsylvania, after which he became rector of Trinity Church, Boston and was elected bishop in 1891. He was an inspiring teacher- and preacher, an eloquent pulpit orator and' a man of deep and rich religious life . Phillips Brooks loved to write simple and tender poems for the children of his church. They all reveal his loving heart and the beauty of his consecrated ima- gination- This one, the best of his Christmas songs, was slow in coming to public notice, but finally found its place in hymn-tune collections. As we think of the birth of Jesus and -His humble be- ginning here on the earth, let us never -forget this was not His beginning, for He was with the Father in crea- tion and all things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.' May we truly: give thanks unto' God" for His unspeakable gift. For God so loved the' world that he gave his only begotten son that whosoever believeth on him should not perish but have everlasting life. For God sent not his son into the world to condemn the world but that the world, through him might be saved. — J.L.C, (Information from n The Story of the Hymns and Tunes") I like to meditate alone and pray, But something grips my soul in such a way. That -I am made to Teel When I with others kneel A close relationship. And when we all that prayer begin "Our Father", it makes' us all akin, "'■ For we God's children are and dear To Kim, -and to" each other near" In close relationship. — Guy Hootman 16 - ■ THE ■ PILGRIM. .-. _ CHILDREN'S PAGE WHILE SHEPHERDS WATCHED ♦ " • The night was cool and beautiful on the hills outside the little town of Bethlehem, The shepherds, spending the night out with the flocks of sheep, were watching,- for who knew when a wild animal might come to snatch one of the lambs or chase the sheep until they were so tired they would easily -be caught? These shepherds were Jews that had likely lived all their lives near Bethlehem, They had ■ spent many nights in the fields with the sheep. But they had never spent a night, like this one. For all of a sudden an angel of the Lord came upon them. And the glory of the Lord shone around them. And they were afraid. Never had they seen a sight like this. But their fear changed to wonder at the gracious, words of the angel: "Fear not* for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people," The shepherds .could only listen in amazement. "For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the I^ord. And this shall be a sign unto you: ye shall find the babe wrapped In swaddling clothes, lying in a manger." And as the shepherds watched, suddenly there was -with the. angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying: "Glory, to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men." And the angels returned to Heaven leaving the shepherds alone again in the fields with their sheep. And the shepherds said to each other, "Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, (the city of David) and see this thing which has come to, pass, which the Lord hath made known to us." So they hurried to Bethlehem and found Mary, Joseph and the baby. Jesus whom Mary had wrapped in swaddling clothes and laid "in a manger. The shepherds were so stirred by the experiences of this night that they told everyone what they had seen. And when they returned to their sheep in the fields they praised and glorified God for these good tidings of great joy, peace, goodwill; for Jesus , the Saviour is born. — L.C.